OFFICE OF EDUCATOR QUALITY MASS Summer Conference July 2015 1 Equity Access to Excellent Educators EQUITY ACCESS MDE Office of Educator Quality 2 Equity Access to Excellent Educators
Teachers are the single most important school-based factor affecting student achievement.1 Low-income students and students of color are disproportionately located in the lowest-performing schools, which have half as many highly effective and 1.5 times as many ineffective teachers as highperforming schools.2 Providing high-need students with equitable access to effective teachers is a strategy that can close the achievement gap. High-need students means students at risk of educational failure or otherwise in need of special assistance and support, such as students who are living in poverty, who attend high-minority schools, who are far below grade level, who have left school before receiving a regular high school diploma, who are at risk of not graduating with a diploma on time, who are homeless, who are in foster care, who have been incarcerated, who have disabilities, or who are English language learners. 3
MDE Office of Educator Quality 3 Development of Teachers Although the problem of inequitable access may begin with the supply of teachers, it compounds over time as new teachers develop their skills.3 In low-poverty, low-minority schools, teachers develop more quickly and improve over a longer period of time more often than in high-poverty, high-minority schools.4 In low-poverty schools, teacher effectiveness increases with experience, particularly from years 6 to 12; whereas teacher
effectiveness plateaus in high-poverty schools after 5 years of teaching.5 MDE Office of Educator Quality 4 Teacher Mobility and Attrition Teacher attrition is problematic because high levels of teacher turnover usually result in higher levels of teachers with little or no experience, who are on average less effective than their peers with at least 2 years of experience. To address the issue of inequitable access, we must also understand the impact initial placement has on a teachers career and student learning, the amount of
time he or she will stay in his or her initial placement and the reasoning behind his or her decision to transfer to another school or district or to leave the profession entirely. MDE Office of Educator Quality 5 State Data 2014-2015: 7.65% of teachers do not have previous teaching experience 25.43% of teachers have between 0-3 years are inexperienced Of the 55 school districts with 90% or more
free/reduced lunch status: 47 districts exceed state average of new/inexperienced teachers 9.84% of teachers are eligible to retire MDE Office of Educator Quality 6 State Data 14 School Districts employ 25% or more non-highly qualified teachers. All 14 of those districts are 100% free/reduced lunch based on 2014-15
snapshot data. MDE Office of Educator Quality 7 Conducting a Root Cause Analysis Ongoing Professional Learning Lack of Aligned Professional Learning Opportunities Teachers and principals may not have access to professional learning that is directly linked to their goals, needs, or content area or linked to the expectations included in the evaluation system. This situation not only negatively affects the districts ability to improve the practice of the existing teaching force but also limits opportunities for teacher advancement into leadership roles.
Inconsistent Induction and Mentoring Opportunities Stakeholders (including teacher and district personnel) shared that this challenge is especially relevant to new teachers, who often need higher levels of professional learning than their more veteran peers. MDE Office of Educator Quality 8 Conducting a Root Cause Analysis Teacher and Principal Preparation Well-prepared educators positively impact student achievement and have lower turnover rates, and thorough teacher and principal preparation provides candidates with the knowledge and skills they need for successful instruction and leadership.
