Nightingale Home Healthcare

Nightingale Home Healthcare

Medicare Benefit Policy Manual Chapter 7 - Home Health Services Presentation created: April 25, 2016 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services (Revised 1,10-01-03) ( A3-3117, HHA 204, A-9849) 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services To qualify for the Medicare home health benefit, under

1814(a)(2)(C) and 1835(a)(2)(A) of the Act, a Medicare beneficiary must meet the following requirements: Be confined to the home; Under the care of a physician; Receiving services under a plan of care established and periodically reviewed by a physician; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services To qualify for the Medicare home health benefit, under 1814(a)(2)(C) and 1835(a)(2)(A) of the Act, a

Medicare beneficiary must meet the following requirements continued Be in need of skilled nursing care on an intermittent basis or physical therapy or speech-language pathology; or Have a continuing need for occupational therapy. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services For purposes of benefit eligibility, under 1814(a)(2) (C) and 1835(a)(2)(A) of the Act, "intermittent" means skilled nursing care that is either provided or

needed on fewer than 7 days each week or less than 8 hours of each day for periods of 21 days or less (with extensions in exceptional circumstances when the need for additional care is finite and predictable). 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services A patient must meet each of the criteria specified in this section. Patients who meet each of these criteria are eligible to have payment made on their behalf for services discussed in 40 and 50.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1 - Confined to the Home 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: For a patient to be eligible to receive covered home health services under both Part A and Part B, the law requires that a physician certify in all cases that the patient is confined to his/her home. For purposes of the statute, an individual shall be considered confined to the home (homebound) if the following two criteria are met:

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: 1. Criteria-One: The patient must either: Because of illness or injury, need the aid of supportive devices such as crutches, canes, wheelchairs, and walkers; the use of special transportation; or the assistance of another person in order to leave their place of residence 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of

Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: 1.Criteria-One: OR Have a condition such that leaving his or her home is medically contraindicated. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home:

If the patient meets one of the Criteria-One conditions, then the patient must ALSO meet two additional requirements defined in CriteriaTwo below. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: 2. Criteria-Two: There must exist a normal inability to leave home; AND

Leaving home must require a considerable and taxing effort. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: If the patient does in fact leave the home, the patient may nevertheless be considered homebound if the absences from the home are infrequent or for periods of relatively short duration, or are attributable to the need to receive health care treatment.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: Absences attributable to the need to receive health care treatment include, but are not limited to Attendance at adult day centers to receive medical care; Ongoing receipt of outpatient kidney dialysis; or The receipt of outpatient chemotherapy or radiation therapy. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home:

Any absence of an individual from the home attributable to the need to receive health care treatment, including regular absences for the purpose of participating in therapeutic, psychosocial, or medical treatment in an adult day-care program that is licensed or certified by a State, or accredited to furnish adult day-care services in a State, shall not disqualify an individual from being considered to be confined to his home. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: Any other absence of an individual from the home shall not so disqualify an individual if the absence is of an infrequent or of

relatively short duration. For purposes of the preceding sentence, any absence for the purpose of attending a religious service shall be deemed to be an absence of infrequent or short duration. It is expected that in most instances, absences from the home that occur will be for the purpose of receiving health care treatment. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: However, occasional absences from the home for nonmedical purposes, e.g., an occasional trip to the barber, a walk around the block or a drive, attendance at a family reunion, funeral,

graduation, or other infrequent or unique event would not necessitate a finding that the patient is not homebound if the absences are undertaken on an infrequent basis or are of relatively short duration and do not indicate that the patient has the capacity to obtain the health care provided outside rather than in the home. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home Examples: Some examples of homebound patients that illustrate the factors used to determine whether a homebound condition

exists are listed below. A patient paralyzed from a stroke who is confined to a wheelchair or requires the aid of crutches in order to walk. A patient who is blind or senile and requires the assistance of another person in leaving their place of residence. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: Examples: A patient who has lost the use of their upper extremities and, therefore, is unable to open doors, use handrails on stairways, etc., and requires the assistance of another

individual to leave their place of residence. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: Examples: A patient in the late stages of ALS or neurodegenerative disabilities. In determining whether the patient has the general inability to leave the home and leaves the home only infrequently or for periods of short duration, it is necessary (as is the case in determining whether skilled nursing services are intermittent) to look at the patient's condition over a period of time rather than for short periods within the home health stay.

