Cardiovascular Systems - AAPC

Cardiovascular Systems - AAPC

Cardiovascular Systems CPT copyright 2011 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Fee schedules, relative value units, conversion factors and/or related components are not assigned by the AMA, are not part of CPT, and the AMA is not recommending their use. The AMA does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. The AMA assumes no liability for data contained or not contained herein. CPT is a registered trademark of the American Medical Association. Objectives

Master anatomical concepts necessary to understand the cardiovascular system Define key terms, and recognize common eponyms and acronyms Explain the most common pathologies that effect this system Understand cardiovascular procedures and surgeries, and where in CPT to locate the relevant codes Introduce ICD-9-CM and HCPCS Level II codes and coding guidelines as they apply to this system Supply examples and review material to improve your application of the above concepts Circulatory Systems Systemic Circulatory System Blood Vessels

Arteries Veins Pulmonary System Coronary System Portal System Lymphatic System Anatomy

Arteries Carry oxygenated blood Take blood away from heart to the body Veins Carry deoxygenated blood Bring blood back to the heart from the capillary beds Capillaries Connect arteries and veins Anatomy Anatomy of blood vessels Arteries and veins have walls composed of three layers:

Tunica intima inner single layer of epithelial cells Tunica media smooth muscle layer Tunica adventitia white fibrous connective tissue Veins have less elastic and smooth muscle tissue and more fibrous connective tissue Veins capable of distention to adapt to changes in blood pressure and blood volume Anatomy Lymphatic System Lymph fluid collected Lymph nodes small collections of lymphatic tissue through which lymph fluid is filtered Lymphocytes cells of the immune system

Right lymphatic duct drains into right subclavian vein Thoracic duct drains into left subclavian vein Both subclavian veins empty into the inferior vena cava Electrical Conduction in the Heart Conduction begins in sinoatrial (SA) node of right atrium Natures pacemaker Firing causes contraction of muscle Moves to atrioventricular (AV) node Then to bundle of His along septum Right and left bundle branches go to each ventricle

Then to Purkinje fibers along the surface of ventricles Circulatory Systems Pulmonary Circulation Pushes deoxygenated blood into the lungs Carbon dioxide removed and oxygen added Blood flows to the left atrium Systemic Circulation Blood flows from left atrium into the left ventricle Pumped to the body to deliver oxygen and remove carbon dioxide

Coronary Circulation Movement of blood through the tissue of the heart Circulations Portal System Directs blood from the intestines to the liver Liver processes the blood before the blood continues on to the heart Circulatory Systems Coronary Circulation Right coronary artery (RC) Marginal branches Posterior interventricular branch (posterior descending)

Left coronary artery Left circumflex artery (LC) Obtuse branches Left anterior descending artery (LD) Diagonal branches Great Vessels Great vessels Aorta Brachiocephalic trunk (innominate) Left common carotid Left subclavian artery

Pulmonary trunk which bifurcates to right and left pulmonary artery Pulmonary veins (four) Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Heart Four (4) Chambers Two atria Two ventricles Three (3) layers Endocardium Myocardium

Epicardium Pericardial sac Visceral pericardium Parietal layer Heart Pericardium Visceral layer adheres to the heart and the first few centimeters of the outside of the great vessels Parietal layer outer layer Pericardial fluid Located in space between the visceral pericardium and the parietal layer 10 30 ml fluid to lubricated the hearts surface

Fluid can increase up to 300 ml without impeding the heart Heart Cardiac Tamponade Compression of the heart caused by build up of pericardial fluid or blood Can lead to cardiac arrest Pericardiocentesis Procedure to drain fluid from pericardial sac Heart Valves Atrioventricular valves Tricuspid (3 leaflets) right side of heart

Bicuspid or Mitral (2 leaflets) left side of heart Chordae tendinea (heart strings) attached to valve leaflets and the papillary muscles of the ventricle Keep valves from everting and provide support during systole Semilunar valves Pulmonary (Pulmonic) Aortic ICD-9-CM Coding

