Everlasting Flowers - University of Idaho

Everlasting Flowers - University of Idaho

Permanent & Preserved Botanicals Advantages to Permanent & Preserved Botanicals

Made prior to sale Store easily No water Container Time

Stem length No wilting Dismantled Exact colors Allergies

Relatively inexpensive Disadvantages to Permanent & Preserved Botanicals Dust, fading, outdated

Storage Lack fragrance Not really permanent Permanent Botanicals

Artificial flowers: a general term for products manufactured to simulate natural plant materials. Permanent flowers and foliage: nonperishable plant materials such as

fabric-based artificial flowers. Artificial Flowers Artificial Flowers

Permanent Botanicals Silk flowers: artificial plant materials constructed with a wide variety of fabrics, not necessarily made of silk.

Fabric flowers: an artificial flower or other plant material made from any of several different types of fabric. Fabrics such as Rayon, linen, cotton, polyester, silk, etc. are frequently used.

Plastic flowers: a term originally used to define artificial flowers made from polyurethane Artificial Flowers

Artificial Flowers Artificial Flowers

Artificial greenery & branches Artificial Greenery Artificial Greenery

Artificial Greenery Permanent Botanicals Poly-vinyl chloride/PVC: a general term

used to define artificial evergreens, such as pine, fir, and spruce, manufactured from PVC and used to make wreaths, garlands, Christmas trees, etc.

Permanent Botanicals Botanically correct: manufactured or assembled in a way that accurately reproduces the appearance or habit of a natural plant material.

Latex botanical flower: an artificial plant material having stems, leaves, and/or petals coated with a latex-based product to simulate the feel and appearance of realism.

Permanent Botanicals Permanent Botanicals

Permanent Botanicals Hand wrapped: a category of artificial plant materials whose stems have been covered with floral tape. The item has been assembled and taped by hand vs.

machine. Molded stem: an artificial plant material having a synthetic stem which is made in a mold which gives it a botanically correct shape, texture, and overall appearance.

Permanent Botanicals Plastic stemmed: an artificial plant material having a polyurethane stem with a wire core and fabric flowers and leaves

that have snap-on attachment. Natural stemmed: a permanent botanical specimen with an authentic, dried stem from a natural plant material, such as a branch, on which artificial foliage and/or

flowers are secured. Permanent Botanicals Bush: a typically inexpensive cluster of artificial flowers with stems joined together

at the base into a single unit. Permanent Botanicals Petal count: the number of flower petals manufactured to duplicate the natural

bloom. A higher petal count can achieve a more realistic construction in flowers such as a peony or an open rose. Generally, the more layers of petals and artificial flower has, the higher the cost.

Double-petaled: hand wrapped artificial flowers having wire placed between two layers of a petal, resulting in a more realistic appearance.

Preserved Botanicals Dried flowers: fresh plant materials that are preserved by means of moisture removal. Everlasting: a general term for dried

flowers and seed heads which dry naturally, retaining their original appearance. Examples include plant materials such as statice, yarrow, globe amaranth, wheat, etc., that do not require

a special preservation method. Preserved Botanicals Preserved flowers/foliage: plant materials that have been treated in a way, such as

by using glycerin, that prevents them from drying out. Glycerin: an organic oil- or fat-based liquid used for preserving foliage and some flowers. When properly absorbed

by the stems, it keeps plant materials soft and pliable. Preserved foliage

Glycerin preserved hydrangea Glycerin preserved foliage Preserved Botanicals

Desiccant: a substance that absorbs moisture; e.g., sand, alum, borax, cornmeal, and silica gel; often used to dry flowers and foliage. Silica gel: a highly absorbent, amorphous

form of silica that resembles white sand, used chiefly as a dehydrating agent for drying fresh plant materials Preserved Botanicals

Freeze drying: a process of drying plant materials. Materials are first frozen, then ice crystals are slowly removed from the plant cells through a vacuum system within a freeze-drying unit. Most flowers

retain shape, suppleness, texture and color. Freeze-dried Rose petals

Freeze-dried dendrobium orchid Air drying: a method of drying fresh flowers and foliage by leaving them out of water in the open air and allowing

moisture of dissipate, often accomplished by hanging the plant material upsidedown. Preserved Botanicals Rack drying: a method of drying fresh

materials by laying the plant material on an elevated, flat surface or screen to allow free movement of air, permitting moisture in the material to dissipate Hanging: a method of air drying by

hanging plant materials upside-down so as to prevent flower heads from drooping, thereby retaining their natural position. Air dried cockscomb

Air dried sunflowers Preserved green roses

Air Dried flowers Air-dried wreath Air-dried lavender

Parchment paper roses Hand-made paper roses

Flowers made out of Sola wood Preserved Botanicals Kiln drying: a method of removing moisture from plant materials by placing

the plant or flower structures into a low temperature (100 degree) conventional oven. Microwave drying: a preservation method whereby plant materials are placed in

silica gel and heated in a microwave oven to quickly remove moisture from the plant material. Preserved Botanicals

Pressing: a method of drying plant materials between absorbent sheets of paper upon which weight or pressure is applied, resulting in flattened specimens.

Pressing Pressed Flower Stickers Pressed Flower Pictures

Pressed Flower Pictures Pressed Flower Pictures

Pressed Flower Pictures Pressed Flower Pictures Preserved Botanicals

Potpourri: a mixture of dried and preserved petals, herbs, and other materials, either naturally fragrant or blended with oils or spices, used to perfume rooms and personal items.

Potpourri Preserved Botanicals Acrylic water: a product composed of two

liquids which, when mixed together, gradually harden into a transparent solid that resembles clear water. Acrylic water is often used in glass vase arrangement of artificial flowers to create the appearance of fresh flowers arranged in

water. Acrylic water Preserved Botanicals

Moss: a small, primitive, spore-bearing plant found growing in damp areas on soil, bark, rocks, etc. Sheet & Spanish Moss

Gathering Plant Material for preserving Dry day in afternoonno dew Very best specimens

Cut with sharp pruning shears Place in water Avoid over mature materials Before shedding pollen Avoid endangered, protected, toxic

Storing preserved plant material Hang in bunches Layered between tissue paper Glycerin flowers store alone

Maintenance and cleaning Clean once a week Foliage cleaners and conditioners Salt

Blow dryer Feather duster Soft paintbrush Cloth Swish in warm soapy water

Store unused in box or bag Examples of Student Activities Pressed Flower Designs

Drying methodsborax vs. hanging Permanent Arrangements

Permanent Arrangements Permanent Wreath Permanent Arrangements

Permanent Arrangement

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