For example, a patient may leave the home (meeting both criteria listed above) more frequently during a short period when the patient has multiple appointments with health care professionals and medical tests in 1 week. So long as the patient's overall condition and experience is such that he or she meets these qualifications, he or she should be considered confined to the home. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: Examples: A patient who has just returned from a hospital stay involving surgery, who may be suffering from resultant

weakness and pain because of the surgery and; therefore, their actions may be restricted by their physician to certain specified and limited activities (such as getting out of bed only for a specified period of time, walking stairs only once a day, etc.). 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: Examples: A patient with arteriosclerotic heart disease of such severity that they must avoid all stress and physical activity.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: Examples: A patient with a psychiatric illness that is manifested in part by a refusal to leave home or is of such a nature that it would not be considered safe for the patient to leave home unattended, even if they have no physical limitations. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: The aged person who does not often travel from home because

of feebleness and insecurity brought on by advanced age would not be considered confined to the home for purposes of receiving home health services unless they meet one of the above conditions. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: Although a patient must be confined to the home to be eligible for covered home health services, some services cannot be provided at the patient's residence because equipment is required that cannot be made available there.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: If the services required by an individual involve the use of such equipment, the HHA may make arrangements with a hospital, SNF, or a rehabilitation center to provide these services on an outpatient basis. (See 50.6.) However, even in these situations, for the services to be covered as home health services the patient must be considered confined to home and meet both criteria listed above. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services

30.1.1 Patient Confined to the Home: If a question is raised as to whether a patient is confined to the home, the HHA will be requested to furnish the Medicare contractor with the information necessary to establish that the patient is homebound as defined above. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence: A patient's residence is wherever he or she makes his or her home. This may be his or her own dwelling, an apartment, a relative's home, a home for the aged, or some other type of institution.

However, an institution may not be considered a patient's residence if the institution meets the requirements of 1861(e)(1) or 1819(a)(1) of the Act. Included in this group are hospitals and skilled nursing facilities, as well as most nursing facilities under Medicaid. (See the Medicare State Operations Manual, 2166.) 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence: Thus, if a patient is in an institution or distinct part of an institution identified above, the patient is not entitled to have payment made for home health services under either Part A

or Part B since such an institution may not be considered their residence. When a patient remains in a participating SNF following their discharge from active care, the facility may not be considered their residence for purposes of home health coverage. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence: A patient may have more than one home and the Medicare rules do not prohibit a patient from having one or more places of residence. A patient, under a Medicare home health plan of care, who resides in more than one place of residence during an

episode of Medicare covered home health services will not disqualify the patient's homebound status for purposes of eligibility. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence: For example, a person may reside in a principal home and also a second vacation home, mobile home, or the home of a caretaker relative. The fact that the patient resides in more than one home and, as a result, must transit from one to the other, is not in itself, an indication that the patient is not homebound. The requirements of homebound must be met at each location (i.e.,

the patient must meet both criteria listed in section 30.1.1 above). 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence A. Assisted Living Facilities, Group Homes, and Personal Care Homes : An individual may be "confined to the home" for purposes of Medicare coverage of home health services if he or she resides in an institution that is not primarily engaged in providing to inpatients: Diagnostic and therapeutic services for medical diagnosis;

Treatment; Care of injured, disabled or sick persons; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence A. Assisted Living Facilities, Group Homes, and Personal Care Homes : An individual may be "confined to the home" for purposes of Medicare coverage of home health services if he or she resides in an institution that is not primarily engaged in providing to inpatients continued Rehabilitation services or other skilled services needed to

maintain a patients current condition or to prevent or slow further deterioration; or Skilled nursing care or related services for patients who require medical or nursing care. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence A. Assisted Living Facilities, Group Homes, and Personal Care Homes : If it is determined that the assisted living facility (also called personal care homes, group homes, etc.) in which the individuals reside are not primarily engaged in providing the above services,

then Medicare will cover reasonable and necessary home health care furnished to these individuals. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence A. Assisted Living Facilities, Group Homes, and Personal Care Homes : If it is determined that the services furnished by the home health agency are duplicative of services furnished by an assisted living facility when provision of such care is required of the facility under State licensure requirements, claims for such services should be denied under 1862(a)(1)(A) of the

Act. Section 1862(a)(1)(A) excludes services that are not necessary for the diagnosis or treatment of illness or injury or to improve the functioning of a malformed body member from Medicare coverage. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence A. Assisted Living Facilities, Group Homes, and Personal Care Homes : Services to people who already have access to appropriate care from a willing caregiver would not be considered reasonable and necessary to the treatment of the individual's

illness or injury. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence A. Assisted Living Facilities, Group Homes, and Personal Care Homes : Medicare coverage would not be an optional substitute for the services that a facility is required to provide by law to its patients or where the services are included in the base contract of the facility. An individual's choice to reside in such a facility is also a choice to accept the services it holds itself out as offering to its patients.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence B. Day Care Centers and Patients Place of Residence: The current statutory definition of homebound or confined does not imply that Medicare coverage has been expanded to include adult day care services. The law does not permit an HHA to furnish a Medicare covered billable visit to a patient under a home health plan of care outside his or her home, except in those limited circumstances where the patient needs to use medical equipment that is too

cumbersome to bring to the home. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence B. Day Care Centers and Patients Place of Residence: Section 1861(m) of the Act stipulates that home health services provided to a patient be provided to the patient on a visiting basis in a place of residence used as the individual's home. A licensed/certified day care center does not meet the definition of a place of residence.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence C. State Licensure/Certification of Day Care Facilities: Per Section 1861(m) of the Act, an adult day care center must be either licensed or certified by the State or accredited by a private accrediting body. State licensure or certification as an adult day care facility must be based on State interpretations of its process.