Chapter 01: Infectious and Parasitic Diseases Chapter 02: Neoplasms Chapter 07: Diseases of the Circulatory System Chapter 14: Congenital Anomalies Chapter 16: Signs, Symptoms, and Ill-Defined Conditions Diseases of the Circulatory System Acute rheumatic fever (390-392) Symptoms include fever, joint pain, lesions of the heart, blood vessels and joint connective tissue, abdominal pain, skin changes, and chorea

Chronic rheumatic heart disease (393-398) Persistent inflammation of heart lining due to rheumatic heart disease. Cardiac Cycle Two Phases Systole Blood is ejected from the ventricles into the bodys circulatory path (highest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels) Diastole Ventricles relax and fill with blood from the atria (lowest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels)

Cardiac Cycle Blood pressure Measurement of the pressure of blood exerted within the blood vessels - Sphygmomanometer 120/80 mm Hg 120 = Systole 80 = Diastole ICD-9-CM: Hypertension Hypertensive Disease

401 Essential hypertension 402 Hypertensive heart disease 403 Hypertensive chronic kidney disease 404 Hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease

Guidelines I.C.7.a.1. through 11. Hypertension Table in alphabetic index ICD-9-CM Many guidelines found in the Tabular List for these categories ICD-9-CM: Ischemic Heart Disease 410 Acute myocardial infarction 5th digit 0 Episode of care unspecified 1 Initial episode of care Regardless of the number of transfers during initial care

2 Subsequent episode of care STEMI (ST elevation) NSTEMI (non-ST elevation) ICD-9-CM: Ischemic Heart Disease 411 Other acute and subacute forms of ischemic heart disease 412 Old myocardial infarction 413 Angina pectoris 414 Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease Use 414.01 CAD/arteriosclerosis when there is no history of coronary artery bypass surgery.

ICD-9-CM: Ischemic Heart Disease 418.8 Other specified forms of chronic ischemic heart disease Chronic coronary insufficiency Ischemia, myocardial (chronic) Any condition classifiable to 410 specified as chronic, or presenting with symptoms after 8 weeks from date of infarction Use 411.89 for acute coronary insufficiency ICD-9-CM: Ischemic Heart Disease Example: A cardiac catheterization is scheduled for a patient

who had an inferoposterior wall infarction 12 weeks ago. She is still having chest pain, which radiates to the left arm related to mild exertion. Look in the Index for Diseases/heart/ischemic 414.9. Check the Tabular List for 414.8. Occlusion of Arteries Occlusion of arteries 414.2x Chronic total occlusion of coronary artery, when coronary artery 100 percent occluded for several months. 440.4x Chronic total occlusion of artery of the extremities,

when there has been total artery occlusion of the arm or leg. 411.81 Acute coronary artery occlusion without myocardial infarction. Use 411.81 for occlusion caused by debris NOTE: 414.2x and 440.4x and can only be secondary codes ICD-9-CM: Aneurysm 414.1 414.10 414.11 414.12 414.19

Aneurysm and dissection of heart Aneurysm of heart (wall) Aneurysm of coronary vessels Dissection of coronary artery Other aneurysm of heart ICD-9-CM: Heart Disease

415 417 Diseases of pulmonary circulation 420 Acute pericarditis 421 Acute and subacute endocarditis 422 Acute myocarditis 423 Other diseases of pericardium 424 Other diseases of endocardium 425 Cardiomyopathy 426 Conduction disorders

427 Cardiac dysrhythmias 428 Heart Failure 429 Ill-defined descriptions and complications of heart disease Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure Not an inherent component of systolic or diastolic heart failure. When CHF is list with the above, assign two codes Systolic, diastolic, or combined systolic/diastolic heart failure CHF, unspecified 482.0

