General Licensing Class - University of Colorado Boulder

General Licensing Class - University of Colorado Boulder

General Licensing Class Subelement G2, Questions Only Operating Procedures 6 Exam Questions, 6 Groups G2A01 Which sideband is most commonly used for phone communications on frequencies of 14 MHz or higher? A. Upper Sideband B. Lower Sideband C. Vestigial Sideband D. Double Sideband G2A02

on Which of the following modes is most commonly used for voice communications the 160, 75, and 40 meter bands? A. Upper Sideband B. Lower Sideband C. Vestigial Sideband D. Double Sideband G2A03

Which of the following is the most commonly used SSB voice communications in the VHF and UHF bands? A. Upper Sideband B. Lower Sideband C. Vestigial Sideband D. Double Sideband G2A04 Which mode is most commonly used for voice communications on the 17 and 12 meter bands?

A. Upper Sideband B. Lower Sideband C. Vestigial Sideband D. Double Sideband Which mode of voice communication is most commonly used on the high frequency amateur bands? G2A05

A. Frequency Modulation. B. Double sideband. C. Single sideband. D. Phase Modulation G2A06 Which of the following is an advantage when using single sideband as compared to other analog voice modes on the HF amateur bands? A. Very high fidelity voice modulation.

B. Less bandwidth used and high power efficiency. C. Ease of tuning on receive and immunity to impulse noise. D. Less subject to static crashes (atmospherics). Which of the following statements is true of the single sideband (SSB) voice mode? G2A07 A. Only one sideband and the carrier are transmitted; the other sideband is suppressed B. Only one sideband is transmitted; the other sideband and

carrier are suppressed C. SSB voice transmissions have higher average power than any other mode D. SSB is the only mode that is authorized on the 160, 75 and 40 meter amateur bands What is the recommended way to break into a conversation when using phone? G2A08

A. Say "QRZ" several times followed by your call sign B. Say your call sign during a break between transmissions from the other stations C. Say "Break" "Break" "Break" and wait for a response D. Say "CQ" followed by the call sign of either station G2A09 Why do most amateur stations use lower sideband on the 160, 75 and 40 meter bands? A. The lower sideband is more efficient than upper sideband at

these frequencies B. The lower sideband is the only sideband legal on these frequency bands C. Because it is fully compatible with an AM detector D. Current amateur practice is to use lower sideband on these frequency bands G2A10 Which of the following statements is true of SSB VOX operation? A. The received signal is more natural sounding.

B. VOX allows "hands free" operation. C. Frequency spectrum is conserved. D. Provides more power output. G2A11 What does the expression "CQ DX" usually indicate? A. A general call for any station B. The caller is listening for a station in Germany C. The caller is looking for any station outside their own country

D. A distress call G2B01 Which of the following is true concerning access to frequencies? A. Nets always have priority. B. QSOs in process always have priority. C. No one has priority access to frequencies, common courtesy should be a guide. D. Contest operations must always yield to non-contest use of frequencies.

G2B02 What is the first thing you should do if you are communicating with another amateur station and hear a station in distress break in? A. Continue your communication because you were on frequency first B. Acknowledge the station in distress and determine what

assistance may be needed C. Change to a different frequency D. Immediately cease all transmissions G2B03 If propagation changes during your contact and you

notice increasing interference from other activity on the frequency, what should you do? A. Tell the interfering stations to change frequency. B. Report the interference to your local Amateur Auxiliary Coordinator. C. As a common courtesy, move your contact to another frequency. D. Increase power to overcome interference. same G2B04

When selecting a CW transmitting frequency, what minimum frequency separation should you allow in order to minimize interference to stations on adjacent frequencies? A. 5 to 50 Hz B. 150 to 500 Hz C. 1 to 3 kHz D. 3 to 6 kHz What is the customary minimum frequency separation between SSB signals under normal conditions?

G2B05 A. Between 150 and 500 Hz B. Approximately 3 kHz C. Approximately 6 kHz D. Approximately 10 kHz What is a practical way to avoid harmful interference when selecting a frequency to call CQ on CW or phone? G2B06

A. Send QRL? on CW, followed by your call sign; or, if using phone, ask if the frequency is in use, followed by your call sign. B. Listen for 2 minutes before calling CQ. A. Send the letter V in Morse code several times and listen for a response. B. Send QSY on CW or if using phone, announce the frequency is in use, then send your call and listen for a response. G2B07 Which of the following complies with good amateur practice when choosing a frequency on which to initiate a call?

