The 1980s Whats Happening in the 1980s? February 1980 - Winter Olympics - Lake Placid, NY. Miracle on Ice team defeats USSR Pro All-Star team April 12, 1980 - Summer Olympics - USOC votes to withdraw athletes from Moscow Summer Games May 18, 1980 - Mt. St. Helens volcano erupts, killing 57 May 21, 1980 - Highest grossing film of 1980 The Empire Strikes Back released
December 8, 1980 - John Lennon shot and killed by Mark David Chapman January 20, 1981 - Ronald Reagan inaugurated as 40th president April 12, 1981 - First space shuttle is launched August 12, 1981 - IBM introduces the IBM-PC - sold for $1,565 September 21, 1981 - Sandra Day OConnor becomes first female Supreme Court associate justice
November 13, 1982 - Vietnam Memorial is dedicated in Washington, DC. 58,000 names June 18, 1983 - Astronaut Sally Ride is first American woman in space July 13, 1985 - Live Aid Concert for famine relief November 20, 1985 - First version of Windows OS is released November 20, 1986 - MLK Jr. Day is observed for the first time as a federal holiday November 28, 1986 - Challenger Space Shuttle
explodes after liftoff, killing 7, including a NH school teacher August 10, 1989 - Army General Colin Powell promoted to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff - first African American in that position November 9, 1989 - Berlin Wall is knocked down MTV - Music Television August 1, 1981 - Arrival of MTV - launched with the words Ladies and gentlemen, rock and roll
1st video: Video Killed the Radio Star by The Buggles Advertise popular artists & their releases 4 types of music video: Performance - artist in format of a concert Dance - present music largely in a dance format Story - tells a story, BUT may/may not have a direct relationship with lyrics Fantasy - relies heavily on computerized manipulation of visual images that may/may not relate to music
MTV continued MTV adds a whole new dimension to music as an art form - artists can now be seen outside of a concert setting Started in NYC (in Europe - 1st song on MTV was Money For Nothing by Dire Straits. Includes line I want my MTV) Early format was modeled after Top 40 radio young fresh-faced men & women VJs MTV continued Early videos were crude promos / concert clips
Record companies made video for a small number of multi-platinum artists - they had big fan bases and could make a huge profit for the company: Michael Jackson, Madonna, Whitney Houston, Phil Collins, Janet Jackson, Prince and Bruce Springsteen MTV continued After MTVs programming started to add more Heavy Metal and Rap, the network launched VH1 (Video Hits 1) in 1985 focused on a slightly older demographic and played lighter selections of pop music
Both MTV and VH1 started adding TV shows during the late 90s and early 2000s, strongly focusing on reality shows The Real World, Road Rules, and Jackass 9/14/84 - First MTV Music Video Award presented Alternative to stuffy Grammy Awards Michael Jackson Born August 29, 1958 - 8th of 9 children Jacksons were considered the First Family of Soul Jackson 5 - Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon and
Michael Michael debuted with the Jackson 5 in 1968 and started his solo career in 1971 Huge in the 80s with hits Beat It, Billie Jean, and Thriller First black artist with a video on MTV - Billie Jean Michael Jackson Nine #1 singles as well as topping charts for collaborations: We Are the World by USA for
Africa & Say, Say, Say with Paul McCartney Album Thriller (82) still holds the record for bestselling album of all time Debuted his trademark moonwalk during Billie Jean on Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever special on NBC King of Pop Madonna Born: Madonna Louise Ciccone on August 16, 1958
From Bay City, Michigan Gained popularity in the 80s and pushed boundaries with her music videos - sang about taboos Won Grammy Awards for her albums Ray of Light (98) and Confessions on a Dance Floor (05) Writes most of her own songs including: Vogue, Like a Virgin, Papa Dont Preach and 4 Minutes
Madonna Actress: Desperately Seeking Susan, A League of Their Own; won a best actress Golden Globe for Evita Set a record in 2012 for the most #1 albums by a solo artist with her release of MDNA Huge impact on fashion (1st female to control music & image) Considered the Queen of Pop Adult-Oriented Rock
AKA Album-Oriented Rock (aimed at Boomers) Not a genre - type of radio play Rotations represent a wide variety of genres Effort by radio executives / record labels to standardize FM playlists. Songs on rotation through a playlist - many were never released as singles Adult-Oriented Rock Bands / Artists - Aerosmith, Billy Joel, Bruce Springsteen, Boston, Journey, Meat Loaf, Paul
Simon, Peter Gabriel, Sting, Tom Petty, U2 U2 is one of the biggest rock bands that comes out of the 80s New Wave More popular in the UK than the US The Clash / The Police move away from the radical, dangerous parts of Punk music - not as harsh as punk New Wave designated bands that arent strictly punk, but are related to punk
Punk music is pushed back underground New Wave In the US, the term new wave was applied to most new pop or pop rock artists that primarily used synthesizers Bands / Artists: Duran Duran, Culture Club, Soft Cell, Adam Ant, Men at Work, INXS, Flock of Seagulls Hardcore Punk
Faster, heavier and more in your face than punk Simple riff-based songs Underground scene in big cities: Washington, D.C., NYC, and Boston - also some popularity in Australia, Canada and the UK Audience at these concerts develops slam dancing / moshing Hardcore Punk Not much mainstream success - Dead Kennedys had an album reach gold status...