For example, several States do not license adult day care facilities as a whole, but do certify some entities as Medicaid certified centers for purposes of providing adult day care under the Medicaid home and community based waiver program. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence C. State Licensure/Certification of Day Care Facilities: It is the responsibility of the State to determine the necessary criteria for

"State certification" in such a situation. A State could determine that Medicaid certification is an acceptable standard and consider its Medicaid certified adult day care facilities to be "State certified." On the other hand, a State could determine Medicaid certification to be insufficient and require other conditions to be met before the adult day care facility is considered "State certified".

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.1.2 Patients Place of Residence D. Determination of the Therapeutic, Medical or Psychosocial Treatment of the Patient at the Day Care Facility It is not the obligation of the HHA to determine whether the adult day care facility is providing psychosocial treatment, but only to assure that the adult day care center is licensed/certified by the State or accrediting body.

The intent of the law, in extending the homebound exception status to attendance at such adult day care facilities, recognizes that they ordinarily furnish psychosocial services. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2 - Services are Provided Under a Plan of Care Established and Approved by a Physician. (Rev. 1, 10-01-03) (A3-3117.2, HHA-204.2) 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of

Home Health Services 30.2.1 Content of the Plan of Care: The HHA must be acting upon a physician plan of care that meets the requirements of this section for HHA services to be covered. The plan of care must contain all pertinent diagnoses, including: The patient's mental status; The types of services, supplies, and equipment required; The frequency of the visits to be made; Prognosis; Rehabilitation potential; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of

Home Health Services 30.2.1 Content of the Plan of Care: The plan of care must contain all pertinent diagnoses, including continued: Functional limitations; Activities permitted; Nutritional requirements; All medications and treatments; Safety measures to protect against injury; Instructions for timely discharge or referral; and, Any additional items the HHA or physician chooses to include. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of

Home Health Services 30.2.1 Content of the Plan of Care: If the plan of care includes a course of treatment for therapy services: The course of therapy treatment must be established by the physician after any needed consultation with the qualified therapist; The plan must include measurable therapy treatment goals which pertain directly to the patients illness or injury, and the patients resultant impairments; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services

30.2.1 Content of the Plan of Care: If the plan of care includes a course of treatment for therapy services continued: The plan must include the expected duration of therapy services; and, The plan must describe a course of treatment which is consistent with the qualified therapists assessment of the patients function. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.2 Specificity of Orders: The orders on the plan of care must indicate the type of services

to be provided to the patient, both with respect to the professional who will provide them and the nature of the individual services, as well as the frequency of the services. NOTE: Nightingales calendar week is Sunday to Saturday when calculating the visits each week. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.2 Specificity of Orders: EXAMPLE 1: SN x 7/wk x 1 wk; 3/wk x 4 wk; 2/wk x 3 wk, (skilled nursing visits 7 times per week for 1 week; 3 times per week for 4 weeks; and 2 times per week for 3 weeks) for skilled observation

and evaluation of the surgical site, for teaching sterile dressing changes and to perform sterile dressing changes. The sterile change consists of (detail of procedure). 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.2 Specificity of Orders: EXAMPLE 1: Orders for care may indicate a specific range in the frequency of visits to ensure that the most appropriate level of services is provided during the 60-day episode to home health patients. When a range of visits is ordered, the upper limit of the range

is considered the specific frequency. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.2 Specificity of Orders: EXAMPLE 2: SN x 2-4/wk x 4 wk; 1-2/wk x 4 wk for skilled observation and evaluation of the surgical site. Orders for services to be furnished "as needed" or "PRN" must be accompanied by a description of the patient's medical signs and symptoms that would occasion a visit and a specific limit on the number of those visits to be made under the order before an additional physician order would

have to be obtained. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.3 Who signs the Plan of Care: The physician who signs the plan of care must be qualified to sign the physician certification as described in 42 CFR 424.22. Definition for Federal Regulations in: 42 CFR 424.22 424.22 Requirements for home health services. Medicare Part A

or Part B pays for home health services only if a physician certifies and recertifies the content specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(2) of this section, as appropriate. (a) Certification (1) Content of certification. As a condition for payment of home health services under Medicare Part A or Medicare Part B, a physician must certify as follows: Definition for Federal Regulations in: 42 CFR 424.22 (i) The individual needs or needed intermittent skilled nursing care, or physical or speech therapy, or (for the period from July through November 30, 1981) occupational therapy. If a patient's underlying condition or complication requires a registered nurse to ensure that essential non-skilled

