Crearea si deturnarea de comert - webgarden

Crearea si deturnarea de comert - webgarden

Crearea si deturnarea de comert Optimul paretian- Vilfredo Pareto Teoria optimului de gradul doi (second best)- Jacob Viner Crearea de comert Deturnarea de comert Instrumente de natura tarifara

Taxele vamale: a) b) cu caracter fiscal cu caracter protectionist Taxele vamale: a) b) c) de import de export de tranzit

Taxe vamale Ad valorem Specifice Mixte

Autonome Conventionale Autonomo-conventionale Asimilate Preferentiale De retorsiune Antidumping Compensatorii Instrumente netarifare

Restrictii cantitative Limitarea importurilor prin mecanismul preturilor Formalitati vamale si administrative Participarea statului la activitati comerciale:achizitii guvernamentale, comertul de stat,monopolul statului asupra comertului exterior Standardele tehnice aplicate produselor importate si celor indigene Argumente in favoarea unei politici comerciale comune

Cresterea puterii de negociere pe piata internationala (runda Dillon1961-1962) reducerea efectelor de difuziune care pot sa apara din actiunile unilaterale ale statelor membre Mentinerea integritatii pietei interne prin instrumente de politica comerciala Istoric

Art. 9 din Tratatul de la Romaformarea unei uniuni vamale Sunt excluse produsele agricole, care fac obiectul PAC si al produselor siderurgice, care fac obiectul CECO Produsele textile au facut obiectul Acordului Multifibra, acord dizolvat din 2001 Tariful extern comun

Tratatul de la Roma- art. 18 la 29 TEC- a intrat in vigoare in 1968 A fost stabilit pe baza mediei tarifelor vamale ale statelor fondatoare Initial, TEC a fost mai ridicat decat cel practicat in Japonia si SUA In prezent, nivelul TEC este de aproximativ 3% Tarife preferentiale

Cu AELS-ul Cu tarile din zona mediteraneana Cu tarile ACP Cu tarile in curs de dezvoltare privind produsele sensibile (acordul Multifibra) Cu tari din Europa Centrala si de Est Clauzele de salvgardare

Se aplica atunci cand importurile aduc prejudicii importante producatorilor autohtoni Art. XIX al GATT permite aplicarea clauzei de salvgardare Instrumentele utilizate in plan comunitar sunt restrictiile cantitative Procedurile antidumping

In viziunea GATT, comert liber = comert corect, ceea ce nu e adevarat Aparitia cazurilor de dumping e sanctionata prin art. VI din GATT si prin Codul Antidumping din 1979 Regulile de origine Deflectie de comert (trade deflection) Regulile de orgine stabilesc proportia in care un bun a fost produs intr-un

anumit stat membru Noul instrument de politica comerciala A intrat in vigoare in 1985 Permite retragerea concesiilor vamale acordate partenerilor in conditiile in care partenerii aplica politici comerciale ilicite

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