Chapter 2: Realism Is international anarchy the permissive cause of war? 2014 Cynthia Weber Learning aims: Understand the international anarchy myth Tell the difference between realism and neorealism Understand developments in Waltzs thinking and why these matter
Critically reflect on the work that fear does for the international anarchy myth 2014 Cynthia Weber Last week: Introduction Culture: an ensemble of stories we tell about ourselves (Geertz, 1975) Ideology: Conscious (e.g. liberalism) and unconscious (e.g. boys will be boys) The myth function in IR: cultural interpretation Myth function Natural Fact 2014 Cynthia Weber y
t (Neo) Realism Flashcard h i n k e r s : Concepts: Sovereign States H a Human Nature Myth:n international anarchy is the permissive International Anarchy cause of war s
Fear M o r g e n t 2014 Cynthia Weber h Realism vs. Neorealism (table 2.1) Interest of States How to achieve survival Human nature Anarchy Realism Survival Increase power because
world government is unachievable Man is flawed and therefore prone to conflict. This explains why cooperation is never guaranteed and world government is unachievable The environment in which sovereign nation-states act 2014 Cynthia Weber Neorealism Survival Increase power because world government is unachievable Man may or may not be flawed. Human nature is
not essential to an explanation of conflict Describes the social relations among sovereign nation-states that causally explain why wars occur Causes of war for Waltz (table 2.2) Location Description Type of cause First image Nature of man Immediate
Second image International organization of states and societies Immediate Third image International anarchy Permissive 2014 Cynthia Weber Waltzian neorealism (table 2.3) Domestic Global Domestic Global
2014 Cynthia Weber Distribution of power Monopoly Oligopoly Goals Maximize welfare Maximize security Theory activity: International anarchy is the permissive cause of war Aim: Be able to understand the workings of Waltzs myth (international anarchy is the permissive cause of war) through a real world example Scenario: Iran has acquired nuclear weapons Divide into five groups: Iran, USA, US ally (Britain), Neutral state (Sweden) and World government (quasi world government/ UN)
2014 Cynthia Weber Theory activity cont. USA UK Iran Sweden World government Quasi-world government No world or quasi-world government What would your country do in the different scenarios? Use the table to chart out the
different possibilities 2014 Cynthia Weber How does Lord of the Flies represent hierarchy and anarchy? How does Lord of the Flies represent hierarchy and anarchy? (table 2.4) Hierarchy Anarchy Characterized by rules, reason, law and order, all of which are guaranteed by the presence of adults Characterized by the absence of guarantees to order or reason because of the absence of adults 2014 Cynthia Weber
What is typical and what is deviant in the two worlds of the Lord of the Flies? (table 2.5) 2014 Cynthia Weber Lord of the Flies (box 2.2) Where does fear figure in Waltzs myth as enacted in Lord of the Flies? 2014 Cynthia Weber Lord of the Flies (table 2.6) The locations of fear in Lord of the Flies Location Description First image Human nature Second image Third image None of Waltzs images
International organization of states and societies International anarchy Irrationally generated by the boys themselves and externalized 2014 Cynthia Weber Illustration Jack and his followers increasing savagery Jacks bad tribe against Ralphs good tribe Competitive, self-help system in which boys create security dilemma on island The beast
2014 Cynthia Weber How does the film make sense of the world? What does the film say is typical and deviant in that world? Where is FEAR located in the film? Discuss content of film: plot, characters and cinematic effects Use film Lord of the Flies to investigate how Waltzs myth international anarchy is the permissive cause of war functions and to show that FEAR is a necessary supplement to this myth Answer Discuss Aim Film activity: Lord of the Flies and fear Next week: Idealism
Film: Independence Day Domestic analogy Is there an international society? 2014 Cynthia Weber
Reviewing and approving Inception Report ( feedback on data collection tools and detailed plan/methodology) Checking on data collection. Reviewing and approving drafts and final reports. Disseminating results. Final words. Planning is one of the most important parts of evaluation.
A mature mRNA transcript leaves the nucleus through a pore in the nuclear envelope. c. Initiation ends when a large and small ribosomal subunit converge and bind together. b. Initiation, the first stage of translating mRNA, will start when an...
Can also be in cube maps. Accessed in the fragment shader using sampler2D. Another Look at the Pipeline. Vertex Processing. Clipping/Assembly. ... stpq - usually for texture coordinates … it's your choice, but you can't mix them! Examples.
Basic Law Criminal law Constitutional law Contract law Federal law State statutes Tort Law Intentional torts Unintentional torts Negligence Duty Breach of duty Proximate cause Injury Defenses Assumption of risk Immunity Risk Management and Insurance The ECT approach is one...