after 25 years. Bands / Artists: Dead Kennedys, The Germs, Black Flag, Bad Religion Techno Electronic dance music Originated in Detroit, Michigan Direct relation to European Synth Pop and Electronic music made famous by Kraftwerk Use of repetitive electronic rhythms (drum machines), mechanical textures, and minor
melodies Techno Expanded into several different styles: Hardcore, Trance, Acid-House and Tech-House Artists: 808 State, Blake Baxter, Frankie Bones, Kraftwerk Develops a lot in the 90s New Blues Resurgence in popularity of blues music
Robert Cray - Strong Persuader (86) - 5 Grammy Winner; inducted into Blues Hall of Fame (2011) Stevie Ray Vaughan - Texas Flood (83) - 6 Grammy Winner; inducted into Blues Hall of Fame (2000) - killed in a helicopter crash New Blues Eric Clapton - Unplugged (90) - 17 Grammy Winner; inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Live Blues and Blues Revue publications were
distributed, more outdoor blues festivals were common Blues Brothers movie (1980) - starring Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi - resurgence of John Lee Hooker Heavy Metal Guitar riffs - weapon of choice; dark/violent lyrics screamed by male singer considered attack to mainstream pop & yuppie culture Led Zeppelin is a precursor to Heavy Metal
(hard rock) Page interested in occult; accused of adding subliminal satanic messages to some songs (band denied the accusations) Heavy Metal Black Sabbath - one of the first Tony Iommi (guitar), Ozzy Osbourne (vocals), Geezer Butler (bass), Bill Ward (drums) Originally Polka Tulk Blues Band - changed their name to Black Sabbath after seeing a billboard
with a movie of the same name Osbourne and Butler wrote the song Black Sabbath which sounded ominous and dark and used the Devils Interval Songs focused on occult, drugs and Satan worship Heavy Metal Other bands: Judas Priest dark Sabbath sound, harder, more metal"
Iron Maiden more evil than Priest; band logo (mascot: Eddie) Van Halen invited the girls and made it a party Metallica return back to the core metal sound Heavy Metal Other influences: Alice Cooper - shock rock Kiss - 1st live album and merchandizing AC/DC - loud and brash
Hair (Glam) Metal Mixture of glam rock & heavy metal Lots of makeup, over-the-top clothing, long styled hair Heavily distorted guitars and screaming vocals Converted huge amount of rock fans before popularity declined due to the Grunge movement in the 90s Hair Metal
Borrowed image from artists like NY Dolls & glam rock but music was heavy metal. Used MTV to promote themselves Bands: Poison, Warrant, Twisted Sister, Quiet Riot, Bon Jovi, Def Leppard (bigger is better especially for hair styles!) Develops power/monster ballad Hair Metal [Hollywood, CA] Van Halen - 1978 self-titled album goes platinum 6x over!
