Greek 1001 Elementary Greek - dramata.com

Greek 1001 Elementary Greek - dramata.com

Ancient Greek for Everyone: A New Digital Resource for Beginning Greek as taught at Louisiana State University Fall 2013 Richard Warga Unit 16: Comparative and Superlative Elementary Greek This class (someday, Month ##, 2013) AGE Unit 16: Comparative & Superlative You have already learned Greek adjectives and adverbs. This Unit presents the other degrees of adjectives and

adverbs: the comparative and superlative. Elementary Greek From Unit 12: Greek Adjectives Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. In order to describe a noun, an adjective must match the noun in gender, number and case. All Greek adjectives use the same three declensions of endings as Greek nouns. Every adjective uses a specific declensions ending for each gender. Greek adjectives differ only in which declension they use for the different genders. Elementary Greek

Greek Adjectives Adjectives also have degree: The positive degree refers to the quality or quantity conveyed by the meaning of the adjective: TALL The comparative degree refers to more of the quality or quantity conveyed by the adjective: TALLER The superlative degree refers to the maximum of the quality or quantity conveyed by the adjective: TALLEST Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives

Positive degree is the regular form of the adjective: - - wise wise Comparative degree means the adjective has more of its quality than someone or something else: - - wise wiser The marker indicates the comparative degree in Greek just as the ending er does in English. Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives

Positive degree is the regular form of the adjective: - - wise wise Superlative degree means the adjective has the most of its quality: - - wise wisest The marker indicates the comparative degree in Greek just as the ending est does in English. Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives

An or appears between the stem of the adjective and the / marker of change in degree. Generally speaking, the length of this vowel is opposite that of the preceding vowel. - - - - long short short long Since the comparative marker -- ends in , the feminine

singular regularly uses in place of (like - -). Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives in Greek form their comparatives and superlatives differently. The most common alternative marker for the comparative degree is -- + -

For the declension of this type, see next slide. The most common alternative marker for the superlative degree is --. Sometimes these are just independent adjectives with comparative or superlative meaning. Elementary Greek From Unit 12: Greek Adjectives - (stem: -) better (just as - divinity)

Singular Plural Nom. Gen. Dat. Acc.

Greek Pronouns (GPH p.28) Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently.

- - wise good wise better, braver or wise better, more virtuous or wise better, stronger wise best, excellent or wise best, most virtuous or wise best, strongest Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently.

- - wise shameful wise more shameful wise most shameful Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently. - - wise hostile wise more hostile wise most hostile

Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently. - wise sweet wise sweeter wise sweetest Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives

As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently. - - wise bad wise morally worse or wise worse or wise worse, weaker wise morally worst or wise worst wise least of all Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives

As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently. - - wise beautiful wise more beautiful wise most beautiful Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently. wise big wise bigger

wise biggest Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently. - - wise small wise smaller or wise smaller or wise less, worse, weaker or wise smaller wise smallest

or - - wise smallest wise least of all Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently. - - wise few wise fewer or wise fewer or wise fewer, worse, weaker - - wise fewest, least

or - - wise fewest wise least of all Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently. wise many or wise more wise most Elementary Greek

Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives differently. wise easy wise easier wise easiest Elementary Greek Degrees of Greek Adjectives As in English, some adjectives form their comparatives

and superlatives differently. swiftswift , swiftswifter swiftswiftest Elementary Greek Comparative and Superlative Adjectives in Greek Note the forms and meanings of these adjectives: - - wise both - - wise each (of two) - wise each - wise other

- - wise which (of two)? Elementary Greek Comparative and Superlative Adjectives in Greek Note the forms and meanings of these adjectives: - - wise previous < - wise first

- wise second - wise later - wise our - wise your Elementary Greek From Unit 14: Greek Adverbs Adverbs generally provide additional information about the verbal action.

This is a very broad category, so in practice adverbs cover nearly everything not covered in the other categories of words (verb, noun, pronoun, adjective, preposition, conjunction). This unit covers only adverbs that are formed from adjectives. Unit 20 will cover the remaining adverbs. Elementary Greek From Unit 14: Greek Adverbs The most common ending for an adverb is . This ending corresponds almost exactly to the ly ending in English. To form this type of adverb, start with the genitive plural of the adjective and substitute for the final .

Ahe adverb does not in fact derive from the genitive plural, but it does provide a convenient way to determine the form of the adverb. Adverbs do not decline. Elementary Greek

Comparative and Superlative Adverbs in Greek In Greek, adverbs do not have unique endings in the comparative and superlative degrees. To form a comparative adverb, Greek uses the neuter accusative singular form of the comparative adjective: wise more wisely wise better To form a superlative adverb, Greek uses the neuter accusative plural form of the superlative adjective: wise most wisely wise most swiftly, quickest Elementary Greek Comparative and Superlative in Greek

With a comparative, Greek uses the word to mean wise than . Socrates is wiser than Polemarchus. . Socrates speaks more wisely than Polemarchus. Elementary Greek ! Whats that? Pay close attention to the accent and breathing of , so you do not confuse it with other words of totally different meaning. or (smooth breathing, acute or grave accent)

wise than with a comparative wise or otherwise (rough breathing, no accent) wise the fem. nom. sg. of definite article

or (rough breathing, acute or grave accent) wise who, which fem. nom. sg. of relative pronoun (smooth breathing, circumflex accent) wise I was 1st sg. imperfect indicative active of wise be

(rough breathing, circumflex accent, iota subscript) wise to whom, to which, where fem. dat. sg. of relative pronoun Elementary Greek Comparative and Superlative in Greek With a comparative, Greek uses the word to mean wise than. For variation, Greek can instead use the Genitive case to indicate the comparison: . . Socrates is wiser than Polemarchus.

. . Socrates speaks more wisely than Polemarchus. Elementary Greek Next class (someday, Month ##, 2013) Unit 16 Biblical reading. Unit 16 Classical reading. Be able to: read the sentences aloud parse each verb, noun and pronoun translate the sentences into English.

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