Introduction to the Microscope: Compound microscope

Introduction to the Microscope: Compound microscope

Introduction to the Compound microscope Definition "Micro" refers to tiny, "scope" refers to view or look at. Microscopes are tools used to enlarge images of small objects so they can be studied.

The compound light microscope is an instrument containing two lenses, which magnifies, and a variety of knobs to resolve (focus) the picture. Because it uses more than one lens, it is also called the compound microscope. Introduction Many objects are too small to be seen by the eye alone.

They can be seen, however, with the use of an instrument that magnifies, or visually enlarges, the object. One such instrument, which is of great importance to biologists and other scientists, is the compound light microscope. Microscope Parts Eyepiece Body Tube Revolving Nosepiece

Objective Lens Stage Clips Diaphragm Arm Stage Coarse Focus Fine Focus Light Base Handling the microscope Always carry the

microscope with both hands. Grasp the arm of the microscope with one hand and place your other hand under the base. Always hold the microscope in an upright position so that the eyepiece cannot fall out. Closer look Notice the numbers etched on the objectives

and on the eyepiece. Each number is followed by an X that means times. For example, the low-power objective may have the number 10X on its side. That objective magnifies an object 10 times its normal size.

Illustration The total magnification of a microscope is calculated by multiplying the magnification of the objective by the magnification of the eyepiece. Side view Look

at the microscope from the side. Locate the coarse adjustment knob. moves the objectives up and down. Practice moving the coarse adjustment knob to see how it moves the objectives with each turn. Turn the coarse adjustment so that the lowpower objective is positioned about 3 cm from the stage.

Nosepiece 1. Locate the revolving nosepiece. 2. Turn the nosepiece until you hear the high-power objective click into position. 3. Now turn the nosepiece until the lowpower objective clicks back into position. Turning on the microscope Plug in the cord and turn on the light.

Look through the eyepiece. Adjust the diaphragm to permit sufficient light to enter the microscope. The white circle of light you see is the field of view. Using the Microscope Place

the Slide on the Microscope Use Stage Clips Click Nosepiece to the lowest (shortest) setting Look Use

into the Eyepiece the Coarse Focus Using High Power Follow steps to focus using low power Click the nosepiece to the longest objective Do NOT use the Coarse Focusing Knob Use the Fine Focus Knob to bring the slide What can you find on your slide?

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