A. Check to see if the channel is assigned to another station. B. Identify your station by transmitting your call sign at least 3 times. C. Follow your voluntary band plan for the operating mode you intend to use. D. All of these choices are correct. G2B08 What is the DX window in a voluntary band plan? A. A portion of the band that should not be used for contacts between

stations within the 48 contiguous United States B. An FCC rule that prohibits contacts between stations within the United States and possessions on that band segment C. An FCC rule that allows only digital contacts in that portion of the band D. A portion of the band that has been set aside for digital contacts only G2B09 Who may be the control operator of an amateur station transmitting in RACES to relief operations during a disaster?

assist A. Only a person holding an FCC issued amateur operator license B. Only a RACES net control operator C.

A person holding an FCC issued amateur operator license or an appropriate government official. D. Any control operator when normal communication systems are operational G2B10 When may the FCC restrict normal frequency operations of amateur stations participating in RACES?

A. When they declare a temporary state of communication emergency B. When they seize your equipment for use in disaster communications C. Only when all amateur stations are instructed to stop transmitting D. When the Presidents War Emergency Powers have been invoked G2B11 What frequency should be used to send a distress call?

A. Whatever frequency has the best chance of communicating the distress message B. Only frequencies authorized for RACES or ARES stations. C. Only frequencies that are within your operating privileges

D. Only frequencies used by police, fire or emergency medical services G2B12 When is an amateur station allowed to use any means at its disposal to assist another station in distress? A. Only when transmitting in RACES B.

At any time when transmitting in an organized net. C. At any time during an actual emergency. D. Only on authorized HF frequencies Which of the following describes full break-in telegraphy (QSK)?

G2C01 A. Breaking stations send the Morse code prosign BK B. Automatic keyers are used to send Morse code instead of hand keys C. An operator must activate a manual send/receive switch before and after every transmission D. Incoming signals are received between transmitted code character elements G2C02 What should you do if a CW

station sends "QRS"? A. Send slower B. Change frequency C. Increase your power D. Repeat everything twice. G2C03 What does it mean when a CW operator sends "KN" at the end of a transmission? A. Listening for novice stations B. Operating full break-in C. Listening only for a specific station or stations D. Closing station now

G2C04 What does it mean when a CW operator sends "CL" at the end of a transmission? A. Keep frequency clear B. Operating full break-in C. Only for a specific station or stations D. Closing station What is the best speed to use answering a CQ in Morse Code? G2C05

A. The speed at which you are most comfortable copying B. The speed at which the CQ was sent C. A slow speed until contact is established D. 5 wpm, as all operators licensed to operate CW can copy this speed G2C06 What does the term zero beat mean in CW operation? A. Matching the speed of the transmitting station.

B. Operating split to avoid interference on frequency. C. Sending without error. D. Matching your transmit frequency of a received signal. G2C07 When sending CW, what does a C mean when added to the RST report? A. Chirpy or unstable signal B. Report was read from S meter reading rather than estimated C. 100 percent copy D. Key clicks G2C08 What prosign is sent to indicate the

end of a formal message when using CW ? A. SK B. BK C. AR D. KN G2C09 What does the Q signal "QSL" mean? A. Send slower

B. We have already confirmed by card C. I acknowledge receipt D. We have worked before G2C10 What does the Q signal "QRQ" mean? A. Slow down B. Send faster C. Zero beat my signal D. Quitting operation

G2C11 What does the Q signal QRV mean? A. You are sending too fast. B. There is interference on the frequency. C. I am quitting for the day. D. I am ready to receive messages. G2D01

What is the Amateur Auxiliary to the FCC? A. Amateur volunteers who are formally enlisted to monitor the airwaves for rules violations B. Amateur volunteers who conduct amateur licensing examinations C.

Amateur volunteers who conduct frequency coordination for amateur VHF repeaters D. Amateur volunteers who use their station equipment to help civil defense organizations in times of emergency G2D02 What are the objectives of the Amateur Auxiliary?

