Chapter 7 Skeletal System Study Guide Answers

Chapter 7 Skeletal System Study Guide Answers

Chapter 7 Skeletal System Study Guide Answers Ms. K. Cox Human A & P Check your work as the answers appear on the screen. 1. bones support the weight of the body and structures such as the head and face 2. bones protect delicate organs such as the brain and spinal cord, heart and lungs 3. bones act as levers to which muscles are attached

4. blood cells are produced within red bone marrow 5. minerals such as calcium and phosphorous are stored n the bone matrix 6. bones also contain nerves and blood vessels 7. epiphyses 8. articular cartilage 9. diaphysis 10. periosteum

11. medullary 12. endosteum 13. marrow 14. blood cell production 15. in spongy bone

16. marrow that functions to store fat 17. medullary cavitities 18. muscles 19. osteocytes 20. lacunae

21. canaliculi 22. collagen 23. salts 24. most bones contain a mixture of compact and spongy bone include the skull the ribs, the vertebrae and the sternum. 25. osteons 26. transverse 27. most bones of the body contain a mixture of compact and spongy bone. The diaphysis of a long bone is compact bone, and compact bone covers the epiphyses.

28. bones form by replacing connective tissue in the fetus. 29. osteoblasts 30. osteocytes 31. periosteum 32. a soft spot in an infants skull where the membrane has not yet completely ossified

33. hyaline 34. osteoblasts 35. secondary 36. epiphseal

37. osteoclasts 38. osteoblasts 39. lengthening 40. thickness 41.axial 42. appendicular 43. Only 8 facial bones we are worried about: maxillae, palatine, zygomatic, lacrimal, nasal, vomer, inferior, mandible 44. zygomatic bones 45. vomer and ethmoid 46. palatine bones and the maxillae

47. zygomatic bone and the temporal bone 48. maxillae and mandible 49. fragile, scroll-like bones attached to lateral wall of the nasal cavity 50. pedicles 51. lamina 52. atlas and the axis 53. five 54. coccyx 55. S 56. spine

57. articulates with scapula 58. trochlea 59. radius

60. tuberosity 61. carpal 62. metacarpals 63. hand phalanges 64. 3 65. 2

66. coxal bone 67. sacrum 68. pubis 69. symphysis pubis 70. femur 71. acetabul 72. capitis 73. patella

74. tibia 75. tarsal 76. tibial tuberosity 77. fibula 78. talus

79. metatarsals 80. foot phalanges 81. middle phalanx

82. fibrous 83. cartilagenous 84. bursae 85. ball and socket 86. condyloid 87. gliding 88. hinge 89. pivot 90. saddle 91. insertion Now count how many you missed

and multiple it by 4.4 pts. Each question was worth 4.4 pts each. Total points possible on this assignment was 400 pts. On the front of the packet write out how many you missed and what you earned over 400. Example: -35 questions * 4.4 pts= -154pts 246/400, 62% D

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