Los mandatos - cwcboe.org

Los mandatos - cwcboe.org

Los mandatos MANDATOS FAMILIARES (INFORMAL T) AFIRMATIVOS Mandatos afirmativos informales

(T Commands) Formacin: Pon el verbo en la tercera persona singular (l , ella, Ud.). Ejemplos: Pasar = pas a Sacar = sac a Irregulares

Decir di Hacer haz Poner pon Salir sal Ser s Tener ten Ir ve Venir - ven Pronoun Placement For affirmative t commands the

direct, indirect, and reflexive pronouns are attached. AFFIRMATIVE = ATTACH The order of the pronouns is: 1. Reflexive 2. Indirect 3. Direct Por ejemplo: Give me the homework = Dame la tarea.

Or Dmela. Sit down = Sintate. Stand up = Levntate. Do it now = Hazlo ahora. Practicamos Hacer ha z 2. Hablarhabla

3. Cantar canta di 4. Decir vive 5. Vivir 6. Poner pon 7. Venir ven 8. Bailar baila manten 9. Mantener 10. limpiar limpia

1. NEGATIVOS 1. 2. 3. Mandatos negativos informales (Negative t commands)

Pon el verbo en la forma yo. Quita la o. Pon las terminaciones: -ar -er / -ir -es -as Por ejemplo dejar yo dejo

No dejes creer yo creo No creas Irregulares - Negativos - car, -gar, -zar take their car, -gar, -zar endings: sacar = No saques

llegar = No llegues almorzar = No almuerces Irregulares - Negativos DISHES Dar = no des Ir = no vayas Saber = no sepas Haber = no hayas Estar = no ests Ser = no seas

No dar 2. No cantar 3. No hablar 4. No vivir 5. No olvidar 6. No poner 7. No salir 8. No ir 9. No ser

10. No hacer 1. No des No cantes No hables No vivas No olvides No pongas No salgas No vayas

No seas No hagas Pronoun Placement When the command is negative the pronoun goes BEFORE the command. Por ejemplo: No termines la tarea. = No la termines. No (levantarse) temprano. =

No te levantes temprano. MANDATOS FORMALES (UD. /UDS. COMMANDS) Mandatos formales afirmativos(Ud.) Para expresar cortesa: 1. Pon el verbo el la forma yo

2. Quita la o 3. Pon las terminaciones: -ar -er / -ir -e -a Por ejemplo: sentar yo siento siente

Comer Yo como coma Mandatos formales afirmativos(Uds.) Para expresar cortesa: 1. Pon el verbo el la forma yo 2. Quita la o 3. Pon las terminaciones: -ar

-er / -ir -en -an Por ejemplo: sentar yo siento sienten Comer Yo como coman

dar d den Irregulares DISHES ir saber haber estar ser

vaya sepa haya est sea vayan sepan hayan estn sean -car, -gar, -zar

-car -que, quen -gar -gue, - Pronoun Placement AFFIRMATIVE = ATTACH NEGATIVE = BEFORE THE VERB Por ejemplo: Afirmativo - Attach:

Por favor, escrbanos su nombre. Negativo Before the verb. No, no nos escriba su nombre. NOSOTROS COMMANDS Nosotros commands translate to lets do something. Another way to express this is:

ir a + infinitive. Ej. Vamos a comer en este restaurante. (Lets eat in this restaurante.) Nosotros Commands 1. 2. 3. Pon el verbo en la forma yo.

Quita la o. Pon las terminaciones: -ar -er / -ir -emos -amos (Es la forma de nosotros del subjuntivo) Por ejemplo Comer

Yo como Comamos, No comamos Hablar yo hablo Hablemos, no hablemos Irregulares D I S H E S Dar = demos, no demos Ir = vamos, no vayamos Saber = sepamos, no sepamos Haber = hayamos, no hayamos

Estar = estemos, no estemos Ser = seamos, no seamos (Es el subjuntivo) Stem-Changing Verbs Stem-changing ar/-er DO NOT

Stem-changing ir verbs change e-i change. Por ejemplo: Cerremos la puerta. or o-u. Por ejemplo: No durmamos. Pidamos la cuenta.

Stem-changing -ir verbs Dormir Pedir Repetir Sentirse Competir Medir Servir teir Vestir conseguir

-car, -gar, -zar -car -quemos Saquemos, no saquemos -gar, -guemos Lleguemos, no lleguemos -zar - cemos almorcemos, no almorcemos Pronoun Placement (IOP/

DOP) Indirect and direct object pronouns are attached to the end of affirmative commands. Ej: Comprmoslos Lets buy them.

Indirect and direct object pronouns are placed before negative commands. Ej: No los compremos.- Lets not buy them. Pronoun Placement (Reflexives) To add a reflexive verb to an

affirmative command the s must be dropped before nos is added. Ej. Lets sit. = Sentmonos. The reflexive pronoun goes before the verb in a negative command. Ej. Lets not sit. = No nos sentemos. Accents Accents are placed on the e of emo(s)

and the a of amo(s) in an affirmative command when one or two pronouns are attached. Ej. Lets sell it to her. = Vendmoselo. Lets put them on. = Pongmonoslos. VOSOTROS COMMANDS Vosotros Commands Affirmative

Replace the final r of the infinitive with a d. Ej. Hablar = hablad Volver = volved ir = id comer = comed Negative Vosotros

Commands Pon el verbo en la forma yo. Quita la o EL Pon las terminaciones: SUBJUNTIV O -ar -er/-ir -is

-is Ej. No hablis No volvis No vengis Irregulares D I S H E S Dar = no deis Ir = no vayis Saber = no sepis

Haber = no hayis Estar = no estis Ser = no seis Stem-changing verbs -ar / -er verbs DO NOT change. Ej. Dont close the door! = No cerris la puerta! -ir verbs CHANGE e-i or o-u. Ej. Dont sleep! = No durmis.

-car, -gar, -zar -car: -quis toquis -gar: -guis lleguis -zar: -cis Ej. No Ej. No Ej. No almorcis

Pronoun Placement Indirect and direct object pronouns are attached to the end of an affirmative command. Ej. Wash it! = Lavadlo Accents are placed on a(d), -e(d), or i(d) of an affirmative command when there are 2 pronouns. Ej. Put them on! = Ponoslos.

Ddmelo Indirect and direct object pronouns go before negative commands. Ej. Dont wash it! = No lo lavis. Pronoun Placement Reflexives To add a reflexive pronoun to an affirmative command the d must be dropped before

os is added. For ir verbs, this also requires an accent mark over the i. Ej. Lie down! = Acostaos Dont lie down.= No os acostis Get dressed = Vestos Dont get dressed = No os vistis Exception One exception is irse. For irse d is

NOT dropped. irse = Idos EL FIN

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