A. To conduct efficient and orderly amateur licensing examinations B. To encourage amateur self-regulation and compliance with the rules C. To coordinate repeaters for efficient and orderly spectrum usage D. To provide emergency and public safety communications G2D03 What skills learned during hidden transmitter hunts are of help to the Amateur Auxiliary? A. Identification of out of band operation

B. Direction-finding skills used to locate stations violating FCC Rules C. Identification of different call signs D. Hunters have an opportunity to transmit on non-amateur frequencies G2D04 What is an azimuthal projection map? A. A world map that shows accurate land masses. B. A world map projection centered on a particular location

C. A world map that shows the angle at which an amateur satellite crosses the equator D. A world map that shows the number of degrees longitude that an amateur satellite appears to move westward at the equator with each orbit G2D05 When is it permissible to communicate with amateur stations in countries outside the areas administered by the Federal Communications Commission? A. Only when the foreign country has a formal third party

agreement filed with the FCC. B. When the contact is with amateurs in any country except those whose administrations have notified the ITU that they object to such communications. C. When the contact is with amateurs in any country as long as the communications is conducted in English. D. Only when the foreign country is a member of the International Amateur Radio Union. How is a directional antenna pointed when making a longpath contact with another

station? G2D06 A. Toward the rising sun B. Along the Gray Line C. 180 degrees from its short-path heading D. Toward the North G2D07 Which of the following is required by the FCC rules when operating in the 60-meter band?

A. If you are using other than a dipole antenna, you must keep a record of the gain of your antenna. B. You must keep a log of the date, time, frequency, power level and stations worked. C. You must keep a log of all third party traffic. D. You must keep a log of the manufacturer of your equipment and the antenna used. Why do many amateurs keep a log even though the FCC doesn't require it? G2D08

A. The ITU requires a log of all international contacts B. The ITU requires a log of all international third party traffic C. The log provides evidence of operation needed to renew a license without retest D. To help with a reply if the FCC requests information What information is traditionally contained in a station Date and time of contact log? G2D09 A.

B. Band and/or frequency of the contact C. Call sign of station contacted and the signal report given D. All of these choices are correct G2D10 What is QRP operation? A. Remote Piloted Model control. B. Low power transmit operation. C. Transmission using Quick Response Protocol D. Traffic Relay Procedure net operation

Which HF antenna would be the best to use for minimizing interference? A. A quarter wave vertical antenna G2D11 B. An isotropic antenna C. A unidirectional antenna D. An omnidirectional antenna G2E01 Which mode is normally used when sending an

RTTY signal via AFSK with an transmitter? A. USB B. DSB C. CW D. LSB G2E02 How many data bits are sent in a single PSK31 character? A. The number varies B. 5

C. 7 D. 8 What part of a data packet contains the routing and handling information? G2E03 A. Directory B. Preamble C. Header D. Footer

Which of the following 20 meter band segments is most often used for most data transmissions? G2E04 A. 14.000 - 14.050 MHz B. 14.070 - 14.100 MHz C. 14.150 - 14.225 MHz D. 14.275 - 14.350 MHz

G2E05 Which of the following describes Baudot Code? A. 7-bit code, with start, stop and parity bits. B. A code using error detection and correction. C. 5-bit code, with additional start and stop bits. D. A code using SELCAL and LISTEN. G2E06

What is the most common frequency shift for RTTY emissions amateur HF bands? A. 85 Hz B. 170 Hz C. 425 Hz D. 850 Hz in the

G2E07 What does the abbreviation "RTTY"stand for? A. Returning To You B. Radio-Teletype C. A general call to all digital stations D. Repeater Transmission Type What segment of the 80 meter band is

most commonly used for data transmissions? G2E08 A. 3570 3600 kHz B. 3500 3525 kHz C. 3700 3750 kHz D. 3775 3825 kHz G2E09 In what segment of the 20 meter band are most PSK31 operations commonly found?

A. At the bottom of the slow-scan segment, near 14.230 MHz. B. At the top of the SSB phone segment, near 14.325 MHz. C. In the middle of the CW segment, near 14.100 MHz D. Below the RTTY segment, near 14.070 MHz. G2E10 A. What is a major advantage of MFSK16 compared to other digital modes? It is much higher speed than RTTY

B. It is much narrower bandwidth than most digital modes C. It has built-in error correction D. It offers good performance in weak signal environment without error correction G2E11 What does the abbreviation MFSK" stand for? A. Manual Frequency Shift Keying B. Multi (or Multiple) Frequency Shift Keying

C. Manual Frequency Sideband Keying D. Multi (or Multiple) Frequency Sideband Keying G2E12 How does the receiving station respond to an ARQ data mode packet containing errors? A. Terminates the contact. B. Requests the packet be retransmitted. C. Sends the packet back to the transmitting station. D. Requests a change in transmitting protocol.

In the PACTOR protocol, what is meant by an NAK response to a transmitted packet? G2E13 A. The receiver is requesting the packet be re-transmitted. B. The receiver is reporting the packet was received without error. C. The receiver is busy decoding the packet. D. The entire file has been received correctly.

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