Plan your campaign Extremism Extremists of all persuasions try to paint the world as black and white, accentuating division and difference, and exploiting fears based on ignorance or prejudice (DCSF) What is Extremism? In groups of 2-3 agree on a definition of what you think Extremism is:
HM Government defines extremism as: "vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs". http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-27777892 Extremism is . Extremist a person who holds extreme political or religious
views Problems arise when views lead to dangerous or criminal behaviour or incitement to hatred Most people who believe in a religion or a political or animal rights cause are not extremists but such causes have sometimes attracted extremists who have resorted to violence and intimidation. Extremists operate either as organised groups or lone wolves, eg Anders Behring Breivik; David Copeland But what does it look like?
Imam Asim Hafiz, an Islamic adviser to the Ministry of Defence and the British armed forces' first Muslim chaplain Christopher Potter, 20 and Maria Neal, 21. Animal Rights Extremists. Caused more than 12000 of damage in six attacks Billy Wright, Loyalist Paramilitary Threatened with execution by his
own terrorist organisation Responsible for more than 20 sectarian killings Anders Behring Breivik (Norwegian pronunciation: [ n ber brivik]; born 13 February 1979) is the perpetrator of the 2011 Norway attacks. On 22 July 2011, he bombed government buildings in Oslo, killing eight people. He then killed 69 more people, mostly teenagers, in a mass shooting at a Workers' Youth League (AUF) camp on the island of Utya. In August 2012 he was convicted of mass murder, causing a fatal explosion, and
terrorism. Ref Wikipedia David Copeland (born 15 May 1976) is an English Neo-Nazi militant who became known as the "London Nail Bomber" after a 13-day bombing campaign in April 1999 aimed at London's black, Bangladeshi and gay communities that resulted in three people killed and more than a hundred injured. Widely labelled a terrorist, Copeland was a former member of two far-right political groups, the British National Party and then the National Socialist Movement. Over three successive weekends between 17 and 30 April, Copeland placed
homemade nail bombs, each containing up to 1,500 four-inch nails, in holdalls that he left in public spaces around London. The first bomb was placed outside the Iceland supermarket in Electric Avenue, Brixton, an area of south London with a large black population. The second was in Brick Lane in the East End of London, which has a large Bangladeshi community. The third was inside the Admiral Duncan pub in Soho's Old Compton Street, the heart of London's gay community. The bombs killed three people, including a pregnant woman, and injured 139, four of whom lost limbs. Ref Wikipedia Extremist Groups Can you think of any Extremist Groups that have been in the news?
Extremist Groups: Examples Extremist groups use direct illegal action to promote their cause. Here are some examples: English Defence League (origins in football) Al-Qaeda Animal Liberation Front Real IRA Islamic terrorist groups The English Defence League (EDL) is a far-right street protest movement which focuses on opposition to what it considers
to be a spread of Islamism and Sharia in the United Kingdom. The EDL has been described as Islamophobic. The group has faced confrontations with various groups, including Unite Against Fascism (UAF). In October 2013 the group's co-founders, Tommy Robinson and Kevin Carroll, left the group, Robinson citing concerns over the "dangers of farright extremism". He was replaced as leader by Tim Ablitt. EDL.Extremist Organisation? Attacked police during demonstrations Threatened Journalist EDL Members guilty of attacking mosque "vocal or active opposition to fundamental
British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs". Animal Liberation Front Connected with: Bombings Attacks on people Attacks on business and personal property The Animal Liberation Front (ALF) carries out direct action against animal abuse in the form of rescuing animals and causing financial
loss to animal exploiters, usually through the damage and destruction of property Their long term aim is to end all animal suffering by forcing animal abuse companies out of business. Because ALF actions may be against the law, activists work anonymously, either in small groups or individually http://www.animalliberationfront.com Almost 100 people connected to the farm were targeted. Explosive devices were sent to
some, mail threatening to kill and maim to others. There were attacks on homes, cars and businesses. For months, activists taunted the Halls, telling them the body would be returned if they closed the farm "You assumed the right to dictate which lawful activities you would The militants included a vicar's son and a psychiatric nurse permit and which you would not.