AHA Coding Clinic 2004, Fourth Quarter ICD-9-CM: Congenital Anomalies 745 Bulbus cordis anomalies and anomalies of cardiac septal closure 746 Other congenital anomalies of heart 747 Other congenital anomalies of circulatory system Signs & Symptoms 785 Symptoms involving cardiovascular system

785.0 785.1 785.2 785.3 785.4 785.5X 785.6 785.9

Tachycardia, unspecified Palpitations Undiagnosed cardiac murmurs Other abnormal heart sounds Gangrene Shock without mention of trauma Enlargement of lymph nodes Other symptoms involving cardiovascular system 786.5X Chest pain 786.50 786.51 786.59

Chest pain, unspecified Precordial pain Other Terms Apexbottom point of the heart Retrogradeagainst the current

Antegradewith the current Cardioversionshock treatment to the heart CPRCardiopulmonary resuscitation Tachycardiarapid beating of the heart Pacingrefers to electrical activity of the heart CPT Coding Surgical Section - Cardiovascular System 33010-37799 Heart and Pericardium 33010-33999 Radiology Section Heart 75557-75574 Vascular Procedures 75600-75989 Diagnostic Ultrasound (various CPTs)

Radiologic Guidance 77001-77032 Nuclear Medicine Diagnostic, Cardiovascular System 7841478499 Medicine Section Cardiovascular 92950-93799 Noninvasive Vascular Diagnostic Studies 93880-93998 Pericardium Pericardiocentesis (33010-33011) Diagnostic test Cardiac tamponade Radiological supervision and interpretation (76930) Pericardotomy for removal of clot/FB (33020) Add 32658 by thoracoscopy

Pericardial window (33025) (For thoracoscopy [VATS] pericardial window, use 32659) Pacemakers/Defibrillators (33202- 33249) Pacemaker System Generator Electrodes (leads) Note Temporary or permanent? Single or dual chamber? What is being addressed electrodes, pulse generator, or both? NOTE: Temporary pacemakers are noted as separate

procedures Pacemaker or Pacing CardioverterDefibrillator Permanent Pacemaker system includes: a pulse generator (containing electronics and a battery), and one or more electrodes (leads) Generator is placed in a subcutaneous pocket created either in a subclavicular site, or underneath the abdominal muscles, just below the rib cage Electrodes are inserted through a vein (transvenous), or they may be placed on the surface of the heart (epicardial) by thoracoscopy or thoracotomy. Pacemaker or Pacing CardioverterDefibrillator

Guidelines Replacement of a pacemaker pulse generator: Single codes exist for removal and replacement of a single lead system (33227), a dual lead system (33228) or multiple lead system (33229) Replacement of a pacing cardioverter-defibrillator pulse generator Single lead system (33262), dual lead system (33263) or multiple lead system (33264) Radiological supervision and interpretation related to pacemaker or cardioverter-defibrillator procedure is included in 33206-33249. Pacemaker or Pacing CardioverterDefibrillator

Biventricular Pacing An additional electrode may be required for pacing of left ventricle. The electrode is placed in the cardiac vein over the left ventricle. 33224 Insertion of pacing electrode, cardiac venous system, for left ventricular pacing, with attachment to previously placed pacemaker or pacing cardioverter-defibrillator generator (including revision of pocket, removal, insertion, and /or replacement of existing generator) 33225 Insertion of pacing electrode, cardiac venous system, for left ventricular pacing, at time of insertion of pacing cardioverter- defibrillator or pacemaker pulse generator (including upgrade to dual chamber system

and pocket revision) (When epicardial electrode placement is performed, report 33224 in conjunction with 33202, 33203) Pacemaker or Pacing CardioverterDefibrillator Patient underwent removal of a complete dual pacemaker system. A dual cardioverter-defibrillator system was placed with two transvenous electrodes, along with a biventricular electrode with use of fluoroscopy. 33249 33235-51 33225 33233-51

