Learning Objectives: To be able to make and explore links ...

Learning Objectives: To be able to make and explore links ...

Moon on the Tides: Poetry Anthology Linking Poems and Exam Preparation 35% of your Literature mark Unit 2: Poetry across time Which poem is featured?

Together down, sir. Notice Neptune, though, Taming a sea-horse, thought a rarity, ... We played at courtly love: The troubadour, the damsel and the peach. like a basket of washing that got up and walked

Of soaked Carrara-covered earth For Londoners to fill.. Dem tell me bout de man who discover de balloon and de cow who jump over de moon a new fear to fight the fear of fire, so I could lead the horses Poor clever girl! I know,

For all my damaged brain, something she doesnt: He had six brothers and I had one, my Brendon Gallacher. But I can drown the fools vee share in chapatti vee share in di chutney - Your hands were like paws then, your face

blue and bleak And wrinkled lip and sneer of cold command For gold escape from locks and chains. And Mister they called Hey mister Look at me now.

Exam Reminders This unit will be externally examined. In Section A, you have to answer one question. You will have to write an essay in which you compare a named poem with a poem of your choice. This section will be marked out of thirty-six using AO1, AO2 and AO3. You will have 45 minutes to complete your essay comparing the poems. (Dont forget, this is just one section of the paper. In

Section B, there will be a question on an unseen poem.) AO1: Respond to texts critically and imaginatively; select and evaluate relevant textual detail to illustrate and support interpretations [15%] AO2: Explain how language, structure and form contribute to writers presentation of ideas, themes and settings [10%] AO3: Make comparisons and explain links between texts, evaluating writers different ways of expressing meaning

and achieving effects [10%] Note: Section B is a question on an unseen poem. More on that later. Section A Mark Scheme Things to think about... Character: someone specific or a representation of something more

general? Voice: whose it is? Who is it speaking to? How is it created? Ideas and attitudes: why has the poet written this poem? What ideas does it express?

Perspective: whose point of view is being explored? Is it the poets? Techniques: how does the poet use language, structure and form to communicate or create effects? Poetry VITALS Voice: Who is speaking in the poem? Imagery: What imagery is being created?

is it effective? How Theme: What are the main themes featured in the poem? Address: Who is the poem addressed to? Why? Language (Features): What type of language/ devices are used? What is their effect? Structure: How is the poem laid out? What is the effect of this?

you need to be able to: links between poems similarities and differences between poems, exploring themes and referring closely Identify Identify to the text Explore similarities and

contrasts between poems, making precise references to the writers use of linguistic and structural choices to convey their messages Linking Poems For each of the poems and focuses, identify another poem which could

be linked to it... Give Outsiders For each of the poems and focuses, identify another poem which could be linked to it... Medusa

Jealousy For each of the poems and focuses, identify another poem which could be linked to it... Singh Song! Dialogue For each of the poems and focuses,

identify another poem which could be linked to it... Brendon Gallacher Imagination For each of the poems and focuses, identify another poem which could be linked to it...

On a Portrait of a Deaf Man 1st Person Perspective For each of the poems and focuses, identify another poem which could be linked to it... River God Superstition

For each of the poems and focuses, identify another poem which could be linked to it... Casehistory: Alison (head injury) Powerful Ending For each of the poems and focuses, identify another poem which could

be linked to it... The Ruined Maid Women For each of the poems and focuses, identify another poem which could be linked to it... Ozymandias

Power Planning an Answer Tip #1: Know which ideas/themes are linked to each poem and how the poet presents these through language and structure. Tip #2: Compare all the way through. Tip #3: Plan before you start. Tip #4: Make sure you answer the question in your introduction

and conclusion. Tip #5: Focus on the writer and the effect of what (s)he is doing. Tip #6: Dont write about everything. Pick key moments to analyse in depth and link these to the theme and ideas of the poem. Tip #7: Dont just feature spot. Be specific about the effect of the techniques you mention, linking to theme and ideas.

How do I structure a response for Section A of the exam? Select question. Highlight key words in the question. Planning Mind map ideas and plan your response. Write your opening paragraph explaining what the two poems are about and making links between them. Start your 1st sentence with

Introduction both. Explore key point 1 in both poems using QWERTY: write about themes, subject or tone of speakers voice. Main body Explore key point 2 in both poems using QWERTY: write about the

effect of language techniques. Explore key point 3 in both poems using QWERTY: write about effect of structure/form. Possible key point 4 in both poems using QWERTY: write about shift/change in poem (look at the end).

