Life Boot Camp

Life Boot Camp

Life Boot Camp 5.10A #3 Compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed feed in aquatic animals 101. Some animals, such as the snowshoe hare, have fur that is similar to the color of their surroundings. During the winter, a snowshoe hares fur changes to A B

C D dark brown light gray brown spots pale white 101. Some animals, such as the snowshoe hare, have fur that is similar to the color of their surroundings. During the winter, a snowshoe hares fur changes to

A B C D dark brown light gray brown spots pale white 102. Which of the organisms pictured is a decomposer?

A B C D 1 2 3 4 102. Which of the organisms pictured is a decomposer?

A B C D 1 2 3 4 103. Some salamanders have a sticky tongue and a wide mouth lined with teeth. These

animals most likely feed on A B C D insects and other tiny animals leaves and other plant structures algae and other microorganisms dead and decaying materials 103. Some salamanders have a sticky tongue

and a wide mouth lined with teeth. These animals most likely feed on A B C D insects and other tiny animals leaves and other plant structures algae and other microorganisms dead and decaying materials

104. Which of the following characteristics would BEST help a bat hunt for food at night? A B C D Sharp teeth Keen hearing Large eyes Big wings

104. Which of the following characteristics would BEST help a bat hunt for food at night? A B C D Sharp teeth Keen hearing Large eyes Big wings

105. Which of the following adaptations would probably help a plant survive in the desert? A B C D The ability to store water for long periods of time Having large, green leaves to absorb more sunlight The ability to change colors during different seasons Having roots close to the surface to take in more water

105. Which of the following adaptations would probably help a plant survive in the desert? A B C D The ability to store water for long periods of time Having large, green leaves to absorb more sunlight The ability to change colors during different seasons Having roots close to the surface to take in more water

106. A porcupine has sharp quills that protect it from predators. Which of these is a behavioral adaptation of porcupines that makes the quills more effective for protection? A B C D Using sharp teeth to cut twigs and leaves Climbing to the very tops of trees to eat Making an underground nest for young Curling up into a ball when threatened

106. A porcupine has sharp quills that protect it from predators. Which of these is a behavioral adaptation of porcupines that makes the quills more effective for protection? A B C D Using sharp teeth to cut twigs and leaves Climbing to the very tops of trees to eat Making an underground nest for young

Curling up into a ball when threatened 107. A bird called a ptarmigan has feathered feet. The feathers on the feet of the ptarmigan are most helpful when this bird A B C D digs up food out of the ground walks in deep snow

climbs up rocky cliffs runs under low bushes 107. A bird called a ptarmigan has feathered feet. The feathers on the feet of the ptarmigan are most helpful when this bird A B C D digs up food out of the ground

walks in deep snow climbs up rocky cliffs runs under low bushes 108. Pill bugs can often be found underneath rocks and rotting logs. When exposed to light, they immediately try to find a dark place to hide. This reaction by the pill bugs is a result of A B C D

migration feeding behavior energy requirements changing environmental conditions 108. Pill bugs can often be found underneath rocks and rotting logs. When exposed to light, they immediately try to find a dark place to hide. This reaction by the pill bugs is a result of A B C D

migration feeding behavior energy requirements changing environmental conditions 109. The diagrams below show an arctic bird in the summer and the same bird in the winter Growing thicker fur in the winter helps some animals to A hide from danger B attract a mate

C find food D keep warm 109. The diagrams below show an arctic bird in the summer and the same bird in the winter Growing thicker fur in the winter helps some animals to A hide from danger B attract a mate C find food D keep warm

110. Animals that live in the desert must be able to survive in very hot temperatures. Which of the following is an adaptation that helps desert animals survive in hot temperatures? A B C D Being active at night only Being active day and night Being active during the day only Being active in the middle of the day

110. Animals that live in the desert must be able to survive in very hot temperatures. Which of the following is an adaptation that helps desert animals survive in hot temperatures? A B C D Being active at night only Being active day and night Being active during the day only

Being active in the middle of the day 111. Birds eat moths. Moths in a given area have been changing colors slowly over many years to match the color of the tree bark on which they are found. What is the MOST LIKELY reason for this color change? A B C D It helps the moth fly faster than the birds.

It makes the moths taste bad. It makes it hard for the birds to see the moths. It helps the moths stay cooler in the summer. 111. Birds eat moths. Moths in a given area have been changing colors slowly over many years to match the color of the tree bark on which they are found. What is the MOST LIKELY reason for this color change? A B C D

It helps the moth fly faster than the birds. It makes the moths taste bad. It makes it hard for the birds to see the moths. It helps the moths stay cooler in the summer. 112. Deer eat plants. Some plants, however, have adaptations that keep the deer from eating them. Which adaptation is likely to keep deer from eating a particular plant? A B C

D No flowers Thorny branches Large leaves Short stems 112. Deer eat plants. Some plants, however, have adaptations that keep the deer from eating them. Which adaptation is likely to keep deer from eating a particular plant? A B

C D No flowers Thorny branches Large leaves Short stems 113. Blue crabs can be found in coastal waters. Which of these explains why the crabs outer shell helps it survive in its habitat? A

B C D The shell keeps the crab warm. The shell helps the crab catch food. The shell protects the crab from predators. The shell allows the crab to get oxygen. 113. Blue crabs can be found in coastal waters. Which of these explains why the crabs outer shell helps it survive in its habitat?

