Latin 1 - mr. zboril milford pep - Home

Latin 1 - mr. zboril milford pep - Home

1 MR. ZBORIL | MILFORD PEP Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation Latin 1 Chapter 10 Third Declension Nouns Salv Discipul! Quid es? This Photo by Unknown Author is licnsed under CC BY-SA Chapter 10 Third Declension Nouns The Chapter 10 Vocabulary on Page 68 lists a bunch of nouns. Some are mter, mtris, f.: mother pater, patris, m.: father corpus, corporis, n.: body uxor, uxris, f.: wife Notice the endings are different, yet again? These are

not prmae or even secndae declension nouns! Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. 3 Chapter 10 Third Declension Nouns noun: pater, patris, m.: father iuvenis, iuvenis, m/f.: youth 1. The first form or nominative singular 2. The second form or genitive singular This is used to find the noun stem and to determine which declension (or noun family) the noun belongs. 3.The

gender : masculine, feminine, or neuter. Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation Your Latin Dictionary contains three pieces of information for every 4 Chapter 10 Third Declension Nouns declensions. Declensions can be recognized by the genitive case singular the second form personal endings. flamma, flammae, f.: flame 1st Declension equus, equ, m.: horse 2nd Declension rx, rgis, m.: king3rd Declension The genitive singular of all secndae declension nouns ends in (long i). The genitive singular of all tertiae declension nouns ends in is. Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation Nouns are divided into declensions. Latin has five noun 5 Chapter 10 Third Declension Nouns Female things are feminine

Masculine things are masculine Something neither male or female is neuter In Latin, this is sometimes the case, however a nouns gender does not necessarily reflect the gender of the object it describes. If an object has neither gender (e.g. table, tree, town) Latin may classify it as any of the genders. Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation In English, the gender of a noun is determined by: 6 Chapter 10 Tertiae Declension Noun Genders feminine, or neuter. mter, mtris, f.: mother pater, patris, m.: father corpus, corporis, n.: body Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation

Nouns of the 3rd Declension may be either masculine, 7 Chapter 10 Tertiae Declension Noun Stems Remember how we found the stem of 1st Declension (prmae declension) nouns? We took the genitive singular and removed the ending (ae). fmina, fminae, f. fminae fmin -ae = fmin We do the same with second declension. Lets look at the next slide Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation Exercise 2 on pg. 31 asks you to identify the stem for each of the nouns in the vocabulary. 8 Chapter 10 Tertiae Declension Noun Stems corpus, corporis, m. corporis corpor -is = corpor

uxor, uxris, f. uxris uxr -is = uxr Now, with the stem, we add the case endings and decline the noun. Look. Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation To find the stem of the 3rd Declension noun, take the genitive singular and remove the is. 9 3rd Declension Case Endings Masculine & Feminine Feminine Case Sing. Plural Case Sing.

Plural Nominative rx rg-s Nominative uxor uxr-s Genitive rg-is rg-um Genitive uxr-is uxr-um Dative

rg- rg-ibus Dative uxr- uxr-ibus Accusative rg-em rg-s Accusative uxr-em uxr-s Ablative rg-e rg-ibus Ablative

uxr- uxr-ibus Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation Masculine 10 3rd Declension Case Endings Masculine & Feminine Feminine Case Sing. Plural Case Sing. Plural Nominative rx

rgs Nominative uxor uxors Genitive rgis rgum Genitive uxris uxrum Dative rg rgibus Dative

uxr uxribus Accusative rgem rgs Accusative uxrem uxors Ablative rge rgibus Ablative uxr uxribus Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation

Masculine 11 Chapter 10 Tertiae Declension Neuter Who can tell me the neuter rules? 1) The nominative and accusative endings are the same. a) 3rd Declension singular end in us, -ut, or r. b) 3rd Declension plural end in a. 2) The nominative and accusative plural end in a. Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation Tertiae Declension Nouns may also be neuter. Naturally, the endings are determined by the neuter rules. 12 3rd Declension Case Endings Masculine & Feminine

Case Sing. Plural Nominative iter itiner-a Genitive itiner-is itiner-um Dative itiner- itiner-ibus Accusative iter

itiner-a Ablative itiner-e itiner-ibus Chapter 2 Verbs, Vocabulary, and 1st Conjugation Neuter 13 Chapter 10 Tertiae Declension Nouns Any questions? This Photo by Unknown Author is licnsed under CC BY-SA

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