Affix - WordPress.com

Affix - WordPress.com

Prefix & Suffix SUTHERLAND HIGH SCHOOL Affix Affix Prefix Suffix Root Words

Some words are made up of different parts, for example, unemployment. Unemployment has a beginning (prefix), a middle (root word) and an ending (suffix). Unemployment: un (prefix), employ (root) ment (suffix) The root word is the basic word and by adding prefixes and suffixes, we can change its meaning. Root Words If we take the root word, employ,

and add other suffixes we can make other words, such as employed, employee, employer. Both the spelling and the meanings of the words are linked. Root Words Here are some more examples of root words and their word families: Use: useless, usable, used, using, user, misuse

Friend: friendly, friendship, unfriendly, friendless Faith: faithful, faithfully, unfaithful, unfaithfully Prefixes A prefix is a group of letters that you can add to the beginning of a root word* to change the meaning of a word. For example, mis + fortune = misfortune.

Prefixes The meaning of prefixes: Every prefix has a meaning. For example: The prefix un means not The root word clear means bright, free from difficulty So un + clear = unclear, meaning not clear or dim, difficult to see or understand Prefix

There are no rules to help you remember which prefix you should use, although knowing the meaning of the prefix can help. Here are some examples of prefixes and their meanings: Prefixes Prefix Meaning

Mis- wrong or badly mis pelled or mis spelt means wrongly spelt Sub- under subway mean a way under the ground

Pre- before in time, in front of or superior prepacked means packed before Un- not (there are also several other prefixes which mean not)

unhurt means not hurt Suffixes A suffix is a group of letters that you can add to the end of a root word* to change the meaning of the word . For example, paint + ing = painting. Suffixes Suffix

-s, -es -ing or ed -er, -est -ful or less Meaning Means more than one (plural): e.g. books, bags, chairs

Shows when something happened in the present (ing) or past (ed) tense: e.g.: I am working there now or I worked there last week Means more or the most of something: e.g. that drink was colder (more cold) or that was the coldest drink (the most cold) Shows there is a lot of something (hopeful a lot of hope) or none of something (hopeless no hope)

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