Fiscal Equity High-need schools tend to face complicated resource needs at the school level (e.g., larger individualized education program costs, costs associated with behavioral issues, remedial education needs.) If available resources at these schools are systematically inadequate, their ability to maintain attractive school facilities and provide teachers with instructional and non-instructional supports will suffer, leading to high turnover. MDE Office of Educator Quality 9 No single strategy will solve the problem of inequity access. Those committed to
improving access will likely employ a combination of strategies to address root causes of inequity access. MDE Office of Educator Quality 10 Educator Licensure: LICENSURE AND ELMS MDE Office of Educator Quality 11
LICENSURE & ELMS Elementary Certification: Beginning September, 2016, all teachers seeking elementary certification through a traditional route program will be required to take and pass the Pearson Foundations of Reading assessment for certification. Information about that assessment can be found on the Educator Quality website. Beginning September 30, 2015, the Praxis I will no longer be accepted for certification. MDE Office of Educator Quality 12
LICENSURE & ELMS Student Intern License (101) Will certify all student teachers with a temporary license for student teaching only. Will require student teachers to abide by the MS Educator Code of Ethics. Proposed implementation: Fall 2015 MDE Office of Educator Quality 13 LICENSURE & ELMS
The requirements for ENTRY into a teacher preparation program have been revised (MS Code 37-3-2) and now require: Passing Praxis Core scores or 21 or above ACT scores Minimum GPA of 2.75 with a cohort GPA of 3.0 MDE Office of Educator Quality 14 LICENSURE & ELMS
Applications for certification (renewals, upgrades, reciprocity, etc.) are loaded into ELMS. Once the file is complete it is assigned to an analyst and processed in order based on the date the application was complete. There are 2,973 applications pending now (as of this morning). The turnaround time for processing applications is currently 20 business days. If you are awaiting certification to offer a job to a prospective teacher please use the contingent contract. If the educator fails to receive his/her license, the contract will become void in October. Things you should verify before issuing a contingent contract: Praxis scores and transcript confirming a degree
MDE Office of Educator Quality 15 LICENSURE & ELMS Applications in ELMS are considered confidential. Discussions about the contents of an educators file will only be conducted with the educator. MDE Office of Educator Quality 16
LICENSURE & ELMS Renewing licenses in ELMS CEUs must be obtained through an accredited CEU granting agency. Any Continuing Education Office at a college, university, or community/junior college is an accredited CEU granting agency. CEU credit for less than .5 should not be accepted. 10 hours = 1 CEU An annual audit will be conducted to verify renewals at the district level are compliant with SBE policy. An educators renewal will be void if proper documentation is not used to satisfy the requirements for renewal. MDE Office of Educator Quality
17 Educator Misconduct Reporting period for Superintendents 10 days Code of Ethics training Please conduct annually Common Reporting offenses: Texting Sexting Breach of Contract Inappropriate Relationships Physical Inappropriate Relationships Non-Physical Violation of Student Rights to Privacy and Religion. MDE Office of Educator Quality
18 Educator Evaluations Cerissa Neal Office of Educator Quality Federal and State Theory of Action MDE - Office of Educator Quality 20 The Goals of an Evaluation System
In theory, an evaluation system should identify and measure individual teachers strengths and weaknesses accurately and consistently, so that teachers get the feedback they need to improve their practice and so that schools can determine how best to allocate resources and provide support. Weisberg, D., Sexton, S., Mulhern, J., Keeling, D. (2009). The Widget Effect: Our National Failure to Acknowledge and Act on Differences in Teacher Effectiveness. Retrieved from the New Teacher Project: http:// tntp.org/publications/view/the-widget-effect-failure-to-act-on-differences-in-teacher-effectiveness MDE - Office of Educator Quality 21
Improving Teaching Practice Across the nation, states and districts are in the process of building better teacher evaluation systems that not only identify highly effective teachers but also systematically provide data and feedback that can be used to improve teacher practice. Goe, L., Holdheide, L., & Miller, T. (2011). A Practical Guide to Designing Comprehensive Teacher Evaluation Systems A Tool to Assist in the Development of Teacher Evaluation Systems. Retrieved from National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality: http://www.lauragoe.com/LauraGoe/practicalGuideEvalSystems.pdf MDE - Office of Educator Quality
22 Teacher Evaluation IS NOT a Silver Bullet Teacher evaluation systems alone are insufficient to improve instructional quality and increase student achievement. To be successful, reform efforts need to be coherent and aligned across the educator career continuum, beginning with recruitment and preparation, and extending to support, evaluation, and compensation. Angela Minnici The Mind Shift in Teacher Evaluation MDE - Office of Educator Quality