David Lee Roth - singer/frontman, unparalleled showmanship Eddie Van Halen - guitar, revolutionized guitar playing 1980: Metals Golden Year 1981: even has its own dance: head bang Hair Metal Def Leppard is 1st HM MTV breakout band, Pyromania (2nd album) = 2nd highest album in 80s behind Thriller
more pop metal: polished sound, crosses into pop charts, success raises the bar for all of HM Metal becomes fashionable - big sounds=big hair 82-83 LA (sunset strip) is Hair Band scene 83: Quiet Riot gets record deal (unknown until) from Metal Health (#1 LP in U.S. - 1st time HM had a song reach #1!) Motley Crue comes out of LA Decadent
Dont care about consequences Go against the grain; debauchery Pyrotechnics Explosions - shows are bigger, better, faster, harder, louder uses piano to create 1st power ballad takes albums past 4 million mark in sales Hair Metal **Most Acclaimed: Guns n Roses - transcend hair band status with Stones influenced sound; bridge underground and pop audiences
Appetite for Destruction (sells unprecedented 15 million copies on 1st pressing!) frontman/singer: Axl Rose guitar: Slash open for groups like Aerosmith and get a HUGE following Sweet Child of Mine The End of Hair Metal Power ballad leads to Metal selling out, processed
sounds then unplugged?? (thanks Tesla) The Party is over, a casualty of itself (soften sound loses fan base) Evidence of the end: Decline of Western Civilization (part 2) The Metal Years - decadence had to end Underground Thrash Metal features: Anthrax (NY), Slayer (CA), Megadeth (LA), *Metallica* (1st album Kill em All) Parent Music Resource Center
PMRC wants to censor Heavy Metal The Filthy 15 (9 were Heavy Metal songs) Tipper Gore, wife of (then) Senator, Al Gore, wants to add warning labels to records Lead singer of Twisted Sister, Dee Snider, Frank Zappa & John Denver Alternative Umbrella term for underground music Rejection of commercialism; played in small clubs; recorded for indie labels - nonmainstream
Play a lot on college radio stations, not regular radio play Bands: REM, Violent Femmes, The Velvet Underground, The Replacements, They Might Be Giants, Sonic Youth, Pixies, Janes Addiction, The Cure Another genre that got pushed aside by the grunge movement of the 90s Technology in the 1980s 5 Compact Disc (CD), later the multi-disc player
Replaces tapes / records Baby boomers buy CDs to replace the albums they already had Start to broaden musical tastes Walkman - personal tape player; new way to listen to music. Before, you couldnt take it with you Boom Boxes Drum Machines / Sequencers - helped with Techno and electronic music MTV videos - MJs Thriller changed the way videos were produced forever
Live Aid 1984 - BBC reports on the Ethiopian Famine Bob Geldof wrote the song Do They Know Its Christmas?, contacted musicians and asked them to help record it. Sold as a single to raise money - $24 million Due to the popularity of the single, Geldof had the idea for the concert 7/13/85 - Started at noon in Wembley Stadium (UK) and continued at JFK Stadium (PA, US) at 8:51am Phil Collins performed both at Wembley and JFK flying from
the UK after his set to PA Raised 150 million pounds Artists involved: Phil Collins, Elvis Costello, U2, Sting, Dire Straits, Queen, The Who, Elton John, Paul McCartney, Black Sabbath, RUN-D.M.C, Beach Boys, Santana, Madonna, Eric Clapton - and more! We Are the World - U.S.A. for Africa Produced by Quincy Jones Written by Michael Jackson & Lionel Ritchie
recorded Jan. 28, 1985 @ American Music Awards 1st press: 800,000 March 7, 1985 - sold out in 6 days rose to #1 on charts within 3 weeks Artists involved: *Dan Aykroyd, Harry Belafonte, Tay Charles, Kim Carnes, Bob Dylan, Bob Geldof, Hall & Oates, Jackson 5, Billy Joel, Cyndi Lauper, Bette Midler, Smoky Robinson, Willie Nelson, Kenny Rogers, Diana Ross, Stevie Wonder, Tina Turner, Paul Simon, Bruce Springsteen - and more!
All three levels of government are examples of representative democracy. News headlines for each level of gov't: "Feds spending $4.5B to buy Trans Mountain pipeline" - CTV News "B.C. takes pipeline fight to court, asking for power to restrict oil...
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Software architecture describes key software components and their inter-relationships. A very general software architecture will give you insight about all the software that goes into making the autonomous system; this will include:
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