Europes Environmental Issues Acid Rain in Germany, Air

Europes Environmental Issues Acid Rain in Germany, Air

Europes Environmental Issues Acid Rain in Germany, Air Pollution in the United Kingdom, & the Nuclear Disaster in Chernobyl, Ukraine Brain Wrinkles STANDARDS: SS6G8 Explain environmental

issues in Europe. a. Explain the causes and effects of acid rain in Germany. b. Explain the causes and effects of air pollution in the United Kingdom. c. Explain the causes and effects of the nuclear disaster in Chernobyl, Ukraine. Brain Wrinkles Europes Environmental Issues

CLOZE Notes 1 ACID RAIN IN GERMANY Acid Rain Over the past 30 years, acid rain has been damaging Germany. It contaminates soil, kills trees, eats holes in the surfaces of buildings & statues, pollutes rivers, and harms wildlife. What is Acid Rain? Acid rain is a result of air pollution. When any type of fuel is burned, a lot of different chemicals are produced and released into the air. The chemicals mix with water in the clouds and come down with rain. The rain that falls has weak levels of acid mixed in. Its not acidic enough to burn your skin, but it is very harmful for the

environment. Causes The main source of acid rain is smoke from factories (burning fuels like natural gas, coal, & oil). Cars and buses also produce harmful gases. Effects Acid rain can effect trees in several different ways. It dissolves & washes away the nutrients and minerals in the soil. It also causes the release of harmful substances such as aluminum into the soil. Black Forest Acid rain has destroyed nearly half of the Black Forest in Germany! This has really harmed Germanys economy because one of its major natural resources is timber.

Effects Acid rain causes the water in rivers and lakes to become more acidic. Fish and other animals that live in these waters are dying, as well as the animals that drink from these waters. It also causes people to face harmful health hazards because the rain contaminates the drinking water in fresh water reservoirs. Nitrogen and sulfur in acid rain are eating away at many of Germanys landmarks, causing buildings and artwork to deteriorate. Concrete, metals, limestone, and marble are all susceptible to acid rain, and many of Germanys cultural objects that are hundreds of years old are slowly corroding away. Brain Wrinkles

Europes Environmental Issues CLOZE Notes 2 Germanys Solution In Germany, power plants that use water power are replacing many coal-burning factories. They are developing new types of energy, such as wind turbines and solar power. Germanys government has passed laws to reduce emissions from cars and factories. AIR POLLUTION IN THE UNITED KINGDOM Air Pollution Many of the worlds largest and most industrialized countries are in Europe. Paris, London, Berlin, Rome, Amsterdam These cities tend to have a lot of factories, a lot of traffic, and produce a lot of air

pollution. A country that has been greatly effected by this problem is the UK. UKs Air Pollution London, the capital of UK, is famous for air pollution. The word smog was first used in 1905 to describe air in London (thick fog + smoke). Thick London smog happens when sunlight acts on the gases from factory or automobile exhausts, or when water in the air mixes with smoke particles. Causes In the past, the major source of air pollution was smoke from burning coal in factories. The air quality in the UK began diminishing due to the smoke and air pollutants emitted from the burning coal.

Today, exhaust from automobiles is the big problem. Emissions from automobiles contain carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide, which stay close to the ground and contribute to low-lying smog. Effects Asthma and pneumonia are linked to vehicle emissions. Air pollution burns the lungs, nose, and eyes, and endangers human life. When air pollution levels are high, children, sick people, and the elderly have to stay inside to avoid breathing the hazardous air. Air pollution also harms vegetation. Vegetation exposed to polluted air for long periods of time grows more slowly and is more susceptible to disease and insects. This causes a major decrease in crop production. Brain Wrinkles

Europes Environmental Issues CLOZE Notes 3 UKs Solution Starting in the 1950s, UKs government has created smokeless zones in London where only smokeless fuels could be used. Electricity has also been used more in factories and homes. Laws have been created that require automobile makers to build cars that produce less exhaust. People have been asked to drive less and are encouraged to use public transportation or walk. WHAT IS EUROPE DOING OT FIX THESE PROBLEMS? Environmental Policies

In Western Europe, nations are trying to lessen pollution. They are spending money and researching new ways to produce power that cause less environmental damage. In Eastern Europe, few nations are researching new technologies. They have less money. European Union Most countries in Europe are members of a group called the European Union. Since its formation in 1993, the EU has passed policies designed to fight acid rain, improve air quality, restrict toxic waste, and reduce pollution. NUCLEAR DISASTER IN CHERNOBYL, UKRAINE Nuclear Power Between 1922 and 1991, Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union and was known for its fertile farmland and successful agricultural industry.