care is achieving its purpose, and necessitates a registered nurse be involved in the development, management, and evaluation of a patient's care plan, the physician will include a brief narrative describing the clinical justification of this need. If the narrative is part of the certification or recertification form, then the narrative must be located immediately prior to the physician's signature. If the narrative exists as an addendum to the certification or recertification form, in addition to the physician's signature on the certification or recertification form, the physician must sign immediately following the narrative in the addendum. Definition for Federal Regulations in: 42 CFR 424.22 (ii) Home health services were required because the individual was confined to the home except when receiving outpatient

services. (iii) A plan for furnishing the services has been established and is periodically reviewed by a physician who is a doctor of medicine, osteopathy, or podiatric medicine, and who is not precluded from performing this function under paragraph (d) of this section. (A doctor of podiatric medicine may perform only plan of treatment functions that are consistent with the functions he or she is authorized to perform under State law.) Definition for Federal Regulations in: 42 CFR 424.22 (iv) The services were furnished while the individual was under the care of a physician who is a doctor of medicine, osteopathy, or podiatric medicine. 1

Definition for Federal Regulations in: 42 CFR 424.22 (v) The physician responsible for performing the initial certification must document that the face-to-face patient encounter, which is related to the primary reason the patient requires home health services, has occurred no more than 90 days prior to the home health start of care date or within 30 days of the start of the home health care by including the date of the encounter, and including an explanation of why the clinical findings of such encounter support that the patient is homebound and in need of either intermittent skilled nursing services or therapy services as defined in 409.42(a) and (c) of this chapter, respectively. Definition for Federal Regulations in: 42 CFR 424.22

(v continued) The face-to-face encounter must be performed by the certifying physician himself or herself, by a nurse practitioner, a clinical nurse specialist (as those terms are defined in section 1861(aa)(5) of the Act) who is working in collaboration with the physician in accordance with State law, a certified nurse midwife (as defined in section 1861(gg)of the Act) as authorized by State law, a physician assistant (as defined in section 1861(aa)(5) of the Act) under the supervision of the physician, or, for patients admitted to home health immediately after an acute or post-acute stay, the physician who cared for the patient in an acute or post-acute facility and who has privileges at the facility. The documentation of the face-to-face patient encounter must be a separate and distinct section of, or an addendum to, the certification, and must be clearly titled, dated and signed by the certifying physician.

Definition for Federal Regulations in: 42 CFR 424.22 (A) If the certifying physician does not perform the face-to-face encounter himself or herself, the nonphysician practitioner or the physician who cared for the patient in an acute or post-acute facility performing the face-to-face encounter must communicate the clinical findings of that face-to-face patient encounter to such certifying physician. (B) If a face-to-face patient encounter occurred within 90 days of the start of care but is not related to the primary reason the patient requires home health services, or the patient has not seen the certifying physician or allowed nonphysician practitioner within the 90 days prior to the start of the home health episode, the certifying physician or nonphysician practitioner must have a face to face encounter with the patient within 30 days of the start of the home health care.

Definition for Federal Regulations in: 42 CFR 424.22 (C) The face-to-face patient encounter may occur through telehealth, in compliance with Section 1834(m) of the Act and subject to the list of payable Medicare telehealth services established by the applicable physician fee schedule regulation. (D) The physician responsible for certifying the patient for home care must document the face-to-face encounter on the certification itself, or as an addendum to the certification (as described in paragraph (a)(1)(v) of this section), that the condition for which the patient was being treated in the face-to-face patient encounter is related to the primary reason the patient requires home health services, and why the clinical findings of such encounter support that the patient is homebound and in need of either

intermittent skilled nursing services or therapy services as defined in 409.42(a) and (c) respectively. The documentation must be clearly titled, dated and signed by the certifying physician. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.4 Timeliness of Signature A. Initial Percentage Payment: If a physician signed plan of care is not available at the beginning of the episode, the HHA may submit a RAP for the initial percentage payment based on physician verbal orders OR a referral prescribing detailed orders for the services to be rendered that is signed and dated by the physician.

If the RAP submission is based on physician verbal orders, the verbal order must be recorded in the plan of care, include a description of the patient's condition and the services to be provided by the home health agency, include an attestation (relating to the physician's orders and the date received per 42 CFR 409.43), 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.4 Timeliness of Signature A. Initial Percentage Payment: and the plan of care is copied and immediately submitted to the physician. A billable visit must be rendered prior to the

submission of a RAP. The physician who signs the plan of care must be qualified to sign the physician certification as described in 42 CFR 424.22. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.4 Timeliness of Signature B. Final Percentage Payment: The plan of care must be signed and dated by a physician as described who meets the certification and recertification requirements of 42 CFR 424.22 and before the claim for each episode for services is submitted for the final percentage payment.

