The Epic of Gilgamesh and Ancient Mesopotamia The history and culture behind the worlds oldest recorded story Epic of Gilgamesh Mesopotamia Geography (circa 4000 BC ) Mesopotamia means the land between the rivers.
It is located in an agriculturally rich region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (also known as the Fertile Crescent or cradle of civilizations. It was located in the Mesopotamia was a wide plain open for invasion
Mesopotamias Ruling Societies from 5000 BCE 600 BCE Sumeria was the first civilization in the region. Later, the Akkadians, Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, and Chaldeans take over their cities and adopt their culture. They all adapt their own
version of the Epic of Sumerians (5000-2100 BC) Government and Society Sumerians lived in city-states. These cities were walled (fortified) for protection and surrounded by vast, open land. The largest city-states were Ur,
Uruk, and Lagash. The Sumerians never developed a central, unifying government between the three, leaving them vulnerable to attack. Uruk is the city-state described in Gilgamesh. Sumerian City States City of Uruk setting for
Gilgamesh Sumerians (5000-2100 BC) Religious Beliefs - The Sumerians (and later the Babylonian people) worshipped a pantheon of gods and goddesses. - ***Regardless of ones actions in life, they did not
believe in life after death. They believed that after one Anu father of gods and god of the sky (similar to Zeus) Enlil god of the air Utu sun god; lord of truth and justice
Sumerians (5000-2100 BC) Worlds first writing system cuneiform. Formed by reed markings on wet clay tablets. The Epic of Gilgamesh, the first work of fiction ever recorded, was etched on stone tablets in cuneiform. History of Epic of
Gilgamesh While there is no evidence that the events in the epic actually happened, there was a Gilgamesh who ruled the Sumerian dynasty of Uruk in 2,700 BCE. The Epic of Gilgamesh, the first work of fiction ever recorded, was etched on over 40,000 clay tablets History of Epic of
Gilgamesh The legend itself was adapted by a number of different cultures following the decline of the Sumerian empire. We can still learn much about Sumerian culture and values through the story of Gilgamesh the worlds first epic hero. Akkadians (2100 - 2000
BC) The Akkadian people easily take over Sumerian culture perhaps because of Sumers lack of a unified government. However, Sumerian culture is maintained through these shifts in power. Under their king, Sargon, the Babylonians (1700-700
BC) There was also a version from the Old Babylonian empire under Hammurabi. The Babylonians recognized the value of Sumerian culture and adopted much of it as their own. Sumerian became a literary language (much like Latin Assyrians (700-600 BC)
In first millennium under the Assyrian empire the Epic of Gilgamesh took on its final written form. The final translation was added to the Kings library at Nineveh. After the destruction of Nineveh
Story of Gilgamesh The Epic of Gilgamesh is the story of King Gilgamesh of Uruk. Gilgamesh is a ruthless and oppressive leader, and the gods punish his prideful behavior by killing his best friend (Enkidu). Horrified by Enkidus death and the prospect of his own demise, Gilgamesh undertakes a quest for immortality which brings him to the
home of Utnapishtim, a the only Importance of Gilgamesh Earliest known literary work. Contains an account of the Great Flood and the story of a virtuous man named Utnapishtim who survived Expresses values of ancient civilization such as the belief in divine retribution for
transgressions such as violence, pride, the oppression of others, Importance of Gilgamesh Gilgamesh serves as an early model of the archetypal hero. Studied by Joseph Campbell as a primary example of the monomyth (or heros journey story). Large number of parallels to The
Odyssey and other Greek epics GILGAMESH: AS YOU READ * ! ? Use a star for Use an Use a significant exclamation question
information, point to mark next for devices, and indicate what parts that are strategies you feel confusing or you notice. strongly next to any about in the
information article. that youd like to GILGAMESH: CLOSE READING C F V Mark when the Mark Mark where
writer directly instances cultural values or indirectly where Enkidu are described. characterizes is described as Gilgamesh. a FOIL. GILGAMESH: CLOSE READING
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