During the 1980s, many countries in Europe began using nuclear power plants to produce cleaner and cheaper energy in order to rely less on fossil fuels. Many European countries had strict regulations on nuclear power use; however, Ukraine did not. Chernobyl was a growing city in Ukraine, and it was home to the largest nuclear power plant in Europe. Unlike other nuclear power plants, Chernobyl was used to produced nuclear weapons material. Chernobyl In 1986, the Soviet Union generated 10% of the worlds nuclear power. On April 26, 1986, one of the reactors at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded. The explosion released large amounts of deadly radioactive nuclear material into

the atmosphere. Brain Wrinkles Europes Environmental Issues CLOZE Notes 4 Soviet Reaction The morning after the explosion, there was no hint of a disaster. After 36 hours of being exposed to radiation, the people were finally told to pack their clothing and evacuate their homes. There was an 18 mile evacuation zone. Worldwide Impact Nearly nine tons of radioactive material (90 times as much as the Hiroshima

bomb) was hurled into the sky. Over the following days, winds mostly blowing north and west, carried fallout into Belarus, as well as Russia, Poland, & other countries around the world. Effects In the first months after the accident, 28 emergency workers died from acute radiation syndrome. Doctors have noticed an increase in cases of cancer who lived nearby. Many animals died or got sick. Fish in nearby rivers were unsafe to eat for many years. Millions of acres of farmland have been poisoned. The people exposed to the high levels of radiation developed a high level of health problems, including thyroid cancer, autoimmune disorders, birth defects, and other health issues.

Chernobyl Today Chernobyl continued to produce electricity for another 14 years, until international pressure forced its closure in 2000. An official exclusion zone around the plant remains in place, extending for 18 miles. It is one of the most radioactive spots on Earth. In 2011, Ukraine opened up an area so tourists can see first-hand the effects of the disaster. Forests surrounding the city have repopulated with a variety of wildlife and vegetation. Radiation levels are still so high that humans cannot live here for 20,000 years! Brain Wrinkles

Acid Rain in Germany Brain Wrinkles Acid Rain Over the past 30 years, acid rain has been damaging Germany. It contaminates soil, kills trees, eats holes in the surfaces of buildings &

statues, pollutes rivers, and harms wildlife. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles What is Acid Rain? Acid rain is a result of air pollution.

When any type of fuel is burned, a lot of different chemicals are produced and released into the air. The chemicals mix with water in the clouds and come down with rain. Brain Wrinkles

Brain Wrinkles What is Acid Rain? The rain that falls has weak levels of acid mixed in. Its not acidic enough to burn your skin, but it is very harmful for the environment. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles

Left Branch shows needle loss and discoloration due to acid rain. Causes The main source of acid rain is smoke from factories (burning fuels like natural gas, coal, & oil). Cars and buses also produce harmful gases. Brain Wrinkles

Effects Acid rain can effect trees in several different ways. It dissolves & washes away the nutrients and minerals in the soil. It also causes the release of harmful substances such as aluminum into the soil. Brain Wrinkles Black Forest

Acid rain has destroyed nearly half of the Black Forest in Germany! This has really harmed Germanys economy because one of its major natural resources is timber. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Effects

Acid rain causes the water in rivers and lakes to become more acidic. Fish and other animals that live in these waters are dying, as well as the animals that drink from these waters. It also causes people to face harmful health hazards because the rain contaminates the Brain Wrinkles Effects

Nitrogen and sulfur in acid rain are eating away at many of Germanys landmarks, causing buildings and artwork to deteriorate. Concrete, metals, limestone, and marble are all susceptible to acid rain, and many of Germanys cultural objects that are hundreds of years old are slowly Brain Wrinkles

Acid Rain Can Cause Erosion in Stone Statues & Buildings Brain Wrinkles Germanys Solution In Germany, power plants that use water power are replacing many coalburning factories. They are developing new types of energy, such as wind turbines and solar power.

