Bluetooth Based Smart Sensor Network -

Bluetooth Based Smart Sensor Network -

Bluetooth Based Smart Sensor Network Rahul Srivastava 0814310072 CS IIIrd Year Bluetooth(IEEE802.15.1 and .2) Bluetooth is a personal area network (PAN) standard that is lower power than 802.11. It was originally specified to serve applications such as data transfer from personal

computers to peripheral devices such as cell phones or personal digital assistants. Bluetooth(IEEE802.15.1 and .2) Relatively high power for a short

transmission range. Nodes take a long time to synchronize to network when returning from sleep mode, which increases average system power. Low number of nodes per network (<=7 nodes per piconet). Medium access controller (MAC) layer is overly complex when compared to that required for wireless sensor applications. Wireless Sensor Networks

Sensors integrated into structures, machinery, and the environment, coupled with the efficient delivery of sensed information, could provide tremendous benefits to society. The ideal wireless sensor is networked and scalable, consumes very little power, is smart and software programmable, capable of fast data acquisition, reliable and accurate over the long term, costs little to purchase and install, and requires no real maintenance. Wireless Sensor Networks Architecture

Star Network (Single Point-toMultipoint) : A star network is a communications topology where a single basestation can send and/or receive a message to a number of remote nodes. The remote nodes can only send or receive a message from the single basestation, they are not permitted to send messages to each other Continued Mesh Network : A mesh network allows

for any node in the network to transmit to any other node in the network that is within its radio transmission range. This allows for what is known as multihop communications; that is, if a node wants to send a message to another node that is out of radio communications range, it can use an intermediate node to forward the message to the desired node. Continued. Hybrid Star Mesh Network : A hybrid

between the star and mesh network provides for a robust and versatile communications network, while maintaining the ability to keep the wireless sensor nodes power consumption to a minimum. In this network topology, the lowest power sensor nodes are not enabled with the ability to forward messages. IEEE 802.15.4 The 802.15.4 standard was specifi cally

designed for the requirements of wireless sensing applications . The standard is very flexible, as it specifies multiple data rates and multiple transmission frequencies .The power requirements are moderately low; however, the hardware is designed to allow for the radio to be put to sleep, which reduces the power to a minimal amount. Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks Structural Health Monitoring Smart Structures :

Sensors embedded into machines and structures enable condition-based maintenance of these assets [3].Typically, structures or machines are inspected at regular time intervals, and components may be repaired or replaced based on their hours in service, rather than on their working conditions. This method is expensive if the components are in good working order, and in some cases, scheduled maintenance will not protect the asset if it was damaged in between the inspection intervals. Wireless sensing will allow assets to be inspected when the sensors indicate that there may be a problem, reducing the cost of maintenance and preventing catastrophic failure in the event that damage is detected. Additionally, the use of wireless reduces the initial deployment costs, as the cost of installing long cable runs is often prohibitive.

Continued. Industrial Automation : In addition to being expensive, lead wires can be constraining, especially when moving parts are involved. The use of wireless sensors allows for rapid installation of sensing equipment and allows access to locations that would not be practical if cables were attached. An example of such an application on a production line is shown in. In this application, typically ten or more sensors are used to measure gaps where rubber seals are to be placed. Previously, the use of wired sensors was too

cumbersome to be implemented in a production line environment. The use of wireless sensors in this application is enabling, allowing a measurement Future Developments The most general and versatile deployments of wireless sensing networks demand that batteries be deployed. Future work is being performed on systems that exploit piezoelectric materials to harvest ambient strain energy for energy storage in capacitors and/or rechargeable batteries. By combining smart, energy saving electronics with

advanced thin film battery chemistries that permit infinite recharge cycles, these systems could provide a long term, maintenance free, wireless monitoring solution . Conclusion Wireless sensor networks are enabling applications that previously were not practical. As new standardsbased networks are released and low power systems are continually developed, we will start to see the widespread deployment of wireless

sensor networks. Thank You

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