Any changes in the plan of care must be signed and dated by a physician. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.5 Use of Oral (Verbal) Orders: When services are furnished based on a physician's oral order, the orders may be accepted and put in writing by personnel authorized to do so by applicable State and Federal laws and regulations as well as by the HHA's internal policies. The orders must be signed and dated with the date of receipt by the registered nurse or qualified therapist (i.e., physical therapist, speech-language pathologist, occupational

therapist, or medical social worker) responsible for furnishing or supervising the ordered services. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.5 Use of Oral (Verbal) Orders: The orders may be signed by the supervising registered nurse or qualified therapist after the services have been rendered, as long as HHA personnel who receive the oral orders notify that nurse or therapist before the service is rendered. Thus, the rendering of a service that is based on an oral order would not be delayed pending signature of the supervising nurse or therapist. Oral orders must be countersigned and

dated by the physician before the HHA bills for the care in the same way as the plan of care. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.5 Use of Oral (Verbal) Orders: Services which are provided from the beginning of the 60-day episode certification period based on a request for anticipated payment and before the physician signs the plan of care are considered to be provided under a plan of care established and approved by the physician where there is an oral order for the care prior to rendering the services which is documented in the medical record and where the services

are included in a signed plan of care. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.5 Use of Oral (Verbal) Orders: Services that are provided in the subsequent 60-day episode certification period are considered provided under the plan of care of the subsequent 60-day episode where there is an oral order before the services provided in the subsequent period are furnished and the order is reflected in the medical record. However, services that are provided after the expiration of the plan of care, but before the acquisition of an oral order or a signed plan of care are not considered provided under a

plan of care. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.5 Use of Oral (Verbal) Orders: EXAMPLE 1: The HHA acquires an oral order for I.V. medication administration for a patient to be performed on August 1. The HHA provides the I.V. medication administration August 1 and evaluates the patient's need for continued care. The physician signs the plan of care for the I.V. medication administration on August 15. The visit is covered since it is considered provided under a

plan of care established and approved by the physician, and the HHA had acquired an oral order prior to the delivery of services. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.5 Use of Oral (Verbal) Orders: EXAMPLE 2: The patient is under a plan of care in which the physician orders I.V. medication administration every 2 weeks. The last day covered by the initial plan of care is July 31.

The patient's next I.V. medication administration is scheduled for August 5 and the physician signs the plan of care for the new period on August 1. The I.V. medication administration on August 5 was provided under a plan of care established and approved by the physician. The episode begins on the 61 day regardless of the date of the first covered visit. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.5 Use of Oral (Verbal) Orders: EXAMPLE 3:

The patient is under a plan of care in which the physician orders I.V. medication administration every 2 weeks. The last day covered by the plan of care is July 31. The patient's next I.V. medication administration is scheduled for August 5 and the physician does not sign the plan of care until August 6. The HHA acquires an oral order for the I.V. medication administration before the August 5 visit, and therefore the visit is considered to be provided under a plan of care established and approved by the physician.

The episode begins on the 61 day regardless of the date of the first covered visit. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.5 Use of Oral (Verbal) Orders: Any increase in the frequency of services or addition of new services during a certification period must be authorized by a physician by way of a written or oral order prior to the provision of the increased or additional services 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services

30.2.6 Frequency of Review of the Plan of Care: The plan of care must be reviewed and signed by the physician who established the plan of care, in consultation with HHA professional personnel, at least every 60 days. Each review of a patient's plan of care must contain the signature of the physician and the date of review.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.7 Facsimile Signatures: The plan of care or oral order may be transmitted by facsimile machine. The HHA is not required to have the original signature on file. However, the HHA is responsible for obtaining original signatures if an issue surfaces that would require verification of an original signature.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.8 Alternate Signatures: HHAs that maintain patient records by computer rather than hard copy may use electronic signatures. However, all such entries must be appropriately authenticated and dated. Authentication must include signatures, written initials, or computer secure entry by a unique identifier of a primary author who has reviewed and approved the entry. The HHA must have safeguards to prevent unauthorized access to the records and a process for reconstruction of the

records in the event of a system breakdown. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.9 Termination of the Plan of Care Qualifying Services: The plan of care is considered to be terminated if the patient does not receive at least one covered skilled nursing, physical therapy, speech-language pathology service, or occupational therapy visit in a 60-day period since these are qualifying services for the home health benefit. An exception is if the physician documents that the interval without such care is appropriate to the treatment of the

patient's illness or injury. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.10 Sequence of Qualifying Services and Other Medicare Covered Home Health Services: Once patient eligibility has been confirmed and the plan of care contains physician orders for the qualifying service as well as other Medicare covered home health services, the qualifying service does not have to be rendered prior to the other Medicare covered home health services ordered in the plan of care. The sequence of visits performed by the disciplines must be dictated by the individual patient's plan of care.

