Chapter 5 Test Review

Chapter 5 Test Review

Chapter 5 Test Review Test will be Monday October 12!!! Excommunication To kick out of the church Magna Carta

Document that limited the power of the king over his nobles in England in 1215. Serf Peasants who were considered to be part of the manor. Mostly farm workers. Manor

Large estate often including farms and a village. Ruled by a lord. Feudalism A system in which land was owned by kings or lords but help by vassals in return their loyality

Government system during the Middle Ages Pilgrim A person who journeys to a sacred place Apprentice

An unpaid worker being trained in a craft or trade Middle Ages The years between ancient and modern times.

Started after the fall of the Roman Empire Guild A medieval organization of crafts workers or tradespeople. Clergy

Persons with authority to perform religious services Model Parliament A council of lords, clergy, and common people that advised the English king on government matters. Crusades

A series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy Land back from Muslim control. Pope Urban II - What were his goals?

He was the Pope that called all of Europe to fight in the crusades. His goals were: 1. to unite Europeans against a common enemy.

2. to get the Holy land under the control of Christians. 3. to allow Christian pilgrims to be able to visit Jerusalem and other religious site.

4. to gain power and prestige for himself and the Church Joan of Arc - Who did she lead? What battle was she in? She was a peasant girl that took charge of the French forces and became a general.

She fought in the Battle of Orleans. Under her command, the French defeated the English. She then led her forces to victory in other battles.

The French saw her as a martyr after her death, which inspired them to many victories. A Lords responsibilities He protected his people and lands.

He ruled over the manor. A lord depended on the wealth of his manor. He made the rules and acted as the judge. He decided who would oversee the farming and other daily work.

He collected taxes from the peasants who lived on the manor. A knights responsibilities A knight would protect the king.

A boy would be a squire, trained by a knight, before becoming a knight. A serfs responsibilities Serfs worked the fields and did what they were told by the Lord of the fiefdom. (basically a

slave) They paid taxes to the Lord. They lived a very hard life.

Peasants lived in one-room huts that often had only a single opening for a window. Be able to explain the power structure during the Middle Ages. Church King Lords

Knights serfs Why did kings support new towns as feudalism declined? Kings began to support the new towns in exchange for money.

Kings agreed to protect towns and made laws to help towns grow rich. With the money paid by townspeople, kings hired armies and used them to attack troublesome nobles.

What problems did new and growing cities face? Overcrowding and disease

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