Insertion of pacing cardioverter-defibrillator leads/generator Removal dual lead system electrodes Biventricular pacing electrode Removal dual system pacemaker generator Electrophysiologic Operative Procedures Incision (33250-33261) Operative tissue ablation codes 33254-33256 are only to be reported when there is no concurrently performed procedure that requires median sternotomy or cardiopulmonary bypass Use add-on codes 33257-33259 for operative tissue

ablation performed at the time of other cardiac procedures. Endoscopy (33265 33266) Wounds of the Heart and Great Vessels 33300-33335 repair of great vessels Great vessels: Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Pulmonary artery Four pulmonary veins Aorta

Cardiac Valve Procedures Aortic Valve (33400-33417) Mitral Valve (33420-33430) Tricuspid Valve (33460-33468) Pulmonary Valve (33470-33478) CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Venous (33510-33516) Arterial-Venous (33517-33523) Arterial (33533-33536) Reoperation (+33530) CABG

Coronary Artery Bypass using Venous Grafting only (33510-33516) Used to report coronary artery bypass procedures using venous grafts only Not used for combined arteriovenous grafts Procurement of the saphenous vein is included in the relative value units for these codes and not separately reportable Report procurement of other veins separately Upper extremity vein (35500) Femoropopliteal vein (35572) CABG Arterial Grafting for Coronary Artery Bypass

(33533-33536) Arterial includes the use of the following arteries: The internal mammary artery The gastroepiploic artery The epigastric artery The radial artery and/or Arteries procured from other sites

Artery graft from upper extremity is reported separately (35600) CABG Combined Arterial-Venous Grafting for Coronary Artery Bypass (33517-33530) (33533-33536) To report combined arterial-venous grafts, you must report two codes; The arterial-venous graft code (33517-33523) The arterial graft code (33533-33536)

CABG Coronary artery bypass with left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending, and arterial graft from the left radial artery to the first diagonal of the LAD. Saphenous vein graft to the ramus intermedius. Harvesting of the saphenous vein was endoscopic. 33534 33517 35600 33508 2 coronary arterial grafts 1 venous graft

harvest of upper extremity artery Harvest by endoscopy Cardiac Anomalies (33600-33853) Single Ventricle and Other Complex Cardiac Anomalies (33600-33622) Septal Defect (33641-33697) Sinus of Valsalva (33702-33722) Venous Anomalies (33724-33732) Shunting Procedures (33735-33768) Transposition of the Great Vessels (33770-33783) Truncus Arteriosus (33786-33788) Aortic Anomalies (33800-33853)

Heart/Lung Transplantation 33930-33945 Distinct Components of Physician Work Cadaver donor cardiectomy with or without pneumonectomy Backbench work Recipient heart with or without lung allotransplantation Aneurysms

Abdominal Aorta Axillary artery Basilar Artery Brachial Artery Carotid Artery Celiac Artery Femoral Artery

Hepatic Artery Iliac Artery Innominate Artery

Intracranial Artery Mesenteric Artery Popliteal Artery Radial Artery Renal Artery Splenic Artery Subclavian Artery Thoracoabdominal Aortal Ulnar Artery Vertebral Artery Aneurysms Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

(34800-34834) Codes describe open femoral or iliac artery exposure, device manipulation and deployment, and closure of the arteriostomy sites. Read guidelines for bundled and additional procedures Endovascular Repair of Iliac Aneurysm (34900) Codes describe open femoral or iliac artery exposure, device manipulation and deployment, and closure of the arteriostomy sites. Read guidelines for bundled and additional procedures Aneurysms Direct Repair of Aneurysm or Excision (Partial or Total) and Graft Insertion for Aneurysm, Pseudoaneurysm, Ruptured Aneurysm, and Associated Occlusive

Disease (35001-35152) Separate codes for aneurysm repair and ruptured aneurysm repair Thromboendarterectomy (35301-35390) Removal of thrombus and inner lining of vessel Includes patch graft if performed Reported by site 35390, reoperation, carotid, thromboendarterectomy, more than 1 month after original operation. Use 35390 in conjunction with 35301 Transluminal Angioplasty (35450-35476)

Open Renal or other visceral artery Aortic Brachiocephalic trunk or branches, each vessel venous Percutaneous

Renal or other visceral artery Aortic Brachiocephalic trunk or branches, each vessel Venous Code also for catheter placement and radiologic S&I Transluminal Angioplasty (35450-35476) From a right femoral artery access the catheter was advanced into the aorta. Transluminal aortic angioplasty was performed.

