Culture Clash on the Prairie

First Five Questions Name as many Native American tools/weapons, materials as you can In what ways are Native American and White American culture different from one another?

Culture Clash on the Prairie Westward Expansion and Native Americans Eastern View of the West Easterners know very little about the West

Developed tribes exist on the Great Plains Believe land is controlled by Savages Great Plains: Grassland in the West/Central US Sioux, Cheyenne, Pawnee Tribes The Great Plains

Plains Indians The Horse and Buffalo Horses come to North America with the Spanish Become part of Native lifestyle

Indians roam the plains to hunt Buffalo Meat for food, skins for clothing Bones for tools, hides for shelter Products from the Buffalo Westward Expansion

American settlers begin to move West Lured by gold and silver Open land to own and farm Natives dont believe in land ownership

Land is roamed and shared, not owned Government Intervenes 1830s: US Govt makes GP one big reservation 1850: Govt shrinks the size of Indian lands

Protected lands for Indians to roam and hunt Indians ignore US govt, continue to hunt area Natives begin to clash with settlers Westward Expansion

Westward Expansion Culture Clash Massacre and Sand Creek

200 warriors, 500 women and children killed US Army responsible 150 more killed on November 29th, 1864 Crazy Horse attacks US Soldiers Kills 80 Fetterman Massacre Treaty of Fort Laramie

Sioux agree to live on reservation Sitting Bull (Sioux Leader) refuses to sign

Plot of land along Missouri River Other Sioux leaders disagree with Sitting Bull Battles continue throughout the plains Gold Rush in the Black Hills

Gold discovered in North Dakota Indians protest Whites in Indian Territories Whites move in, Army protects them Custers Last Stand

George A. Custer commands the 7th Cavalry Orders men into Little Bighorn River Valley Crazy Horse, Gall, and Sitting Bull waiting Custers men are slaughtered The Battle of Little Bighorn

Battle of Little Bighorn Assimilation By 1876, the Indians are defeated Many people believe in assimilation Assimilation: Indians give up their culture

Become part of White Society Dawes Act (1887): Reservations are broken up Land give to individual Natives

Rest of land sold to settlers By the 1930s, Natives lose 2/3 of their land Wounded Knee December 28th, 1890:

7th Cavalry rounds up 350 Sioux Take them to a camp at Wounded Knee 7th Cavalry massacres unarmed Natives Wounded Knee/Sitting Bull

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