Por or para - Alvin Independent School District

Por or para - Alvin Independent School District

CalentamientoDefine: Complete exercise 18 by forming matching choices into sentences in Notebook 106-109 Complete exercise 18 by forming matching choices into sentences in Notebook 106-109 Answer each question in a complete sentence te gusta ir de compras al mercado libre? Prefieres comprar articulos de cuero o de cermica? Son ms caros los objetos de plstico o de plata?

Te gusta regatear? Te gustan ms los adornos o las pinturas? Por or Para Although the prepositions por and para may both be translated as for/through/by in English, they are not interchangeable in most cases. Each word has a distinctly different use in Spanish, as shown in the following slides. What do these symbols represent to you?

Again/repeat Duration Through/by aroound Uses of PARA The uses of PARA can be categorized in the following four categories: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Destination Purpose Deadline Standard/Comparison PARA: Destination Destination can be real or figurative: Real: where something is going, Voy para la escuela could go (Figurative/Metaphorical) Mi casa es buena para la fiesta. or should go (for) Este jabn es para el bao.

This soap is for the bathroom The destination could be a recipient: Tengo el dinero para Juan. Estos regalos son para m. Final (travel) destination Los astronautas van para la luna. Michelle sale para Taiwan maana PARA: Purpose Expresses the reason (before an infinitive) Una pluma es para escribir. Estos zapatos son para correr.

Tells why one does something/purpose/in order to Yo como para vivir I eat in order to live. Estudiamos para aprender. We study in order to learn. PARA: Deadline/time period para expresses a specific time limit or deadline (in the future) Necesito la ropa para el jueves. Tenemos que hacer esto para esta noche. Expresses a limited timespan in the future

When describing a specified period of time in the future--a generalized period of time, as opposed to a clock time of hours (for) l tiene empleo para el verano He has a job for the summer Tenemos una casa reservada para dos semanas We have a house reserved for two weeks. PARA: STANDARD Para expresses a comparison to a certain standard (age, height, etc.) Paco es alto para su edad. Paco is tall for his age.

Hace calor para enero. Its hot for January. Expresses an opinion or personal standard. Replacement for in my opinion = Para m Para m, el espaol es fcil. For me, Spanish is easy. 1. Destination 1. 2. 3. 4.

2. Expresses purpose (before an infinitive) Tells why one does something: in order to (before an infinitive) Deadline 1. 2. 4. Indicates real or figurative destination Expresses the recipient of an action Indicates direction and/or final travel destination

Indicates aim or objective of an action (+ profession) estudio para maestra Purpose 1. 2. 3. PARA summary Expresses a specific time limit or deadline (in the future) Expresses a limited timespan in the future Standard 1.

2. Expresses a comparison to a certain standard Expresses an opinion or personal standard Para Para is very unidirectional and points forward toward a goal or destination, whether literal or figurative. Para indicates: or destiny 1 Destination

goal, intended purpose 2 Limit of time or space (deadline) by a certain time; to or toward a certain location 3 Comparison with a norm Para or destiny 1 Destination Maana Juan sale para Madrid. Tomorrow Juan is leaving for Madrid. Pablo estudia para (ser) mdico. Pablo is studying to be a doctor.

El regalo es para mi hermano. The gift is for my brother. 2 Limit of time or space Debo llegar a la reunin para las 10:00, a ms tardar. I must arrive at the meeting by 10:00, at the latest. Para 3 Comparison with a norm Para norteamericano, Bill habla bien el espaol. For an American, Bill speaks Spanish well.

El nio es muy alto para su edad. The child is very tall for his age. Para is also translated as in order to Trabajo para ganar dinero para costear mi educacin. I work in order to earn money to pay for my education. Para Para is used in some set phrases such as the following: para siempre forever

para qu? what for? (sarcastically) for that/for what purpose para eso no es para tanto Its not a big deal sin qu ni para qu

without rhyme or reason Uses of POR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Duration Substitution/Exchange Motive/Cause

Movement/Mode Emotion Idioms POR: Duration Expresses the duration of time Cada da vamos a la escuela POR ocho horas. Periods of time during the 24-hour day Tenemos clase POR la noche l toma caf POR la maana. Expresses the English use of the Latin term per l lee tres libros POR mes.

He reads three books PER month. El diez por ciento de las mujeres son viudas. Ten PERcent of women are widows. Por: Substitution or Exchange Indicates an equal exchange or trade Por often implies an equality of the two things it separates: pizza is worth ten dollarsyou exchange the ten dollars for the pizza Pagu diez dlares POR la pizza. Juan cambi su manzana POR una naranja. Expresses substitution (in place of) Use when something or someone is being substituted for something/one else.

El vicepresidente habl por el presidente Sustituyo margarina por mantequilla. Expresses thanks and gratitude Gracias por las flores. Te doy gracias por tu ayuda. POR: Motive/Cause Indicates having done something or because of (por + infinitive) Por ganar la lotera, ellos son ricos. Because they won the lottery, they are rich. l no trabaja hoy por estar enfermo. He is not working today because of being sick.

