Le passé composé - White Plains Middle School

Le passé composé - White Plains Middle School

Le pass compos In French you use the perfect tense (le pass compos) to say what you have done at a certain time in the past. Le pass compos In French this is called the pass compos because it is

composed of two parts: the auxiliary or helper and the past participle. Verbs with avoir The pass compos is usually formed by using the present tense of avoir and the past participle of the verb, just as in English. You must then know the verb avoir Le verbe avoir

Singular Jai Tu as Il/elle a

Plural Nous avons We have Vous avez You have Ils/elles ont They have I have You have He/she has Lets practice: Click on the

picture to practice the verb avoir Now check your answers 1. 2. 3. 4. Jai fait mes devoirs. Nous avons fini lexercice. Il a jou au football. Vous avez regard une

vido. 5. Ils ont mang au Mc Do. 6. Tu as choisi ton livre. 7. Elle a mang un sandwich. 8. Nous navons pas vu le film. 9. Avez-vous vu le film? 10. Ils ont achet un CD. How to form the past participle Regular er verbs Take off the er and replace it with

Jouer jai jou Regular ir verbs Take off the -r Finir jai fini Regular re verbs Take off the re and replace it with u Rpondre jai rpondu

Using these rules, what would the past participle of these verbs be? Write the answers on your worksheet. aimer attendre choisir demander couter laver

finir manger habiter parler inviter perdre porter ranger regarder

tlphoner travailler vendre Check your answers aim attendu cout fini lav mang

port rang tlphon choisi demand habit invit parl perdu regard travaill vendu

Here are the past participles of some irregular verbs: avoir eu dire dit prendre pris boire bu crire crit apprendre appris lire lufaire fait comprendrecompris voir vu mettre mis Look for patterns to

help you learn them Lets practice Click on the picture to practice the past participle with avoir Now check your answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. Jai pris le bus. Il a bu du Coca. Nous avons lu ces magazines. Jai appris le vocabulaire. As-tu regard la tlvision? Quest-ce que vous avez fait ? Il a jou de la guitare. Jai fini mes devoirs. Nous avons cout

de la musique. 10. Elle na pas compris. Verbs with tre As we have already seen, in the perfect tense most verbs take avoir. However, some take tre How to conjugate tre

Singular Je suis I am Tu es you are Il/elle est he/she is

Plural Nous sommes we are Vous tes you are Ils/elles sont they are Lets practice! Click on the picture to practice the verb tre.

Now check your answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Je suis venu(e). Il est entr. Nous sommes arriv(e)s. Les enfants sont sortis Vous tes rest(e)s la maison.

6. Paul est tomb dans la rue. 7. Maman est monte au premier tage. 8. Ma soeur est alle la piscine. 9. Mon pre est descendu dans la cave. 10. Murielle est ne Paris. Remember! Notice that with verbs which use tre as the auxiliary verb, the past participle agrees with the subject (the person or thing doing

the action). Add -e if the subject is feminine Entrer Elle est entre Add -s if the subject is masculine plural (or includes masculine and feminine) Arriver Ils sont arrivs Add es if the subject is

feminine plural Partir elles sont parties The following verbs form the pass compos with tre. It is easier to learn them as pairs: Aller/venir* Arriver/partir

Entrer/sortir Monter/descendre Natre*/mourir* to to to to to go/to come arrive/to leave enter/to go out go up/to go down

be born/to die *The past participle of these verbs are venu, n, mort. All the rest are regular! All the verbs made up of these verbs, e.g. rentrer, repartir, revenir, devenir also take tre, as do tomber, rester and retourner. Lets practice Click on the picture to practice the past participle

with tre. Now check your answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Le train est arriv la gare.

Nous sommes parti(e)s neuf heures. Mes grands-parents sont venus en voiture. tes-vous all(e)(s) en ville? Je suis mont(e) au premier tage. Je suis entr(e) dans le magasin. Elle est descendue devant la poste. Nous sommes rest(e)s la maison. Tu es parti(e) midi.

10. Elles sont nes hier. Lets practice Finally click on the picture to practice the perfect with both avoir and tre. THE PERFECT TENSE. LETS PRACTICE : HOW WOULD YOU SAY THESE SENTENCES IN FRENCH?

Yesterday I played football. Did you go to the cinema? She listened to music. My parents arrived last week. My little brother was born last night. Now check your answers 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. Hier jai jou au football. Tu es all(e) au cinma? Elle a cout de la musique. Mes parents sont arrivs la semaine dernire. Mon petit frre est n la nuit dernire.

There you go. The perfect tense has not got any secrets for you any more. If you apply these rules carefully you will always get it perfect.

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