French Revolution

French Revolution

FRENCH REVOLUTION PART 2 1789-1794 Tennis Court Oath As the Estates-General failed due to the disagreement between the Three Estates in regards to how to vote the Third Estate decided to take actions into its own hands. Tennis Court Oath

On June 20th, the members of the National Assembly marched off to a nearby Tennis Court. There they swore a solemn oath never to separate until a fair government had been set up.

This was a turning point in the Revolution. It was a direct challenge to the Kings authority. Fall of the Bastille After the success of the Tennis Court Oath, many Parisians began

to act more violently. Louis XVI ordered his troops to concentrate its forces on Paris, but the King could not be sure of the loyalty of his forces. Many soldiers had suffered under his rule just as the peasants had. Fall of the Bastille

On July 14th, 1789, a vast crowd marched on the prison-fortress of the Bastille, where the government held a store of arms and ammunition. Why do you think attacking and destroying the Bastille was such a significant event in the nationalistic movement of the French Revolution? Fall of the Bastille

The Bastilles defenders consisted of a few soldiers. The crowd surged forward and tore down the gates of the Bastille and then began to rip it apart brick by brick. What was the significance of the fall of the Bastille in terms of the power and authority of the King? Declaration of the Rights of Man

The first key measure taken by the National Assembly was the formal abolition of the old feudal system. This was followed by the creation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man. A document setting out the basic principles of the new order.

Equal rights, freedom of expressions, etc. King in Versailles Meanwhile, Louis XVI remained inactive in Versailles and refused to accept the decrees on the reforming of the old order. In the fall of 1789 thousands of women marched to Versailles and confronted the king. The crowd insisted the king and his family return to Paris.

He complied and they moved to the Tuileries Palace in Paris. He virtually became a prisoner in Paris. Palace of Versailles This is a picture of the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles. Considering this picture, why do you suppose some of the people from France were angry with the King and his wife?

Marie Antoinette Originally from Austria, she was married to Louis XVI and became the Queen of France. Marie Antoinette Consider the following pictures... What do you think the French peasants would have thought of her? The Civil Constitution of the Clergy

In November of 1789 the National Assembly attempting to get control of the huge national dept confiscated the land owned by the Roman Catholic Church. As well, both bishops and priests were to be elected by the people and paid by the state. Caused great tension between the church and the revolution.

The Constitution of 1791 Despite its troubles the National Assembly continued its efforts to draft a new constitution. By 1791 it had completed the constitution which established a limited constitutional monarch. The power was with the Legislative Assembly in which 745 representatives would be voted in.

Old distinctions between clergy, nobles and commoners disappeared. The king and his family attempted to flee but were captured and returned to Paris. The Revolution Deepens As the Revolution pushed forward, other European nations began to respond. What do you think other nations around Europe would be interested in the

Revolution in France? Execution of the King In 1792, the National assembly was replaced by the more radical National Convention. Confirmed the abolition of the monarchy.

After long deliberation, the Convention decided to make the King stand trial for treason. Why would they make him stand trial for treason? Execution of the King He was found guilty and

sentenced to death. On January 21st, 1793 Louis XVI was executed by guillotine. I die innocent of all crimes of which I have been charged and I pardon those

who have brought about my death. Guillotine The guillotine is introduced into France by Dr. Joseph Ignace Guillotine, on the basis that is a more effective and humane means of execution than the tradition axe, which could take

several blows to remove the head. Reign of Terror Following Louis XVIs execution in 1793 a struggle developed between the different groups of revolutionaries. Among one of the groups was one of the leading forces of the Revolution: Maximilien

Robespierre. Called the incorruptible because of his honesty. Obsessed with the need for virtue in government. Eliminated anyone who stood in his way, even innocent people. Reign of Terror Robespierre made many political enemies and as a result, suffered the

same fate as Louis XVI. Reign of Terror There was a lot of mistrust among the different Revolutionary groups. This marked the beginning of the Terror. Fear and violence intended to

eliminate all opposition by whatever means. Many people were killed by guillotine from paranoia a fear that the Revolution was going to be halted. Revolution Restrained As the tensions began to lessen, the National Convention turned over power to a new government known as the Directory.

A more stable government. Stronger economic footing. Consequences of the French Rev. Considering everything youve learned about the French Revolution, why do you think it is still considered such an important event, even today?

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