Expresses a motive for doing something Vamos a la tienda por mantequilla. Reconstruimos la casa por la tormenta. Tells why something/one is a certain way (Por + noun/infinitive) Beethoven es famoso por su msica. Paco es popular por su personalidad. POR: Movement Expresses means of transportation When you want to tell how you are getting somewhere. Use POR before whatever mode of transportation you plan to use (by or on) Por autobs, Por avin, Por ferrocarril/tren, Por coche/carro

EN can also be used for transportation: en tren, en avin Martin va al trabajo por autobs. Expresses means of sending messages or information (by) Por computadora, por correo, por correo electrnico, por fax, por telfono. Les envi la carta por correo. No es bueno discutir por telfono. Indicates the point of a temporary stop If you are stopping by someones house or a store on your way to somewhere else Voy por el banco antes de ir al teatro Im going by the bank (temporary stop) before going to the theater (final destination) Indicates movement within an area:

If you are somewhere, but are wandering/touring around.. Nos paseamos POR el parque (we walked/toured around the park. El detective busca POR la casa (the detective is looking around the house) POR: emotion To express a liking (or disliking), a general intangible feeling Juan tiene mucho amor POR su esposa Juan has lots of love for his wife. Tengo respeto POR mis amigos. I have respect for my friends. Por

Por is less direct and can point in various directions, including backward towards cause or motive. Por indicates: or approximate direction or time 1 Imprecise around a certain time; through or by way of a certain location Duration of time 2 3 Motive or cause 4 Exchange or interchange

5 Means or mode Por or approximate direction or 1 Imprecise time Vamos a pasear por el parque por la tarde. Were going to take a walk through the park during the afternoon. of time 2 Duration Vamos a estar en Cancn por dos

semanas. Were going to be in Cancn for two weeks. 3 Motive or cause Estudio espaol por amor al idioma. I study Spanish because of a love for the language. Por 4 Exchange or interchange Si no puedes ir a la reunin, yo voy por ti.If you cant go to the meeting, Ill go in your place. Pagu diez dlares por el CD de scar de

Len. I paid ten dollars for the scar de Len CD. 5 Means or mode Siempre mando mis cartas por avin. I always send my letters by air mail. Vamos a viajar por tren. Were going to travel by train. Por Por is also used in a large number of set phrases such as the following:

por ahora for now por aqu around here, this way by chance por casualidad por completo

por Dios por desgracia por ejemplo completely for Gods (goodness ) sake unfortunately for example Por Por is also used in a large number of set phrases such as the following:

por el bien de alguien por eso for someones good por favor please por fin at last, finally

por lo general in general por lo menos at least therefore, for that reason Por Por is also used in a large number of set

phrases such as the following: por medio de por nada no matter how much . .. by means of youre welcome por si acaso just in case

por suerte luckily, fortunately por supuesto of course, naturally por ltimo Finally, lastly por ms que . . .

Por Idioms Some other uses por + infinitive expresses readiness (to be 1 Estar about to do something Estoy por salir. I am about to leave. Estamos por visitar la tumba de Bolvar en el centro de Caracas. We are about to visit Bolvars tomb in downtown Caracas. 2Por = Per

La velocidad mxima es de 70 millas por hora. The speed limit is 70 miles per hour. Por Some other uses por, venir por = to go for, to come for or in 3 Ir search of something or someone El conductor est gravemente herido. Voy por el mdico. The driver is gravely injured. Ill go for the doctor.

4 Que queda por hacer = that remains to be done Tengo dos proyectos por terminar. I have two projects yet to be finished. Eso est por verse. That remains to be seen. Prctica I Completa las siguientes oraciones con por o para. 1. Puede cerrar la puerta, _______ favor? a. por b. para 2. Cundo trabajas? Trabajo _______ la maana. c. por

b. para Prctica I Completa las siguientes oraciones con por o para. 3. Quiero levantarme pronto ________ hacer muchas cosas a. por b. para 4. Dnde trabajas? Trabajo ________ la compaa SONY. c. por b. para Prctica I Completa las siguientes oraciones con por o para. 5. Tambin, trabajo ________ clientes de otros pases. a. por

b. para 6. Preparo cinco proyectos _________ semana. c. por b. para Prctica II Elige el uso correcto. 1. Ella camina por el parque. a. Through b. Duration of an event c. Recipient d. Toward, destination Prctica II Elige el uso correcto.

2. Yo fui a Italia por avin. a. Duration of an event b. Exchange c. Transportation, through d. Future date, deadline Prctica II Elige el uso correcto. 3. Estas flores son para mi novia. a. Purpose b. Reason, motive c. Toward, destination d. Recipient Prctica II

Elige el uso correcto. 4. Estudio mucho para sacar buena notas. a. Future date, deadline b. Purpose c. Recipient d. Toward, destination Guia Write rules (3) from page 302 attach rules sheet from class

practice sheet from class Practice #23

Esta maana Luisa me llam ________ telfono. Me llam ________ invitarme a su boda. Ella y Pepe estn muy contentos porque _____fin van a casarse. Y ________ eso, ellos van a invitar a todo el mundo a su boda. Van a tener una gran fiesta ________ celebrar la ocasin. Despus de la boda, los dos van a salir ________ Espaa. Luisa naci en San Antonio pero ________ norteamericana habla espaol bastante bien. Esta noche voy a dar una fiesta _____celebrar el compromiso. Lino, Tina y yo decidimos dar 100 dlares cada uno ________ poder comprarles un lindo regalo. Mis amigos van a pasar ________ Luisa. Despes van a la casa de Pepe ________ recogerlo. Tambin queremos darles las gracias ________ invitarnos a la

fiesta. FIN

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