Concluding paragraph refer back to the question and summarise the similarities and differences between the two poems, making sure you answer the overall question. Add in your own opinion of the poems. Conclusion Question: 36 marks; 45 mins AQA Moon on the Tides poetry: Character and Voice

How is control presented in The Horse Whisperer and one other poem you have studied? How is control presented in The Horse Whisperer and one other poem you have studied? (Poem for comparison: Les Grands Seigneurs) 1.

Introduction: what the two poems are about; make links between them. Start 1st sentence with both. 2. Key Point 1: Both characters have control at the beginning of the poems (they are telling a story about their past) [Themes; subject; tone of voice] 3.

Key Point 2: Both past lives are portrayed through the use of vivid, powerful imagery [Effect of language techniques] 4. Key Point 3: A significant event marks a turning point in these characters past lives [Effect of structure/form] 5.

Key Point 4: There is a shift in control the speakers are now controlled in some way themselves [Shift/change in poem look at end] 6. Conclusion: summarise similarities/differences; answer question; give opinion Introduction: what the two poems are about; make links between them. Start 1st sentence with both.

Both Horse Whisperer by Andrew Forster and Les Grands Seigneurs by Dorothy Molloy are about individuals whose lives undergo a significant change. In Horse Whisperer, readers hear from a poetic voice who used to be respected and valued in his role as a horse whisperer only for the Industrial Revolution to make his job outdated, meaning he is shunned by his community. In Les Grands Seigneurs the narrator reveals that she was an independent single woman who had lots of attention from men, and enjoyed their company and the power it gave her. Central to both of these poems is the idea of control. Both speakers, in their past lives, had a great deal of

control, but because of a life-changing event they have lost this power and, it may be argued, have become controlled themselves. Key Point 1: Themes; subject; tone of voice A similarity between both the speakers in these poems is that they are both narrating a story from a similar position one where they are reflecting on a happier past in which they had control over their lives. In Horse Whisperer, the first two stanzas describe the protagonists role as an important member of his community, and readers are given the impression of a man who is highly valued

by the society of which he is a part. The repetition of They shouted for me reveals that farmers were highly dependant on the horse whisperer to tame these important animals, even to the point where they took him for granted. The sibilance in My secret was a spongy tissue evokes the sound of whispering, and the detailed description of the charms used to draw the tender giants to [his] hands suggests a highly skilled and knowledgeable person. Restless horses are transformed by the speakers power, as conveyed by the simile like helpless children. Similarly, the speaker in Les Grands Seigneurs is reflecting on a past in which she enjoyed many and varied relationships with men. The phrase The best and worst of times were men highlights that male company was everything

for this woman. Moreover, we are given hints that these men, as well being beneficial to the speaker (Men were my buttresses meaning support), are to an extent controlled by this woman. Men are described using metaphors, Men were my dolphins, my performing seals, which suggests that they were at the beck-and-call of the speaker, implying that she had a lot of control over them. Key Point 2: Effect of language techniques Both of the speakers in these poems depict their past life using vivid imagery, and often figurative language, to portray the things they had control over. The speaker in

Horse Whisperer describes the horses he used to tame in an admiring way which reflects the detailed understanding and bond he had with them. Descriptions of the horses shimmering muscles and stately heads convey this admiration, and tell readers that the horse whisperers understanding of these creatures was absolute. In the final stanza of the poem, the narrator again reminisces about the creatures he knew so well and had such control over, with lyrical descriptions of their searing breath and glistening veins, but above all their pride - a characteristic which is repeated for emphasis at the end of the poem, and which perhaps refers to the speakers own pride, which has been taken away along with the control he had. In Les Grands Seigneurs, the speakers relationships with men are described using a

series of metaphors, some of which portray the men as almost ridiculous and hint to the reader that the female speaker treated them as playthings. Images of men as strutting pink flamingos and hurdy-gurdy monkey-men suggest that men were eager to impress and entertain the speaker, and that she (their queen) was happy to receive this adoration. Key Point 3: Effect of structure/form The most striking similarity between these two poems is that both speakers undergo a huge change in their lives, and that this change is signalled by a

