Fertilization and Development - Weebly

Fertilization and Development - Weebly

2. What is What are gametes? How are fertilization? Where does it occur? the produced? 1. Do Now separate sheet of paper 3. What is the path of the

unfertilized egg? Sperm? compare/contrast: - testes/overies - Testosterone/ estrogen 5. 4. How are the egg and sperm

similar? 6. Reproductive Structure Review Using the pieces to label the male and female reproductive systems. Then list the parts in each respective system and create a #function for each structure. C- level 2 H ask three before me and use your notebook! A- complete the labeling and #functions for each part of the male and female reproductive system M- remain seated at your assigned table. Moving around will be a

strike! P- work with your partner to label but each student needs to fill in their activity sheet! Success! Fertilization and Development w does the fetus develop from fertilization to bi Path of an egg- review

Where is the egg produce Ovary Where is the egg fertilize Fallopian tube Where does the fetus dev Uterus Fertilization An egg is fertilized when a single sperm penetrates the

membrane of the egg cell Once a sperm has entered the egg cell, the membrane of the egg changes and prevents any other sperm from entering Once the egg is fertilized, it is called a zygote Occurs in upper 1/3 of Fallopian tube . Cleavage

Occurs after fertilization and zygote is formed Repeated mitotic divisions of zygote 1st step to becoming multicellular Zygote blastula Implantation Blastocyst are implanted into thick walls of uterus Chorion membranes dig into uterus to form placenta Fertilization Zygote Blastocyst implantation

in uterus Amniotic Sac & Placenta Amniotic Sac: filled with fluid to protect the developing embryo Placenta: organ that allows nutrients and oxygen to be passed between the mother and embryo Placenta Umbilical Cord

Amniotic Sac Umbilical Cord: the channel that connects to the placenta and allows air and nutrients to travel to the fetus Fetal Development: Trimesters & the Mother Gestation (gestational period) the 9 month

period of development (in humans) from fertilization to childbirth Pregnancy = 3 stages called trimesters (3 months each) The baby is ready to be born starting at about 38 weeks 40 weeks is considered full term A fetus typically wont survive if born much before midway through the third trimester First Trimester: Weeks 1-12

Zygote Weeks 1-2 Balstocy st Embryo Week 38 Fetus

When the zygote begins to divide, a blastocyst is formed (a hollow ball of cells) which then implants into the wall of the uterus The blastocyst is considered an embryo once the major body structures begin to form First Trimester: weeks 1-12 Period of rapid growth Zygote becomes an Embryo when: (week 3-8) Major body structures start to form (brain, spinal cord, heart, external

organs) embryo produces own blood and starts to move Embryo becomes a Fetus: (weeks 8-12) Second Trimester: Weeks 1324 Fetus grows rapidly Movement is felt by mother Fetal heartbeat can be heard Internal organs start maturing (working)

Hiccup and swallow Soft hair grows (lanugo) Wake and sleep cycles are regular Fetus can hear mothers sounds. Third Trimester: Weeks 25-40 Growth continues and all organ systems mature in preparation for birth. eyes are open when awake and closed when asleep Brain and nerve connections

increase Birth Birth: Begins with contractions (labor) and continues until the baby and placenta emerge. There are 3 stages of labor-birth STAGE 1: Strong contractions occur, the cervix dilates and baby is head down. STAGE 2: Baby pushes through cervix and out of the vaginal canal. STAGE 3: Contractions continue to expel the placenta

QKA: right side (pg 70) Which of the following is true of fetal development in the first trimester of a pregnancy? A. The fetus is mostly a cluster of cells without form during the first trimester. B. It takes the full first trimester for the fetus to develop its hair and body fat. C. The major body structures develop in their basic form during the first trimester. D. The fetus depends on the mother's blood flowing through the

Honors: Virtual lab! Grab a laptop and head to www.beckbio.weebly.com click on the 3 lines at the top left and select labs. Select the human development lab. Open the document and click on the link. Select Yes and Allow Flash! C- Level 1 voice (whisper if you have questions) H- Ask three before me

A- Complete the virtual human development lab M- Remain seated at your desk (If you are up walking around without permission it will result in a 0 for this lab) P- Independently complete the virtual lab Success! Left Side Activity What is the relationship?

Compare, contrast or identify the relationship between the two words. 1. Fetus / Embryo 2. Fertilization / Implantation 3. Amniotic Sac / Placenta 4. Trimester / Gestation 5. Zygote / Embryo 6. 1st trimester / 2nd trimester 7. 2nd trimester / 3rd trimester Baby Book/Comic Project

Task: Create a baby book with pictures and descriptions from conception to birth. The book must be hand written but may include digital pictures. The goal is to take more of a creative approach to explaining the key points of development occurring at each stage. The could be a creative story about your personal development or a fictional baby. Each section in the book (listed on the rubric) should be its own page. Descriptions should be scientifically accurate and not explicit. You must pass in your rubric with the project or you will lose 10 points. The rubric has EVERYTHING on there that you need to

do. The project will be worth 50 points. Exit ticket Clear your desk!!! Which of the following describes part of a baby's development in the second trimester of pregnancy? A. The fetus turns into a head-down position in the uterus. B. The fetus develops fat under the skin and practices breathing movements. C. The fetus is in the embryonic stage, and the amniotic sac

forms. D.The fetus grows soft hair called lanugo over its skin and can swallow and hiccup. The drinking of alcoholic beverages by a pregnant woman is harmful to the development of her fetus. This is most damaging early in a pregnancy because during this time A. the lungs of the fetus become functional. B. alcohol can easily enter the mouth of the fetus. C. many of the essential organs of the fetus are forming.

D. the fetus cannot excrete wastes. Which of the following describes fertilization? A. cell differentiation to form a blastula B. formation of germ layers in a deuterostome C. a sperm joining an egg to form a zygote Abnormalities present in the cells that line the uterus may prevent the production of

offspring by directly interfering with which process? A. the development of the embryo B. the differentiation of gametes into zygotes C. the secretion of estrogen by the ovary D. the production and release of egg cells

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