For example, for an eligible patient in an initial 60-day episode that has both physical therapy and occupational therapy orders in the plan of care, the sequence of the delivery of the type of therapy is irrelevant as long as the need for the qualifying service is established prior to the delivery of other Medicare covered services and the qualifying discipline provides a billable visit prior to transfer or discharge in accordance with 42 CFR 409.43(f). 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.2.10 Sequence of Qualifying Services and Other Medicare Covered Home Health Services: NOTE: Dependent services provided after the final qualifying skilled service

are not covered under the home health benefit, except when the dependent service was followed by a qualifying skilled service as a result of the unexpected inpatient admission or death of the patient or due to some other unanticipated event. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.3 Under the Care of a Physician: The patient must be under the care of a physician who is qualified to sign the physician certification and plan of care in accordance with 42 CFR 424.22. Note: previous slides for definition of 42 CFR 424.22 A patient is expected to be under the care of the physician who signs the plan of care. It is expected that in most instances, the physician who certifies the

patients eligibility for Medicare home health services, in accordance with 30.5 below, will be the same physician who establishes and signs the plan of care. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.4 Needs Skilled Nursing Care on an Intermittent Basis (Other than Solely Venipuncture for the Purposes of Obtaining a Blood Sample), Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology Services, or Has Continued Need for Occupational Therapy: The patient must need one of the following types of services: 1. Skilled nursing care that is Reasonable and necessary as defined in 40.1;

Needed on an "intermittent" based as defined in 40.1; and, Not solely needed for venipuncture for the purposes of obtaining blood sample as defined in 40.1.2.13;or Physical therapy as defined in 40.2.2; or Speech-language pathology services as defined in 40.2.3; or Have a continuing need for occupational therapy as defined in 40.2.4. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.4 Needs Skilled Nursing Care on an Intermittent Basis (Other than Solely Venipuncture for the Purposes of Obtaining a Blood Sample), Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology Services, or Has Continued Need for Occupational Therapy:

2. The patient has a continued need for occupational therapy when: The services which the patient requires meet the definition of "occupational therapy" services of 40.2, and The patient's eligibility for home health services has been established by virtue of a prior need for skilled nursing care (other than solely venipuncture for the purposes of obtaining a blood sample), speechlanguage pathology services, or physical therapy in the current or prior certification period. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.4 Needs Skilled Nursing Care on an Intermittent Basis (Other than Solely Venipuncture for the Purposes of Obtaining a Blood Sample), Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology Services, or Has Continued Need for Occupational

Therapy: EXAMPLE: A patient who is recovering from a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) has an initial plan of care that called for physical therapy, speech-language pathology services, and home health aide services. In the next certification period, the physician orders only occupational therapy and home health aide services because the patient no longer needs the skills of a physical therapist or a speech-language pathologist, but needs the services provided by the occupational therapist.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.4 Needs Skilled Nursing Care on an Intermittent Basis (Other than Solely Venipuncture for the Purposes of Obtaining a Blood Sample), Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology Services, or Has Continued Need for Occupational Therapy: EXAMPLE continued: The patient's need for occupational therapy qualifies him for home health services, including home health aide services (presuming that all other qualifying criteria are met).

The patient has a continued need for occupational therapy when: The services which the patient requires meet the definition of "occupational therapy" services of 40.2, and The patient's eligibility for home health services has been established by virtue of a prior need for skilled nursing care (other than solely venipuncture for the purposes of obtaining a blood sample), speech-language pathology services, or physical therapy in the current or prior certification period. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 Physician Certification and Recertification of Patient Eligibility for Medicare Home Health Services: The HHA must be acting upon a plan of care as described in 30.2, and a

physician certification or recertification that meets the requirements of the following sections in order for HHA services to be covered. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1 Physician Certification: A certification (versus recertification) is considered to be anytime that a Start of Care OASIS is completed to initiate care. In such instances, a physician must certify (attest) that: 1. The home health services are or were needed because the patient is or was confined to the home as defined in 30.1; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of

Home Health Services 30.5 .1 Physician Certification: A certification (versus recertification) is considered to be anytime that a Start of Care OASIS is completed to initiate care. In such instances, a physician must certify (attest) that: 2. The patient needs or needed skilled nursing services on an intermittent basis (other than solely venipuncture for the purposes of obtaining a blood sample), or physical therapy, or speech-language pathology services. Where a patients sole skilled service need is for skilled oversight of unskilled services (management and evaluation of the care plan as defined in 40.1.2.2), the physician must include a brief narrative describing the clinical justification of this need as part of the certification, or as a signed addendum to the certification;

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1 Physician Certification: A certification (versus recertification) is considered to be anytime that a Start of Care OASIS is completed to initiate care. In such instances, a physician must certify (attest) that: 3. A plan of care has been established and is periodically reviewed by a physician; 4. The services are or were furnished while the patient is or was under the care of a physician; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of

Home Health Services 30.5 .1 Physician Certification: A certification (versus recertification) is considered to be anytime that a Start of Care OASIS is completed to initiate care. In such instances, a physician must certify (attest) that: 5. For episodes with starts of care beginning January 1, 2011 and later, in accordance with 30.5.1.1 below, a face-to-face encounter occurred no more than 90 days prior to or within 30 days after the start of the home health care, was related to the primary reason the patient requires home health services, and was performed by an allowed provider type. The certifying physician must also document the date of the encounter. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of