A B C D The shell keeps the crab warm. The shell helps the crab catch food. The shell protects the crab from predators. The shell allows the crab to get oxygen. 114. The plover is a bird that finds its food at the edge of shallow water. Which adaptation would help this species find

food in shallow water? A B C D Shorter wings Long legs Curved beak Change in color 114. The plover is a bird that finds its food at the edge of

shallow water. Which adaptation would help this species find food in shallow water? A B C D Shorter wings Long legs Curved beak Change in color

115. Birds that eat other birds usually have short, curved beaks and strong feet with sharp talons. Which of the birds pictured above MOST LIKELY eats other birds? A B C D

Blue jay Gray hawk Mourning dove House sparrow 115. Birds that eat other birds usually have short, curved beaks and strong feet with sharp talons. Which of the birds pictured above MOST LIKELY eats other birds?

A B C D Blue jay Gray hawk Mourning dove House sparrow M.S. ?s

116. Hooves on buffalo and webbed feet on ducks are A. structures on the same species B. behaviors of different species C. structures on different species D. behaviors of the same species 116. Hooves on buffalo and webbed feet on ducks are A. structures on the same species B. behaviors of different species C. structures on different species

D. behaviors of the same species 117. The purpose of animals with webbed feet is A. Structural adaptation for survival B. Behavioral adaptation for survival C. Competition between species D. Learned behavior of species 117. The purpose of animals with webbed feet is A. Structural adaptation for survival

B. Behavioral adaptation for survival C. Competition between species D. Learned behavior of species 118. Colorado has a large population of bighorn sheep. They are herbivores and have hooves with specialized claws or toenails adapted for running and helping them escape predators. Mountain lion, elk, chipmunks, and black bears also live in Colorado. Which of the animals below has feet that are most similar to the Colorado bighorn sheep? A. Mountain lion B. Elk

C. Chipmunk D. Black bear 118. Colorado has a large population of bighorn sheep. They are herbivores and have hooves with specialized claws or toenails adapted for running and helping them escape predators. Mountain lion, elk, chipmunks, and black bears also live in Colorado. Which of the animals below has feet that are most similar to the Colorado bighorn sheep? A. Mountain lion B. Elk C. Chipmunk

D. Black bear 119. Biologists study structural adaptations of animals such as marine birds to understand the function of their feet. Which question below can best be answered from the biologists study? A. How do birds use webbed feet to nest high in trees? B. What causes marine birds to stay dry in water? C. How do the feathers of marine birds help them fly? D. Can all birds with webbed feet swim? 119. Biologists study structural adaptations of animals such as

marine birds to understand the function of their feet. Which question below can best be answered from the biologists study? A. How do birds use webbed feet to nest high in trees? B. What causes marine birds to stay dry in water? C. How do the feathers of marine birds help them fly? D. Can all birds with webbed feet swim? 120. Which of the following is a structural adaptation of a cow? A. Having hoofed feet B. Possessing sharp teeth

C. Coming when called D. Running with dogs 120. Which of the following is a structural adaptation of a cow? A. Having hoofed feet B. Possessing sharp teeth C. Coming when called D. Running with dogs 121. Which animal most likely has the characteristics described below:

1. Feet covered in hair for protection against extreme temperatures 2. Thick callused pads for protection from sharp edges and extreme temperatures 3. Long claws for climbing and digging A. Polar bear B. Red kangaroo C. Desert fox D. Western gorilla 121. Which animal most likely has the characteristics described below:

1. Feet covered in hair for protection against extreme temperatures 2. Thick callused pads for protection from sharp edges and extreme temperatures 3. Long claws for climbing and digging A. Polar bear B. Red kangaroo C. Desert fox D. Western gorilla 122. Cows and deer are herbivores. They have an adaptation which helps them cover enough ground to find food and water.