Germanys government has passed laws to reduce emissions from cars Brain Wrinkles Air Pollution in the United Kingdom Brain Wrinkles Air Pollution Many of the worlds largest and

most industrialized countries are in Europe. Paris, London, Berlin, Rome, Amsterdam These cities tend to have a lot of factories, a lot of traffic, and produce a lot of air pollution.

A country that has been greatly effected by this problem is the UK. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles UKs Air Pollution London, the capital of UK, is famous for air pollution. The word smog was first used in 1905 to describe air in London (thick fog + smoke).

Thick London smog happens when sunlight acts on the gases from factory or automobile exhausts, or when water in the air mixes with smoke particles. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Causes In the past, the major source of

air pollution was smoke from burning coal in factories. The air quality in the UK began diminishing due to the smoke and air pollutants emitted from the burning coal. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles

Causes Today, exhaust from automobiles is the big problem. Emissions from automobiles contain carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide, which stay close to the ground and contribute to low-lying smog. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles

Effects Asthma and pneumonia are linked to vehicle emissions. Air pollution burns the lungs, nose, and eyes, and endangers human life. When air pollution levels are high, children, sick people, and the elderly have to stay inside to avoid breathing the hazardous Brain Wrinkles

Brain Wrinkles Effects Air pollution also harms vegetation. Vegetation exposed to polluted air for long periods of time grows more slowly and is more susceptible to disease and insects. This causes a major decrease in crop production.

Brain Wrinkles UKs Solution Starting in the 1950s, UKs government has created smokeless zones in London where only smokeless fuels could be used. Electricity has also been used more in factories and homes. Laws have been created that require automobile makers to build cars that produce less exhaust.

People have been asked to drive less and Brain Wrinkles What is Europe doing to fix these problems? Brain Wrinkles Environmental Policies In Western Europe, nations are trying to lessen pollution.

They are spending money and researching new ways to produce power that cause less environmental damage. In Eastern Europe, few nations are researching new technologies. They have less money. Brain Wrinkles European Union Most countries in Europe are members of a group called

the European Union. Since its formation in 1993, the EU has passed policies designed to fight acid rain, improve air quality, restrict toxic waste, and reduce pollution. Brain Wrinkles Nuclear Disaster in

Chernobyl, Ukraine Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Nuclear Power Between 1922 and 1991, Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union and was known for its fertile farmland and successful

agricultural industry. During the 1980s, many countries in Europe began using nuclear power plants to produce cleaner and cheaper energy in order to rely less on fossil fuels. Brain Wrinkles Nuclear Power

Many European countries had strict regulations on nuclear power use; however, Ukraine did not. Chernobyl was a growing city in Ukraine, and it was home to the largest nuclear power plant in Europe.

Unlike other nuclear power Brain Wrinkles Chernobyl In 1986, the Soviet Union generated 10% of the worlds nuclear power.

On April 26, 1986, one of the reactors at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded. The explosion released large amounts of deadly radioactive nuclear material into the

Brain Wrinkles Before Brain Wrinkles After Brain Wrinkles Soviet Reaction

The morning after the explosion, there was no hint of a disaster. After 36 hours of being exposed to radiation, the people were finally told to pack their clothing and evacuate their homes. There was a 18 mile evacuation

zone. Brain Wrinkles Worldwide Impact Nearly nine tons of radioactive material (90 times as much as the Hiroshima bomb) was hurled into the sky.

