Active Voice & Passive Voice in Simple Present Tense and Simple Past Tense PASSIVE VOICE How to form Passive Voice? Verb to be (Tense) + Past Participle
I was only hired a week ago. Why do we use Passive Voice? When the agent is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context To make more polite or formal statements When the action is more important than the agent, as in processes, instructions, events, reports, headlines, news items, and advertisements To put emphasis on the agent
Active Verbs & Passive Verbs Active = Doer + Active verb + Receiver Passive = Receiver + Passive verb + Doer Active Voice Subject (doer) Mrs Chan
Active Verb washes Object (receiver) the dishes. Passive Voice Object (receiver)
The dishes Active Verb are washed Subject (doer) by Mrs Chan Active Voice
Subject (doer) Our class Active Verb won Object (receiver) the first prize. Passive Voice
Subject Passive (receiver) Verb The first prize was won Object (doer) by our class. Exercise 1: Choose Active or Passive
Put A for Active, P for Passive: 1. The boy banged on the table. 2. A girl was bitten by a dog. 3. Mrs Wong washes her car every Sunday. 4. The library was broken into last night. 5. I lost my dictionary. 6. The floor is swept by the maid. [ [ [ [
[ [ ] ] ] ] ] ] Choose Active or Passive (Answers)
Put A for Active, P for Passive: 1. The boy banged on the table. [A] 2. A girl was bitten by a dog. [ P] 3. The floor is swept by the maid. [ P] 4. The library was broken into last night. [P] 5. I lost my dictionary. [A] 6. Mrs Wong washes her car every Sunday. [A]
Active Voice & Passive Voice in Simple Present & Simple Past Tenses Simple Present Tense Verb to be +
Past Participle is / am / are + Past Participle e.g. The boys are punished by the Headmistress. The cat is fed by Lily. I am taught by Miss Tam.
Compare active and passive sentences in Present Tense Active: Someone locks the office every evening. Passive: The office is locked every evening. Exercise 2: Multiple Choice 1. The fire ___________ is put out by the firemen. A. puts
B. is put C. put make 2. The girls ______________ a sandwich. A. make B. are made C. is made 3. A present ____________ was given to me.
A. gave B. was given c. given Exercise 3: Fill in the blanks There is a dog which 1)_______(call) is called Bubbles. It 2) ___________ is owned (own) by Michael Johnson. It 3)_________ is kept (keep) in his home. It 4)___________
is fed (feed) every day by Michael Johnson himself. It 5) __________(dress) in is dressed funny clothes. It 6)_________(say) is said that Bubbles is Johnsons only friend. Exercise 4: Change active to passive
1) The policemen catch the thief. Ans: The thief is caught by the policemen. 2) The girl puts on a beautiful dress. Ans: A beautiful dress is put on by the girl. Exercise 5: Change passive to active 1) The dishes are washed by Amy. Ans: Amy washes the dishes. 2) The car is repaired by John and Peter. Ans: John and Peter repair the car.
Simple Past Tense Verb to be + Past Participle was / were +
Past Participle e.g. The man was knocked down by the car. Some oranges were eaten by the child. Compare active and passive sentences in Past Tense Active: Someone locked the office last evening. Passive: The office was locked last evening. Exercise 6: Multiple Choice
1. A song ____________ was sung by Leon Lai. A) sang B) was sung C) sung 2. These houses _________ were built by the workmen. A) built B) was built C) were built
3. Diana __________ in 1997. died A) die B) died C) was died Exercise 7: Fill in the blanks Two men were seen breaking into a house in my street last night. The police 1) __________ were called (call) and they arrived very
quickly. One man 2) ___________ was caught (catch) immediately. The other escaped, but he 3) was _________ (find) very soon. Both men found 4) __________ (take) to the police station were taken and 5) _____________ (question)separatewere questioned ly by a police officer. The two men 6)
___________ (charge) with burglary. were charged Exercise 8: Change active to passive 1) I drew a picture yesterday. Ans: A picture was drawn by me yesterday. 2) Sally bought some books two days ago. Ans: Some books were bought by Sally two days ago. Exercise 9: Change passive to
active 1) The problems were solved by Jack. Ans: Jack solved the problems. 2) The house was painted by Mr Ng. Ans: Mr Ng painted the house. Revision Exercises Revision Exercise A: Multiple Choice 1. His secretary _____________ wrote
that report la st Friday. A) writes B) is written C) wrote D) was written 2. My diamond watch _________ was stolen by a thief y esterday. A) B)
C) D) steals is stolen stole was stolen 3. Mary always _________ takes care of her baby sister. A)
B) C) D) takes is taken took was taken 4. The furniture _________ is dusted by my mother ery day.
A) B) C) D) dusts is dusted dusted was dusted ev
Revision Exercise B: Fill in the blanks Fred owns (own) a fast food shop in Central. Food, drinks and snacks ___________________ are prepared (prepare) by his workers early every morning. This morning, when Fred ______(enter) the kitchen of his fast food shop, he saw that everybody was very busy. It seemed that two jobs ____________ entered (do) at the same time by every worker in the kitchen.
were done He _____ (be) very happy. Sandwiches _____________ (toast) while tea _____________ (make). Potato chips ________ (fry) while apple pies __________ (bake). was _______ (like) to buy fish and were toasted Many people were made chips at Freds fast food shop. Besides,
more than 300fried chicken wings _________ (sell) every day. baked were were like were sold The End
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