My Thoughts on 9/11

My Thoughts on 9/11

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow American Poet America Life Time Events 1760 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 Longfellow 1860 1880 1776 1801 1839 1861-1864 Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson is President Photography Invented Civil War 1783 1804 1842 1876

Revolutionary War Ends Louis and Clark Expedition Children under age 12 10hr. Work Day Telephone Invented 1780 1800 1820 1807 1840 1820 1836 Longfellow Publishes 1st Professor at Born poem at age 13 Harvard 1860 1880 1855 Wrote Song of Hiawatha 1882 Longfellow Dies in 1822 1860 Maine Enters college at age 15

Wrote Midnight Ride of Paul Revere 1825 1861 Graduates college and becomes a professor at age 18 Wife killed in a fire; his burns cause him to grow his legendary beard Why is he so famous? First, his lines are easy to remember and well find that we can recall them throughout our life. Second, Longfellow wrote on themes which appeal to all kinds of people and they are easily understood. Third, he was among the first of American writers to use truly authentic American themes. He wrote about the American landscape, the American Indian ('Song of Hiawatha'), and American history and tradition (The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere, 'The Courtship of Miles Standish', 'Evangeline'). The people of America had spent their years and their energies in carving out a living in in the wilderness and in fighting for independence. Literature, art, and music came mainly from Europe and especially from England. Nothing was considered worthy of attention unless it came from Europe. Longfellow showed the world that the new nation now had something to say through its own style of writing. The publication of 'Hiawatha' caused the greatest excitement. For the first time in American literature, Indian themes gained recognition as sources of imagination, power, and originality. This long poem begins with Gitche Matino, the Great Spirit, commanding his people to live in peace and tells how Hiawatha is born. It ends with the coming of the white man and Hiawatha's death. The appeal of 'Hiawatha' for generations of children and young people gives it an enduring place in world literature. Much tribute is due him as a teacher. As a college professor, Longfellow was able to travel the world. He brought his experiences back to the new country and shared his knowledge with his young students. Just as he served America in making the world aware of its literary greatness, he also presented to his students the literary greatness of Europe. The years following his retirement were filled with honors. He was given honorary degrees at the great universities of England: Oxford and Cambridge. He was invited to Windsor Castle by Queen Victoria of England, and he was chosen to be a member of the Russian Academy of Arts and Sciences as well as the Spanish Academy. Edited from a biography written by Roberto Rabe , Auburn University The Song of Hiawatha Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 . Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library Part 1 Chapter 1 The Peace-Pipe Chapter 2 II The Four Winds Chapter 3 III Hiawatha's Childhood Chapter 4 IV Hiawatha and Mudjekeewis Chapter 5 V Hiawatha's Fasting Chapter 6 VI Hiawatha's Friends Chapter 7 VII Hiawatha's Sailing

Chapter 8 VIII Hiawatha's Fishing Chapter 9 IX Hiawatha and the Pearl-Feather Chapter 10 X Hiawatha's Wooing Footnotes Notes Wallace Rice Part 2 Chapter 11 XI Hiawatha's Wedding-Feast Chapter 12 XII The Son of the Evening Star Chapter 13 XIII Blessing the Cornfields Chapter 14 XIV Picture-Writing Chapter 15 XV Hiawatha's Lamentation Chapter 16 XVI Pau-Puk-Keewis Chapter 17 XVII The Hunting of Pau-Puk-Keewis Chapter 18 XVIII The Death of Kwasind Chapter 19 XIX The Ghosts Chapter 20 XX The Famine Chapter 21 XXI The White Man's Foot Chapter 22 XXII Hiawatha's Departure Footnotes Notes Wallace Rice The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere Listen my children and you shall hear Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere, On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five; Hardly a man is now alive Who remembers that famous day and year. He said to his friend, "If the British march By land or sea from the town to-night, Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch Of the North Church tower as a signal light,-One if by land, and two if by sea; And I on the opposite shore will be, Ready to ride and spread the alarm Through every Middlesex village and farm, For the country folk to be up and to arm." Then he said "Good-night!" and with muffled oar Silently rowed to the Charlestown shore, Just as the moon rose over the bay, Where swinging wide at her moorings lay The Somerset, British man-of-war; A phantom ship, with each mast and spar Across the moon like a prison bar, And a huge black hulk, that was magnified By its own reflection in the tide. Meanwhile, his friend through alley and street Wanders and watches, with eager ears, Till in the silence around him he hears The muster of men at the barrack door, The sound of arms, and the tramp of feet, And the measured tread of the grenadiers, Marching down to their boats on the shore. Then he climbed the tower of the Old North Church, By the wooden stairs, with stealthy tread,