Home Health Services 30.5 .1 Physician Certification: If the patient is starting home health directly after discharge from an acute/post-acute care setting where the physician, with privileges, that cared for the patient in that setting is certifying the patients eligibility for the home health benefit, but will not be following the patient after discharge, then the certifying physician must identify the community physician who will be following the patient after discharge. One of the criteria that must be met for a patient to be considered eligible for the home health benefit is that the patient must be under the care of a physician (number 4 listed above). Otherwise, the certification is not valid. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of

Home Health Services 30.5 .1.1 Face to Face Encounter: 1. Allowed Provider Types As part of the certification of patient eligibility for the Medicare home health benefit, a face-to-face encounter with the patient must be performed by the certifying physician himself or herself, a physician that cared for the patient in the acute or post-acute care facility (with privileges who cared for the patient in an acute or post-acute care facility from which the patient was directly admitted to home health) or an allowed non- physician practitioner (NPP). 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.1 Face to Face Encounter:

NPPs who are allowed to perform the encounter are: A nurse practitioner or a clinical nurse specialist working in accordance with State law and in collaboration with the certifying physician or in collaboration with an acute or postacute care physician, with privileges, who cared for the patient in the acute or post-acute care facility from which the patient was directly admitted to home health; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.1 Face to Face Encounter: NPPs who are allowed to perform the encounter are: A certified nurse midwife, as authorized by State law, under the supervision of the certifying physician or under the

supervision of an acute or post-acute care physician with privileges who cared for the patient in the acute or post-acute care facility from which the patient was directly admitted to home health; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.1 Face to Face Encounter: 2. Timeframe Requirements The encounter must occur no more than 90 days prior to the home health start of care date or within 30 days after the start of care.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.1 Face to Face Encounter: 2. Timeframe Requirements In situations when a physician orders home health care for the patient based on a new condition that was not evident during a visit within the 90 days prior to start of care, the certifying physician or an allowed NPP must see the patient again within 30 days after admission. Specifically, if a patient saw the certifying physician or NPP within the 90 days prior to start of care, another encounter would be needed if the patients condition had changed to the extent that standards of

practice would indicate that the physician or a non-physician practitioner should examine the patient in order to establish an effective treatment plan. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.1 Face to Face Encounter: 3. Exceptional Circumstances: When a home health patient dies shortly after admission, before the face-to-face encounter occurs, if the contractor determines a good faith effort existed on the part of the HHA to facilitate/coordinate the encounter and if all other certification requirements are met, the certification is deemed to be

complete. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.1 Face to Face Encounter: 4. Telehealth: The face-to-face encounter can be performed via a telehealth service, in an approved originating site. An originating site is considered to be the location of an eligible Medicare beneficiary at the time the service being furnished via a telecommunications system occurs. Medicare beneficiaries are eligible for telehealth services only if they are presented from an originating site located in a rural

health professional shortage area or in a county outside of a Metropolitan Statistical Area. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.1 Face to Face Encounter: 4. Telehealth: Entities that participate in a Federal telemedicine demonstration project approved by (or receiving funding from) the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services as of December 31, 2000, qualify as originating sites regardless of geographic location.

30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.1 Face to Face Encounter: 4. Telehealth: The originating sites authorized by law are: The office of a physician or practitioner; Hospitals; Critical Access Hospitals (CAH); Rural Health Clinics (RHC); Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC); Hospital-based or CAH-based Renal Dialysis Centers (including satellites); Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNF); and

Community Mental Health Centers (CMHC). 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.2 Supporting Documentation Requirements: As of January 1, 2015, documentation in the certifying physicians medical records and/or the acute /post-acute care facilitys medical records (if the patient was directly admitted to home health) will be used as the basis upon which patient eligibility for the Medicare home health benefit will be determined. Documentation from the certifying physicians medical records and/or the

acute /post-acute care facilitys medical records (if the patient was directly admitted to home health) used to support the certification of home health eligibility must be provided, upon request, to the home health agency, review entities, and/or the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.2 Supporting Documentation Requirements: In turn, an HHA must be able to provide, upon request, the supporting documentation that substantiates the eligibility for the Medicare home health benefit to review entities and/or CMS.

If the documentation used as the basis for the certification of eligibility is not sufficient to demonstrate that the patient is or was eligible to receive services under the Medicare home health benefit, payment will not be rendered for home health services provided. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.2 Supporting Documentation Requirements: The certifying physician and/or the acute/post-acute care facility medical record (if the patient was directly admitted to home health) for the patient must contain information that justifies the referral for Medicare home health services.