Which adaptation helps them with this? A. toenails B. paws C. claws D. hooves 122. Cows and deer are herbivores. They have an adaptation which helps them cover enough ground to find food and water. Which adaptation helps them with this? A. toenails B. paws C. claws

D. hooves 123. Elk and bighorn sheep are grazers. A structural adaptation that helps meet the needs for this type of diet is A. camouflaged fur B. flat teeth C. webbed feet D. good eyesight 123. Elk and bighorn sheep are grazers. A structural adaptation that helps meet the needs for this type of diet is A. camouflaged fur

B. flat teeth C. webbed feet D. good eyesight 124. Bactrian camels have special features that allow them to live in harsh, hot climates. These camels have long eyelashes and ears lined with hair. They also have nostrils that they can close when needed. Which is most likely the reason camels have these adaptations? A. protection from hot weather B. protection from sandstorms C. protection from rainstorms

D. protection from predators 124. Bactrian camels have special features that allow them to live in harsh, hot climates. These camels have long eyelashes and ears lined with hair. They also have nostrils that they can close when needed. Which is most likely the reason camels have these adaptations? A. protection from hot weather B. protection from sandstorms C. protection from rainstorms D. protection from predators

125. The kangaroo rat lives in the drier areas of the western and southwestern United States. It is very small and has a long tail and large back legs that allow it to jump up to 9 feet. This animal most likely uses its back legs to A. dig burrows B. leap away from predators C. listen for dangers D. attract a mate 125. The kangaroo rat lives in the drier areas of the western and southwestern United States. It is very small and has a long tail and large back legs that allow it to jump up to 9 feet. This

animal most likely uses its back legs to A. dig burrows B. leap away from predators C. listen for dangers D. attract a mate 126. Groups of students are to select a topic for research. A group wants to study the adaptations of animals in the desert. One question they should ask is A. How long do the animals live? B. How do the animals satisfy their need for water? C. How many offspring do the animals have?

D. Can you buy the animals in pet stores? 126. Groups of students are to select a topic for research. A group wants to study the adaptations of animals in the desert. One question they should ask is A. How long do the animals live? B. How do the animals satisfy their need for water? C. How many offspring do the animals have? D. Can you buy the animals in pet stores? 127. Students collected data about the arctic fox. They learned it can change colors from brown to white. What conclusions can be drawn from

the table about color change? Number & Color of Artic Foxes January May August White 15

0 0 Brown & white 0 13 0

Brown 0 0 18 A. Color changes help the fox with camouflage B. Color changes help the fox find shelter C. Color changes help the fox stay cooler D. Color changes help the fox move faster

127. Students collected data about the arctic fox. They learned it can change colors from brown to white. What conclusions can be drawn from the table about color change? Number & Color of Artic Foxes January May August White

15 0 0 Brown & white 0 13

0 Brown 0 0 18 A. Color changes help the fox with camouflage

B. Color changes help the fox find shelter C. Color changes help the fox stay cooler D. Color changes help the fox move faster 128. A group of students are comparing the hooves of deer and buffalo. They decide to construct a diorama to display a reallife representation of how these two species use this structural adaptation to survive in their environment. The students are constructing a A. diagram B. model C. sculpture D. cast mold

128. A group of students are comparing the hooves of deer and buffalo. They decide to construct a diorama to display a reallife representation of how these two species use this structural adaptation to survive in their environment. The students are constructing a A. diagram B. model C. sculpture D. cast mold 129. Students are to research a scientist who has worked with animals. One scientist they might choose would be

A. Thomas Edison B. Jane Goodall C. Benjamin Franklin D. Isaac Newton 129. Students are to research a scientist who has worked with animals. One scientist they might choose would be A. Thomas Edison B. Jane Goodall C. Benjamin Franklin D. Isaac Newton

130. Everything in nature has a reason for how it is structured and how it behaves. It is important to learn about animals and how they survive in their environments. Which of the following questions CANNOT be answered from studying animal structures and their functions? A. How do animals instinctively survive changes made within an ecosystem? B. What are some structural adaptations for living on water and on land? C. What observations can be made about body parts of aquatic animals? D. What are some physical features of prairie animals that help them adapt to climate? 130. Everything in nature has a reason for how it is structured and how it behaves. It is important to learn about animals and how they survive in

their environments. Which of the following questions CANNOT be answered from studying animal structures and their functions? A. How do animals instinctively survive changes made within an ecosystem? B. What are some structural adaptations for living on water and on land? C. What observations can be made about body parts of aquatic animals? D. What are some physical features of prairie animals that help them adapt to climate? 131. Student conducted an investigation to learn about bird beaks. They used different tools to represent different bird beaks, such as tweezers, straws, and spoons. When they finished the investigation, the teacher instructed the students to conduct a second trial. Why did the teacher want

students to do the same investigation two separate times? A. The students did not listen to directions the first time B. Birds in the natural world eat two times a day C. Data tables look better when they have more than one column D. Two trials are needed to make the investigation valid 131. Student conducted an investigation to learn about bird beaks. They used different tools to represent different bird beaks, such as tweezers, straws, and spoons. When they finished the investigation, the teacher instructed the students to conduct a second trial. Why did the teacher want students to do the same investigation two separate times? A. The students did not listen to directions the first time

B. Birds in the natural world eat two times a day C. Data tables look better when they have more than one column D. Two trials are needed to make the investigation valid

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