You sought to enforce your views Some of the hate mail was signed the Animal Liberation not by lawful protest but by Front, others the Animal Rights subjecting wholly innocent citizens Militia to a campaign of terror." Judge Michael Pert Danger Signs Groups will not use the word extremist to describe themselves so look out for the danger signs y
e h t uld o c t a h W ?
e b Danger Signs Does the group state that it will use any means in the name of its cause? Is it prepared to use violence or violent protest even just as a last resort? Does it express negative attitudes towards other groups such as Muslims; Christians; LGBT groups; people from different ethnic groups? Are its members prepared to engage in illegal activity such as damaging property or sending
bomb hoaxes? Does it engage in activities that may put others at risk of harm? True or False True or False? YouLook can at spot withbelow. extreme thesomeone
statements Decide which beliefs purely by looking at them. are true and which are false. Extremism always leads to violence. Extremism can apply to issues such as nuclear weapons, rights for fathers and
animal testing. Extremism exists all over the world Some extremist groups believe that they are following Gods instructions. Extremist groups sometimes target susceptible young people. True or False True or False? YouLook can at spot
withbelow. extreme thesomeone statements Decide False which beliefs purely by looking at them.
are true and which are false. Extremism always leads to violence. False Extremism can apply to issues such as True nuclear weapons, rights for fathers and animal testing. Extremism exists all over the world True
Some extremist groups believe that they are following Gods instructions. True Extremist groups sometimes target susceptible young people. True Law relating to extremism
Extremism crosses the line between freedom of speech/legal protest and criminal activity. Extremists may be convicted on a range of different charges such as inciting racial or religious hatred; soliciting murder; terrorism; and using the Internet to stir up racial hatred, religious hatred, or hatred based on sexual orientation Many of these carry jail sentences Ignite DAPA Ignite 2 - YouTube
Discussion Why was Aaron drawn into terrorist activities? Which kinds of people do you think might be vulnerable to recruitment by extremist? Why? Aaron was vulnerable Bullied and marginalised Lonely Negative changes in his life Needed to belong; to feel accepted; to have
friends Organisation took advantage of vulnerability and used grooming techniques Radicalisation Radicalisation is the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism leading to terrorism Students are often targets and are especially vulnerable to online radicalisation Grooming techniques are used that are similar to those used in
sexual grooming But it wont happen in DorsetWill it? Attempted Nail bombing of the Giraffe Caf in Exeter (55 miles) Nicky Reilly White Muslim convert
Mohammed Rasheed Vulnerable person who was radicalised by a group of men he started hanging around with in hometown of Plymouth Noted by friends that he was on his computer all the time and he changed his wallpaper on his computer to a picture of the Twin Towers A friend later said Everyone thought it was weird and something was going on but I didnt think it was anything as serious as terrorism. He once said he goes to 'secret meetings when no-one is allowed if they are not a Muslim. http://www.telegraph.co.uk
Richard Dart (born Weymouth, Dorset) is a Muslim convert who plotted to attack soldiers at Wootton Bassett. Richard Dart He was sentenced in 2013 for engaging in conduct in preparation of acts of terrorism. Dart pleaded guilty to plotting to target Royal Wootton Bassett, the Wilshire town where mourners gathered to pay their respects to British troops killed in Afghanistan. Evidence was
heard that he was radicalized by British Islamist Anjem Choudary and trained at terrorism camps in Pakistan. Ref The Independent Tackling Extremism There are ways to tackle extremism without resorting to hatred or violence.
The English Disco Lovers (EDL) are a pro-equality group, who use humour (and disco!) to ridicule the English Defence League (EDL). Their message Dont Hate, Gyrate Can you think of other ways? What to do? Are Universities doing enough to combat extremism? http://www.edl.me/ So who amongst you
could be an extremist? Dont do nothing.. If you are concerned that you or a friend are being drawn into extremist activity, tell someone. Student Support (01305 215121 or [email protected] or talk to us in person) Your Course Manager or a tutor that you trust Your parents or carers or social worker Phone the Safeguarding number on the back of your ID 07500 661340 or after 5.00 oclock 07774 864778
Contact Childline 0800 1111 or chat on line at www.childline.org.uk
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