36200 35472 75966-26 Placement of catheter into aorta Angioplasty aorta Radiological supervision and interpretation Look in the CPT index for Transluminal/Arterial/Radiological Supervision 75962-75968 Catheter placement and S&I will be covered later. Bypass Grafts

Non-coronary vessels Vein (35500-35572) In-situ vein (35583-33587) Vein is left in native location Other than vein (35600-35671) Composite Grafts (35681-35683) Code by type/location Vascular Injection Procedures (36000-36680) Vascular Injections include the following: Local anesthesia Introduction of the needle or intracatheter

Injection of contrast material All pre- and post-injection patient care Closure of vascular access Vascular Injection Procedures Intravenous Nonselective venography, superior or inferior vena cava Selective First order Second order Intra-Arterial - Intra-Aortic Procedures Nonselective Selective

Vascular Injection Procedures Five Vascular Families: Systemic Arterial Systemic Venous Pulmonary Portal Lymphatic

Vascular Injection Procedures Non-Selective catheterization Catheter is placed directly into an arterial or venous vessel and not moved or manipulated further (36100, 36120, 36140) Or the catheter is moved only into the aorta from any approach (36160, 36200) Vascular Injection Procedures Selective Catheterization Catheter is moved, manipulated or guided into a part of the arterial/venous system other than the aorta or the vessel punctured.

The exact code used depends on how many branches the catheter must be guided through before it reaches the ultimate injection site. See CPT Appendix L Vascular Families for first, second, third order, and beyond third order branches based on a starting point in the aorta. Selective Catheterization Vascular Families Primary (first turn off the main highway [aorta]) First-order vessels (e.g., innominate/brachiocephalic artery, left common carotid, left subclavian) Secondary (second turn off the main highway [aorta]) Second-order vessels, (e.g., right common carotid artery, left

external carotid, left vertebral [aorta]) Tertiary (third turn off the main highway [aorta]) Third-order vessels, (e.g., right external carotid artery, right vertebral) Selective Catheterization Vascular Access Rules

From a single access catheter puncture site, selective catheterization takes precedence in coding over the nonselective catheterization. Only report highest order of one family. If other 2nd or 3rd levels catheterized in same family, use addon code Code for each vascular family accessed Code for each vascular access Above diaphragm (36215-36218) Below diaphragm (36245-36248) Pulmonary angiography involves the right and left pulmonary arteries representing two vascular families Selective Catheterization From a right femoral access, code the selective catheterization of the right renal artery. 36245 From a right femoral access, code selective

catheterization of the left external carotid, and the left vertebral arteries. 36216, 36216-59 From a right femoral access, code the selective catheterization of the right vertebral artery, and the right internal carotid artery. 36217, 36218 Central Venous Access (36555-36598) Placed for frequent access to bloodstream Tip of catheter must terminate in the: Subclavian Brachiocephalic Iliac Inferior or superior vena cava

Code by Procedure (insertion, repair, replacement, removal, etc.) Tunneled or not With pump or port Patient age See CVAP table in CPT

CPT Hemodialysis (36800-36870) See 36147 for diagnostic studies of AV shunts for dialysis Portal Decompression (37140-37183) Treat hypertension/occlusion of portal vein TIPS (37182, 37183) diverts blood from the portal vein to the hepatic vein TIPS = transvenous intrahepatic portosystemic shunt Transcatheter Procedures Removal of clot (thrombectomy) Arterial Thrombectomy (37184-37186) Venous Thrombectomy (37187-37188) Other Procedures (37191-37216)

