The American Nation Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies, 17451775 Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. The American Nation Chapter 5: Crisis in the Colonies, 17451775 ction 1: The French and Indian War Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. The French and Indian War Chapter 5, Section 1
How did the rivalry of Britain and France lead to war in North America? How did lack of unity and mistakes lead to British defeats early in the war? What turned the tide of war in Britains favor? How did British troops bring about the fall of New France? Rivalry Between Britain and France Leads to War Chapter 5, Section 1 European powers competed for trade and colonies around the globe. France and England both claimed land in North America. English settlers pushing westward clashed with French fur traders in the Ohio Valley. Native Americans were caught up in the conflict. Algonquins and Hurons sided with the French. Iroquois
supported the English. In 1754, France and Great Britain began to fight in the Ohio River Valley. English settlers called the fight against France and their Indian allies the French and Indian War. How Britain Almost Lost the War Chapter 5, Section 1 Event What Happened Results Albany Plan of Union To get the colonists to work together to defeat the French, Franklin proposed this plan for one
general government for the 13 colonies. The colonial assemblies turned the plan down. Fort Necessity Washington launched a surprise attack against the French. French and Indian forces outnumbered Washingtons forces. Washington surrendered. Fort Duquesne General Braddock led British and colonial troops toward Fort Duquesne.
The French launched a surprise attack and defeated Braddocks troops. Fort Oswego, Fort William Henry The French succeeded in capturing these forts. Britains Indian allies began to doubt the British. How Great Britain Won the War Chapter 5, Section 1 Who or What
What Happened Results William Pitt Pitt became the new head of the British government. Pitts first goal was to win the war in North America. Major General Amherst captured the fort in 1758. Pitt sent his best generals, money, and supplies to North America. Fort Duquesne The British seized it in 1758.
Fort Duquesne became Fort Pitt. Fort Niagra, Crown Point, Fort Ticonderoga The British seized them in 1759. Added to British success. Quebec, important city overlooking the St. Lawrence River In the dark, British troops led by General Wolfe quietly climbed the cliff and surprised the French.
The British and French troops fought on the Plains of Abraham, outside the city of Quebec. The British won. Quebec surrendered. Louisbourg With the capture of the most important French fort in Canada, the tide of battle turned. How Great Britain Won the War Chapter 5, Section 1 The Treaty of Paris Chapter 5, Section 1
Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris in 1763. The treaty marked the end of French power in North America. Britain gained Canada and all French lands east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans. France kept two islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. France kept some sugar-growing islands in the West Indies. Spain gave up Florida to Britain. Spain received New Orleans and all French land west of the Mississippi. Spain kept its empire in Central and South America.
The Treaty of Paris Chapter 5, Section 1 Section 1 Assessment Chapter 5, Section 1 In North America, the French and the English clashed over a) land claims and fur trade. b) which Native Americans would be their allies. c) clearing the forests. d) rights to the Mississippi River. As a result of the French and Indian War a) the Iroquois deserted the British. b) the city of Pittsburgh grew up. c) France lost its empire in North America. d) France controlled shipping on the St. Lawrence River. Want to connect to the American History link for this section? Click here. Section 1 Assessment
Chapter 5, Section 1 In North America, the French and the English clashed over a) land claims and fur trade. b) which Native Americans would be their allies. c) clearing the forests. d) rights to the Mississippi River. As a result of the French and Indian War a) the Iroquois deserted the British. b) the city of Pittsburgh grew up. c) France lost its empire in North America. d) France controlled shipping on the St. Lawrence River. Want to connect to the American History link for this section? Click here.
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