23 MS Board of Education Strategic Plan Goal 4 Strategy: Every School Has Effective Teachers and Leaders Implement with fidelity
Mississippi Teacher Evaluation System (MTES) and Mississippi Principal Evaluation System (MPES) and other educator evaluation systems. MDE - Office of Educator Quality 24 Educator Evaluations
Mississippi Teacher Evaluation System Mississippi Principal Evaluation System Mississippi Counselor Appraisal Rubric Mississippi Student Services Appraisal Rubric Mississippi Speech-Language Pathologist Assessment Mississippi Librarian Evaluation Instrument MDE - Office of Educator Quality 25
M-STAR Teacher Self-Assessment Walk-through Visits Formal Observations/Conferences Review of Artifacts Student Survey (optional) MDE - Office of Educator Quality
26 The Teacher Observation Cycle 1. Teacher Self-Assessment (optional) Based on the M-STAR standards 2. Walk-through (informal) Observations A minimum of two are required (at least five are recommended) Beyond the two required, the frequency and length of time of the walk-through visits are at the discretion of the school district. MDE - Office of Educator Quality
27 The Teacher Observation Cycle 3. Formal Observation and Conferences Pre-Observation Conference (optional) Discussion of the lesson to be observed Discussion of teacher self-assessment Formal Observation Two are recommended A minimum of one is required A minimum of 30 minutes Formal Post-Observation Conference Required after each formal observation
Discussion/Feedback Next Steps/professional growth plan 4. Student Surveys (optional) MDE - Office of Educator Quality 28 Rubric Overview Five domains (weighted equally) 1. Planning 2. Assessment 3. Instruction 4. Learning Environment 5. Professional Responsibilities
20 Standards MDE - Office of Educator Quality 29 Rubric MDE - Office of Educator Quality 30 Rubric MDE - Office of Educator Quality
31 Rubric Domain V Professional Responsibilities MDE - Office of Educator Quality 32 Performance Levels Performance ratings Level 4
Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 Description Level 4 is the most effective level of teacher performance. Rating at this level indicates that the teachers performance is exemplary; consistently exceeding expectations. Teachers who receive this rating should receive professional development and support to continue to grow and develop their skills. Level 3 is the expectation for all teachers. Rating at this level indicates the teachers performance consistently meets expectations. Teachers who receive this rating should receive professional development and support designed to
address the identified area(s) for growth. Level 2 indicates either a beginning teacher or a teacher who needs focused professional development. Rating at this level indicates the teacher is sometimes meeting expectations, but not doing so consistently. Teachers who receive this rating should receive professional development and support designed to address the identified area(s) of challenge. Level 1 is the least effective level of teacher performance. Rating at this level indicates the teachers performance is not acceptable. Teachers who receive this rating rarely meet expectations. Teachers who receive this rating should receive immediate and comprehensive professional development and support designed to address the identified area(s) for growth. MDE - Office of Educator Quality
33 M-STAR Standards Ratings Ratings for all twenty standards should be linked to the evidence collected during the formal observation(s), walk-through (informal) observations, artifact review, and post-observation conference(s). Pre-observation conferences and student surveys are optional methods of evidence collection. MDE - Office of Educator Quality 34
Example: Summative Observation Rating MDE - Office of Educator Quality 35 PRINCIPAL EVALUATION 36 MPES Target Dates MDE Office of Educator Quality
37 MS Principal Evaluation System In 2014-2015, the MDE began capturing MPES data in ELMS as the method chosen to monitor MPES implementation throughout the school year (federal requirement). *Note: Scores will be reported via SharePoint for the 20142015 MPES cycle due to the waiver that allows states respite from using student assessment data in educator evaluation for 2014-2015. MDE Office of Educator Quality 38
MPES-ELMS: Superintendent The superintendent (or his/her designee) creates a list of all school administrators in the district (which assigns the MPES module to them) The superintendent reports MPES scores at the end of the MPES cycle MDE Office of Educator Quality
39 MPES-ELMS: School Administrators School administrators log into ELMS after MPES conferences and enter required data in the MPES module Required data include: All goal-setting data Supervisor information Certified staff and student numbers Action plan completion
date Conference dates MDE Office of Educator Quality 40 Educator Misconduct Conducting Investigations 41 Educator Misconduct Conducting an Investigation MS Code 37-3-2 Certification of Teachers
and Administrators Obtain as much information as possible. The more information that is obtained the easier it becomes to make a decision. MDE Office of Educator Quality 42 Educator Misconduct Begin the investigation Immediately!