Foreign body retrieval, placement vena cava filter, transcatheter embolization, stent placement, etc. Endovascular Revascularization (37220-37235) Treat occlusive disease in lower extremities Three territories Illiac Femoral/Popliteal Tibial/Peroneal Codes arranged in a hierarchy for each territory

stent placement with atherectomy (highest) stent placement atherectomy angioplasty (lowest) Bundled to Endovascular Revascularization (37220-37235)

conscious sedation vascular access catheter placement traversing the lesion imaging related to the intervention (previously billed as the supervision and interpretation code for the specific intervention) use of an embolic protection device (EPD) imaging for closure device placement closure of the access site Endovascular Revascularization

(37220-37235) Iliac vascular territory codes do not include atherectomy Use Category III codes 0234T-0238T for atherectomy in the supra-inguinal vessels (iliacs, visceral, aorta, renal, brachiocephalic) Codes include radiological supervision and interpretation Codes to not include: Selective catheterization of vessel

Transversing lesion Embolic protection, is used Other intervention used to treat the same or other vessels Closure of arteriotomy by any method Endovascular Revascularization (37220-37235) From a left femoral access, a stent was placed and atherectomy was performed in the right common iliac, followed by stent placement. 0238T Transluminal peripheral atherectomy, open or percutaneous, including S&I; iliac artery, each vessel

37221 Revascularization, endovascular, open or percutaneous, iliac artery, unilateral, initial vessel, with stent 36245-59 First order catheterization of right common iliac Modifier 59 indicates 36245 is separate from 37221, because selective catheterization is included in 37221; however, it is not included with the atherectomy. Endovascular Revascularization (37220-37235) From a right femoral artery access, report stent placement in left superficial femoral artery, and angioplasty of the left popliteal artery.

37226 Revascularization, endovascular, open or percutaneous, femoral, popliteal, unilateral; with transluminal stent placement, includes angiography the same vessel, when performed. The entire femoral/popliteal territory is considered a single vessel for revascularization procedures. within Endovascular Revascularization (37220-37235)

From a right femoral artery access, report the stenting of the right peroneal trunk, and angioplasty of the dorsalis pedis artery and posterior tibial artery. 37230 Revascularization, endovascular , open or percutaneous, tibial, peroneal artery, unilateral, initial vessel; with transluminal stent placement 37232 x2 each additional vessel; with transluminal angioplasty Endovascular Revascularization (37220-37235)

Guidelines for treatment of one extremity Report initial vessel intervention at the highest level of intervention Hierarchy from highest to lowest: stent placement with atherectomy, stent placement, atherectomy, angioplasty Report initial vessel intervention for each intervention performed within a different territory Interventional of additional vessels within a territory are reported with add-on codes Bridging lesions are considered a single-vessel intervention, even if the bridging lesion extends from one territory into another. Diagnostic imaging is separately billable. Other interventions such as IVUS, thrombolysis, thrombectomy, and embolization are separately billable.

Medicine Section Therapeutic services and procedures

Cardiography Cardiovascular monitoring services Implantable wearable cardiac device evaluations Echocardiography Cardiac Catheterizations Intracardiac Electrophysiological Procedures/Studies Peripheral Arterial Disease Rehabilitation Noninvasive physiologic studies and procedures Other procedures CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Includes defibrillation Includes treatment to the pulmonary system

Not considered a component of critical care services Cardioversion Electrical shock delivered to the heart to convert an abnormal heart rhythm back to a normal rhythm (elective) Cardiovascular Therapeutic Services and Procedures ThrombolysisDissolving of a blockage by a thrombus (clot) in a vessel Coronary stentwire metal mesh tube placed inside an artery to hold the vessel open Angioplastydilate and open a blocked artery Atherectomyprocedure to remove plaque from arteries