To the belfry chamber overhead, And startled the pigeons from their perch On the sombre rafters, that round him made Masses and moving shapes of shade,-By the trembling ladder, steep and tall, To the highest window in the wall, Where he paused to listen and look down A moment on the roofs of the town And the moonlight flowing over all. Beneath, in the churchyard, lay the dead, In their night encampment on the hill, Wrapped in silence so deep and still That he could hear, like a sentinel's tread, The watchful night-wind, as it went Creeping along from tent to tent, And seeming to whisper, "All is well!" A moment only he feels the spell Of the place and the hour, and the secret dread Of the lonely belfry and the dead; For suddenly all his thoughts are bent On a shadowy something far away, Where the river widens to meet the bay,-A line of black that bends and floats On the rising tide like a bridge of boats. Meanwhile, impatient to mount and ride, Booted and spurred, with a heavy stride On the opposite shore walked Paul Revere. Now he patted his horse's side, Now he gazed at the landscape far and near, Then, impetuous, stamped the earth, And turned and tightened his saddle girth; But mostly he watched with eager search The belfry tower of the Old North Church, As it rose above the graves on the hill, Lonely and spectral and sombre and still. And lo! as he looks, on the belfry's height A glimmer, and then a gleam of light! He springs to the saddle, the bridle he turns, But lingers and gazes, till full on his sight A second lamp in the belfry burns. A hurry of hoofs in a village street, A shape in the moonlight, a bulk in the dark, And beneath, from the pebbles, in passing, a spark Struck out by a steed flying fearless and fleet; That was all! And yet, through the gloom and the light, The fate of a nation was riding that night; And the spark struck out by that steed, in his flight, Kindled the land into flame with its heat. He has left the village and mounted the steep, And beneath him, tranquil and broad and deep, Is the Mystic, meeting the ocean tides; And under the alders that skirt its edge,

Now soft on the sand, now loud on the ledge, Is heard the tramp of his steed as he rides. It was twelve by the village clock When he crossed the bridge into Medford town. He heard the crowing of the cock, And the barking of the farmer's dog, And felt the damp of the river fog, That rises after the sun goes down. It was one by the village clock, When he galloped into Lexington. He saw the gilded weathercock Swim in the moonlight as he passed, And the meeting-house windows, black and bare, Gaze at him with a spectral glare, As if they already stood aghast At the bloody work they would look upon. It was two by the village clock, When he came to the bridge in Concord town. He heard the bleating of the flock, And the twitter of birds among the trees, And felt the breath of the morning breeze Blowing over the meadow brown. And one was safe and asleep in his bed Who at the bridge would be first to fall, Who that day would be lying dead, Pierced by a British musket ball. You know the rest. In the books you have read How the British Regulars fired and fled,--How the farmers gave them ball for ball, From behind each fence and farmyard wall, Chasing the redcoats down the lane, Then crossing the fields to emerge again Under the trees at the turn of the road, And only pausing to fire and load. So through the night rode Paul Revere;= And so through the night went his cry of alarm To every Middlesex village and farm,--A cry of defiance, and not of fear, A voice in the darkness, a knock at the door, And a word that shall echo for evermore! For, borne on the night-wind of the Past, Through all our history, to the last, In the hour of darkness and peril and need, The people will waken and listen to hear The hurrying hoof-beats of that steed, And the midnight message of Paul Revere. Hiawathas Legacy

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