Over the following days, winds mostly blowing north and west, carried fallout into Belarus, as well as Russia, Poland, & other countries around the world. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Effects In the first months after the accident,

28 emergency workers died from acute radiation syndrome. Doctors have noticed an increase in cases of cancer who lived nearby. Many animals died or got sick. Fish in nearby rivers were unsafe to eat for many years. Millions of acres of farmland have Brain Wrinkles Radiation Suits Worn By Workers

Brain Wrinkles Effects The people exposed to the high levels of radiation developed a high level of health problems, including thyroid cancer, autoimmune disorders, birth defects, and other health issues. Brain Wrinkles

Brain Wrinkles Chernobyl Today Chernobyl continued to produce electricity for another 14 years, until international pressure forced its closure in 2000. An official exclusion zone around the plant remains in place, extending for 18 miles. It is one of the most radioactive spots on Earth.

Brain Wrinkles Chernobyl TodayA Ghost Town Brain Wrinkles Chernobyl Today In 2011, Ukraine opened up an area so tourists can see firsthand the effects of the disaster. Forests surrounding the city have repopulated with a variety of wildlife and vegetation.

Radiation levels are still so high that humans cannot live here for 20,000 years! Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Amusement Park Hospital (Baby Room) Brain Wrinkles

School Classroom Brain Wrinkles School Classroom Brain Wrinkles Grocery Store Brain Wrinkles Europes Environmental Issues

Acid Rain in Germany Air Pollution in UK Chernobyl Directions: Complete the chart below with information that you learn during the presentation. If time allows, color your illustrations. CAUSES Factories, power plants, and automobiles burn fossil fuels and give off smoke and emissions; rain and pollutan

Destroyed over half of the Black Forest, contaminating rivers and lakes, thus harming fish and wildlife, corrodin EFFECTS SOLUTION Factories have started using water power & alternative fuels, stricter emissions testing on automobiles, Germa ILLUSTRATION Brain Wrinkles Europes Environmental Issues

Comprehension Check 1. What is acid rain? Rainfall that is mixed with pollutants in the air 2. What causes acid rain? Factories, power plants, and automobiles burn fossil fuels and give off smoke and emissions 3. Name 3 effects of acid rain in Germany: Destroyed over half of the Black Forest, contaminating rivers and lakes, thus harming fish and wildlife, corroding buildings and statues, contaminating drinking water 4. What solutions has Germany implemented to reduce acid rain? Factories have started using water power & alternative fuels, stricter

emissions testing on automobiles, Germany has agreed to cleaner energy sources, like wind and solar, instead of burning fossil fuels 5. What is air pollution? Smoke and emissions contain pollutants, such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrous oxide, which are released into the air 6. What are the major causes of air pollution in the United Kingdom? Factories, homes, and automobiles burn fossil fuels and give off smoke and emissions 7. What is smog? Sunlight that acts on the emissions or when water in the air reacts with the emissions; creates a low-lying blanket of thick air pollution 8. How is air pollution harmful to people and nature in the United Kingdom?

Causes health hazards such as asthma and pneumonia, burns eyes, nose, & lungs; harms vegetation which results in slower growing & makes it more susceptible to diseases and insects; decreases crop production 9. What solutions has the UK implemented to reduce air pollution? Government has created smokeless zones in London; factories and homes are using more electricity and burning less fossil fuels; laws Brain Wrinkles Europes Environmental Issues Comprehension Check 10. What happened on April 20, 1986 in Chernobyl, Ukraine?

Nuclear power plant exploded and released tons of toxic radioactive waste into the atmosphere 11. What impact did the nuclear explosion have on the environment? Over 100,000 acres of land was contaminated with radioactive wastes; forests and wildlife died, water was not safe to drink and fish could not be eaten; So much land was contaminated, farmers could no long grow/sell crops 12. What impact did the nuclear explosion have on humans? Radiation exposure causes thyroid cancer, autoimmune diseases, & birth defects 13. How were other countries effected by the Chernobyl nuclear disaster? Air currents carried the wastes to other parts of the Soviet Union,

Eastern Europe, and Scandinaviaas air particles fell to the ground, land and bodies of water were contaminated 14. What is Chernobyl like today? It is a ghost town, and humans cannot inhabit the area for 20,000 years Brain Wrinkles

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