Cardiovascular Therapeutic Services and Procedures Coronary artery therapeutic procedure guidelines: Three coronary arteries are recognized Right coronary (RC) Left anterior descending (LD) Left circumflex (LC) Only one procedure reported per coronary vessel Report one initial procedure All other procedures performed in other coronary vessels are additional procedures (use add-on codes)

Hierarchy from highest to lowest value for percutaneous interventions: Stent placement Atherectomy Angioplasty Cardiovascular Therapeutic Services and Procedures A stent was placed in the right coronary artery, and angioplasty was performed in the posterior descending artery of the right coronary. A stent was also placed in the left circumflex. Atherectomy was performed in the left anterior descending coronary artery. IVUS was used in each vessel. 92980-RC, 92981-LC, 92996-LD, 92978-26, 92979-26 x 2 Monitoring Heart Activity

Cardiography (93000 93042) Codes for professional component, technical component, and global Implantable and Wearable Cardiac Device Evaluations (9327993299) For the 90-day period, do not report for less than 30 days For the 30-day period, do not report less than 10 days Cardiac Stress Tests Activity or pharmaceutical Codes for global, technical, and professional components. Echocardiography (93303-93352) Diagnostic ultrasound of the heart

M-mode recording used to measure chamber dimensions and to establish the timing of events Doppler echocardiography records the direction and velocity of blood flow Color-flow mapping allows images of the blood to be displayed Transthoracic (TTE) or esophageal (TEE) Note congenital echo Complete or limited study Cardiac Catheterizations (93451-93581) Most common access point femoral artery

Right or left heart catheterization? Catheter insertion, injection(s), and imaging are combined in one code Cardiac Catheterizations (93451-93581) Cardiac Catheterization There are two code families for cardiac catheterization: Congenital heart disease All other conditions Anomalous coronary arteries, patent foramen ovale, mitral valve prolapse, and bicuspid aortic valve are to be reported with 9345193464, 93566-93568.

Cardiac Catheterizations (93451-93581) For cardiac catheterization for congenital anomalies, see 93530-93533. When contrast injection(s) are performed in conjunction with cardiac catheterization for congenital anomalies, see 93563-93568.

Cardiac catheterization (93451-93461) includes all roadmapping angiography in order to place the catheters, including any injections and imaging supervision, interpretation, and report. It does not include contrast injection(s) and imaging supervision, interpretation and report for imaging that is separately identified by specific procedure code(s). For aortography, use 93567. For pulmonary angiography, use 93568. Cardiac catheterization procedure have a technical and professional component Add-on codes for injection procedures are professional services; therefore, no modifier Cardiac Catheterizations (93451-93581) From a right femoral access a right and left cardiac catheterization

was performed, with coronary angiography, and angiography of bypass vessels, with right and left ventriculography. Injection procedure was performed to view the aortic cuff for possible aneurysm. Report the physician service. 93461-26, 93566, 93567 Cardiac Anomalies Septal Defect hole in the septum of the heart separating the atria and ventricles Repair of Septal Defect 93580-93581 Transcatheter Closure Intracardiac Electrophysiological

Procedures/Studies 93600-93662 Percutaneous Indications - Cardiac arrhythmias causing: Palpitationsirregular heart beats Syncopeloss of consciousness Cardiac arrest Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) Rehabilitation is reported per session Narrowing or blockage of the arteries in the legs Symptoms: Cramping Aching

Numbness Noninvasive Vascular Diagnostic Studies (93875-93990) Cerebrovascular Arterial Studies Extremity Arterial Studies (Including Digits) Extremity Venous Studies (Including Digits) Visceral and Penile Vascular Studies

Extremity Arterial-Venous Studies Most of the studies in this section are considered bilateral. If a unilateral study is performed, use modifier -52. 93924 describes a complete bilateral study of lower extremity arteries Modifiers

26 Professional Component TC Technical Component LC Left Circumflex, Coronary Artery LD Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery RC Right Coronary Artery 80 Assistant Surgeon 51 Multiple Procedures 52 Reduced Services The End

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