Secure Physical Evidence Photograph the scene of the event Document what happened Make a list of potential witnesses MDE Office of Educator Quality 43 Educator Misconduct Plan the Investigation Who is in charge of the investigation? What facts are needed to substantiate or prove
unsubstantiated the allegation? What documentation is available? Is there evidence that needs to be collected? Who should be interviewed? (What information is expected?) What other agencies (DHS, Police, District Attorney, etc.)? need to be involved What independent actions should the school system take immediately? MDE Office of Educator Quality 44 Educator Misconduct
Conducting and Investigation Questions to Ask: WHO was involved? WHAT happened? WHEN did it happen? WHERE did it happen? WHY did it happen?
HOW did it happen? MDE Office of Educator Quality 45 Educator Misconduct Interview Questions Avoid Leading Questions Do you remember X? Avoid Yes or No Questions. Were you at the gym on Friday? Ask: Where were you on Friday? Avoid Negative Wording
You dont remember X, do you? Allow the witness to talk. Ask: Tell me what you remember about MDE Office of Educator Quality 46 Educator Misconduct Interviewing Children Open-Ended Questions - avoid the use of questions that typically result in a Yes or No answer. Do not assume that you understand. If at first you dont understand what they are trying to tell you, ask them to restate what they want to say. Allow the child to move around, fiddle it allows the child feel they have some control.
Listen and observe nonverbal expressions. Indirect approaches work best with reluctant children. Encourage the child to expand, What happened next? and You were saying that ____ Adolescents - written statements are possibly more effective than interviews. They tend to express private feelings. MDE Office of Educator Quality 47 Educator Misconduct What to Report
Violations of Standard 1.2 (Misuse or mismanagement of tests or test materials) that affect the validity of mandatory uniform test results as provided in Section 37-16-4 (1) Violations of Standard 2 (Trustworthiness) that result in a felony conviction Violations of Standard 3 (Unlawful Acts) (felony and sex offense convictions) Violations of Standard 4 (Educator/Student Relationships)
Violations of Standard 7 (Public Funds and Property) that result in a felony conviction Violations of Standard 6 (Alcohol, Drug and Tobacco Use or Possession) that result in termination and/or a felony conviction Violations of Standard 9 (Maintenance of Confidentiality) that affect the validity of mandatory uniform test results as provided in Section 37-16-4 (1) Violations of Standard 10 (Breach of Contract or Abandonment of Employment) MDE Office of Educator Quality 48 Contact Information Cerissa Neal, Executive Director, Office of Educator Quality
Aaronson, D., Barrow, L., and Sander, W. (2007). Teachers and students achievement in Chicago public high schools. Journal of Labor Economics. 25(1): 95-135. 1 TNTP. (2012). The irreplaceables: Understanding the real retention crisis in Americas urban schools. The New Teacher Project. 2 Reform Support Network. (2015). Promoting more equitable access to effective teachers: Problem and root causes. 3 4 Tenessee Department of Education. (2009).
Sass, T. (2010). Value added of teachers in high-poverty and lower-poverty schools. National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research. 5 Goldhaber, D. (2009). Teacher career paths, teacher quality, and persistence in the classroom: Are public schools keeping their best?. National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Educational Research. 6 MDE Office of Educator Quality 50
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