Experiment 4-4: Determination of Glucose in Blood Serum

Experiment 4-4: Determination of Glucose in Blood Serum

Experiment 4-4: Determination of Glucose in Blood Serum Procedure Preparation of Glucose Samples Stock solution: Dissolve 1.00g of glucose in water in 100mL volumetric flask

Standard 1: dilute 5mL of stock solution to 100mL in volumetric flask Standard 2: dilute 10mL of stock solution to 100mL in volumetric flask Standard 3: dilute 20mL of stock solution to 100mL in volumetric flask Standard 4: dilute 30mL of stock solution to 100mL in volumetric flask Test Tubes #1: 10mL of otoluidine reagent (in glacial acetic acid), 0.1mL of Standard 1

#3: 10mL of otoluidine reagent (in glacial acetic acid), 0.1mL of Standard 3 #2: 10mL of otoluidine reagent (in glacial acetic acid), 0.1mL of Standard 2 #4: 10mL of otoluidine reagent (in glacial acetic acid),

0.1mL of Standard 4 Test Tubes continued #5-7: 10mL of otoluidine reagent (in glacial acetic acid), 0.1mL of blood serum sample #8 (blank): 10mL of otoluidine reagent (in glacial acetic acid), 0.1mL of water

Cover test tubes with Parafilm and mix well to increase probability of collision between reactants. Reagents and Reaction Reaction between glucose (an aldehyde) and o-toluidine (a primary aryl amine) in glacial acetic acid Imine formation mechanism A carbinolamine is an intermediate formed Heating and Cooling

Put all test tubes in boiling water AT THE SAME TIME for exactly 7.5 minutes To make reaction go forward: this reaction is reversible To expose all test tubes to the same exact environment in order to have accurate absorbance readings Cool test tubes on ice for 2 minutes and wait 5 minutes after taking them out of ice bath before taking absorbance To make solutions suitable for taking

absorbance measurements in spectrophotometer Absorbance Take all absorbencies at 630nm against blank (Test Tube #8) 630nm is the wavelength of red light, the complimentary color of green, which is the

color of the imine complex product Quiz Question What is the purpose of taking the absorbance of the first four test tubes? They are used to make the calibration curve, from which the concentration of glucose in the serum sample can be calculated using the absorbance of the sample.

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