Chauncey Harris' Peripheral Model

Chauncey Harris' Peripheral Model

Chauncey Harris Peripheral Model Peripheral Model (similar to Urban Realms) Urban area = Inner CBD Suburbs (different income levels) surround CBD (these suburbs turn into..?) Offices, malls, etc. mixed in to service people All tied together by BELTWAYS Density gradient (amount of land & people on it) decreases as

distance from CBD increases - extensive v. intensive Benefits from suburban life? Less crime Better education More individual space (large house, yard, garage)

Less traffic Problems? Urban sprawl Creates segregation (zoning laws) Peripheral Model of Urban Areas The central city is surrounded by a ring road (beltway), around which are suburban areas and edge cities, shopping malls, office parks, industrial areas, and service complexes.

Urban Styles Around the World American v. European cities Rich Americans suburbs Rich Europeans CBD w/ rural country homes Poor Americans city in low density, dispersed government housing (less funded over time) Poor Europeans high density suburbs near the city (high-rise subsidized housing concentrations of poor people create MAJOR problems) Only 2% of USA in government housing; More of

Europe (30%) Peripheral Urban Areas Most LDCs put poor in suburbs & rich in CBD Griffin-Ford (Latin American) Model = CBD with wheel-like spokes Often grid-like organization with central plaza & boulevard (Spanish influence) Squatter settlements (a.k.a. favela, barrio, slum, shantytown, bustee, kampongs,disamenity sector) in suburbs start as illegal, temporary

squatters on the periphery/citys edge 2009 FRQ http://www.gapminder.org/videos/a-slum-insight/ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1326187/Las-Vegas-tunnel-people-How-1-000-people-live-shimmering-strip.ht ml Griffin-Ford Model Latin American Cities Transition

Squatter Settlements (disamenity sectors, favelas, barrios, slums, shanty towns) Want to live here! http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/asiapcf/11/18/urban.slums/index.html?hpt=Sbin 2005 FRQ Urban renewal = urban revitalization Urban hierarchy = urban system http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/_ap05_frq_human_geogr_45433.pdf

Last AP Human Geography Slide EVER!

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