definite turning point. In The Horse Whisperer, this change occurs in the third stanza of the poem, when the tractor came over the fields like a warning, representing the onset of the Industrial Revolution, meaning that the horse whisperer is the life-blood no longer implying a sudden and devastating diminishing of his status. In Les Grands Seigneurs, this change occurs overnight when the woman is wedded, bedded. This internal rhyme emphasises the fact that as soon as the speaker is married, and begins to have a sexual relationship, all of her previous independence, power and control is taken away. The structure of the poem reflects this; the speakers new life is presented to us plainly in the fourth and final stanza, completely separate from what has come before.

Similarly, in The Horse Whisperer, structure reflects the dying out of the speakers trade and status, as stanzas lessen in length by a line as the poem goes on. Key Point 4: focus on the end The final sections of each of these poems reveal how, in their new lives, each speaker has lost the control they once had, and, it could be argued, are now controlled themselves. The horse whisperer is treated as a demon and witch and is forced to flee his community, having to join a stampede of others who have also

now become redundant and mistrusted. He exerts one final act of of power and control, seeking vengeance on the villagers who have wronged him by using tools of revenge, meaning that he uses the same mystical powers he once employed to calm the horses to now curse the creatures he leaves behind. Similarly, the speaker in Les Grands Seigneurs becomes controlled by her husband. In contrast to the elaborate metaphors which she used to depict the men in her life, she describes herself using a list of words and phrases which show how diminished she has become: a toy, a plaything, little woman, wife, a bit of fluff. This kind of language, and the poets use of caesura, convey the idea that the woman is now solely defined by her sexuality and status as a wife; it is interesting that the lively

metaphors at the beginning of the poem have been replaced with stale, clichd imagery to do with the status of being somebodys wife. Sentences become short and choppy at this point in the poem, meaning the tone of the final stanza reflects the bitterness and lifelessness which the speaker now feels. Conclusion: summarise similarities/differences; answer question; give opinion Many similarities can be drawn between these poems when they are considered as texts about control. Both speakers had a great deal of control, self-worth and independence in their past lives one because of his profession and status

within a community, and the other because of her relationships with men. Moreover, both speakers lose control after a significant event or turning point in each of their lives, meaning the control they once had disappears altogether. Section A Mark Scheme Example answer: With a partner, decide what mark you would give

this answer. Section A Mark Scheme Read what the examiner said about this answer: How could the answer be improved? Compare the ways poets present strong emotions in Medusa and The River God

What emotions are there? How do the poets present these emotions? or Compare the ways poets present powerful characters in My Last Duchess and either The River God or Medusa Which characters are powerful?

How is their power presented? Plan and write up your answer. You have 45 minutes. Step 1 read the questions pick the one you want to answer - and underline key words

Step 2 pick out 3 points you could make about the theme in that poem Identity in the Clown Punk 1. Identity changes 2. Identity is to do with personal appearance 3. Identity can cause misery Step 3 pick your other poem to

compare Identity = checking out me history case history alison portrait of a deaf man the hunchback in the park medusa Step 4 pick out 3 points you could

make about the theme in the second poem Identity in the Clown Punk 1. Identity changes 2. Identity is to do with personal appearance 3. Identity can cause misery Case History: Alison 1. Her past to present

2. She became fat 3. She is trapped in the present Step 5 pick out quotations for each of your paragraphs 3. Identity causes misery enjambment

1. Identity changes 2. Identity to do with personal appearance enjambment Step 6 write your answer Q W

} One of the ways the poet... Another way... Medusa is also shown to be... The poet suggests... When he is first described... E This is shown when it says, ___... An example of this is

when Smith writes, ___... For example, ___ R This makes the reader think... This suggests to the reader... The reader will think... This implies... This suggests... T

The use of the simile... The poets word choice... The repetition of the word ___... The alliteration of... This word has strong connotations of... Y This suggests... This implies... This links to... Compare the ways poets present 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. isolated characters

romantic love change memory loss power powerful characters strong emotions male characters in

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Hunchback in the Park Singh Song! Les Grands Seigneurs Casestudy: Alison Brendon Gallacher Ozymandias My Last Duchess Medusa The River God

and one other poem of your choice.

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