This includes documentation that substantiates the patients: Need for the skilled services; and Homebound status; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.2 Supporting Documentation Requirements: The certifying physician and/or the acute/post-acute care facility medical record (if the patient was directly admitted to home health) for the patient must contain the actual clinical note for the face-to-face encounter visit that demonstrates that the encounter: Occurred within the required timeframe,

Was related to the primary reason the patient requires home health services; and Was performed by an allowed provider type. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 .1.2 Supporting Documentation Requirements: This information can be found most often in clinical and progress notes and discharge summaries. Information from the HHA, such as the initial and/or comprehensive assessment of the patient required per 42 CFR 484.55, can be incorporated into the certifying physicians medical record for the patient and used to support the

patients homebound status and need for skilled care. However, this information must be corroborated by other medical record entries in the certifying physicians and/or the acute/post-acute care facilitys medical record for the patient. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 2 Physician Recertification: At the end of the 60-day episode, a decision must be made whether or not to recertify the patient for a subsequent 60-day episode. An eligible beneficiary who qualifies for a subsequent 60-day episode would start the subsequent 60-day episode on

day 61. Under HH PPS, the plan of care must be reviewed and signed by the physician every 60 days unless one of the following occurs: A beneficiary transfers to another HHA; or A discharge and return to home health during the 60-day episode. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 2 Physician Recertification: The physician must include an estimate of how much longer the skilled services will be required and must certify (attest) that: 1. The home health services are or were needed because the

patient is or was confined to the home as defined in 30.1; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 2 Physician Recertification: 2. The patient needs or needed skilled nursing services on an intermittent basis (other than solely venipuncture for the purposes of obtaining a blood sample), or physical therapy, or speech-language pathology services; or continues to need occupational therapy after the need for skilled nursing care, physical therapy, or speech-language pathology services ceased. Where a patients sole skilled service need is for skilled oversight of unskilled services (management and evaluation of the care plan as defined in 40.1.2.2), the physician must include a brief narrative describing the clinical justification of

this need as part of the recertification, or as a signed addendum to the recertification; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 2 Physician Recertification: 3. A plan of care has been established and is periodically reviewed by a physician; and 4. The services are or were furnished while the patient is or was under the care of a physician. Medicare does not limit the number of continuous episode recertifications for beneficiaries who continue to be eligible for the home health benefit. The physician certification may cover a period less than but not greater than 60

days. See 10.4 for counting initial and subsequent 60-day episodes. See 10.5 for recertifications for split percentage payments. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 3 Who May Sign the Certification or Recertification: At the end of the 60-day episode, a decision must be made whether or not to recertify the patient for a subsequent 60-day episode. An eligible beneficiary who qualifies for a subsequent 60-day episode would start the subsequent 60-day episode on day 61. Under HH PPS, the plan of care must be reviewed and signed by the

physician every 60 days unless one of the following occurs: A beneficiary transfers to another HHA; or A discharge and return to home health during the 60-day episode. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 3 Who May Sign the Certification or Recertification: The physician must include an estimate of how much longer the skilled services will be required and must certify (attest) that: 1. The home health services are or were needed because the patient is or was confined to the home as defined in 30.1; 2. The patient needs or needed skilled nursing services on an intermittent

basis (other than solely venipuncture for the purposes of obtaining a blood sample), or physical therapy, or speech-language pathology services; or continues to need occupational therapy after the need for skilled nursing care, physical therapy, or speech-language pathology services ceased. Where a patients sole skilled service need is for skilled oversight of unskilled services (management and evaluation of the care plan as defined in 40.1.2.2), the physician must include a brief narrative describing the clinical justification of this need as part of the recertification, or as a signed addendum to the recertification; 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 3 Who May Sign the Certification or Recertification:

The physician must include an estimate of how much longer the skilled services will be required and must certify (attest) that: 3. A plan of care has been established and is periodically reviewed by a physician; and 4. The services are or were furnished while the patient is or was under the care of a physician. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 3 Who May Sign the Certification or Recertification: Medicare does not limit the number of continuous episode recertifications for beneficiaries who continue to be eligible for the home health benefit. The physician certification may cover a

period less than but not greater than 60 days. See 10.4 for counting initial and subsequent 60-day episodes. See 10.5 for recertifications for split percentage payments. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 3 Who May Sign the Certification or Recertification: The physician who signs the certification or recertification must be permitted to do so by 42 CFR 424.22. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 4 Physician Billing for Certification and Recertification:

Physician certification/recertification claims are Part B physician claims paid for under the Physician Fee Schedule. These claims are billed using HCPCS codes G0180 (certification) or G0179 (re-certification). The descriptions of these two codes indicate that they are used to bill for certification or recertification of patient eligibility for Medicare-covered home health services under a home health plan of care (patient not present), including contacts with the HHA and review of reports of patient status required by physicians to affirm the initial implementation of the plan of care that meets patient's needs, per certification period. 30 Conditions Patient Must Meet to Quality for Coverage of Home Health Services 30.5 . 4 Physician Billing for Certification and Recertification:

As noted above, these codes are for physician certification or recertification for Medicare-covered home health services. If there are no Medicare-covered home health services, these codes should not be billed or paid. As such, physician claims for certification/recertification of eligibility for home health services (G0180 and G0179, respectively) will not be covered if the HHA claim itself was non-covered because the certification/recertification of eligibility was not complete or because there was insufficient documentation to support that the patient was eligible for the Medicare home health benefit. QUESTIONS

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