1896 Summer Olympics - Oak Park Independent

1896 Summer Olympics - Oak Park Independent

1896 Summer Olympics Jack Berner Period 3 Before the Games Multiple sport festivals existed across Europe such as the Wenlock games, and other Olympic games, however none of them were international. Sports in Europe were becoming increasingly popular and well funded Wenlock Olympic Games Origins of the Olympics The original idea for an international sporting event was created by Dr William Brookes (who unfortunately died the year before the first Olympic games), and this in turn influenced Pierre de Coubertin Pierre de Coubertin was the true founder of the Olympics and the I nternational Olympic Committee (IOC) On 18 June 1894 in Sorbonne, Coubertin organized a conference in which he

suggested the Olympic games, and it was very well received Earlier Greek games were sponsored by business tycoons George Averoff and the Zappa family, and this inspired Coubertin to receive the same monetary support from the same people. George Averoff With deep feeling towards Baron de Coubertin's courteous petition, I send him and the members of the Congress, with my sincere thanks, my best wishes for the revival of the Olympic Games. -King George I of Greece Coubertins Request Coubertin requested that the Olympic games be held at Athens to the Greek Royal Family, and the request was well received; King George I said the following, With deep feeling towards Baron de Coubertin's courteous petition, I send him and the members of the Congress, with my sincere thanks, my best wishes for the revival of the Olympic Games A Greek judge named Stefanos Dragoumis tried to repeal the motion, believing Greece could not host the games, but he was not able to.

Pierre de Coubertin Game Planning/Organization The International Olympic Committee estimated that hosting the games would cost about 3,740,000 drachmas Much of the required funds came from enthusiastic Greek citizens, and the kings royal purse, however the majority of funds from one person came from George Averoff The IOC held a number of administrative votes, and chose to only allow amateur athletes to participate International Olympic Committee (Prince Constantin in the center) Opening Ceremonies The opening ceremony took place on April 6th 80,000 spectators were present The Greek National anthem was played and nine orchestras played various songs afterward Prince Constantin gave the first speech There was no Olympic flame (which was introduced in 1928) The crowd cheered, Long live the Crownprince! Long live Mr. Averoff

! God bless our nation! Opening Ceremony Sports and Events The nine sports played during the Olympics were athletics, gymnastics, weightlifting wrestling, swimming, tennis, shooting, cycling, and fencing. Football, cricket, rowing, and boating were originally intended to be included, but did not receive funding Greek participants outnumbered all the other nations combined Final 100 meters of the race Launceton Elliot, popular among the Greek ladies Countries The attending countries in no particular order were, Greece, USA, Italy, Britain, France, Austria-Hungary (Although the two nations were considered separate in medal count), Switzerland, Chile, Sweden, Germany, Bulgaria, Australia (although it was still technically part of Britain). Countries like Belgium and Russia were invited, but did not attend Map of

participating nations Countries (Cont.) Tennis doubles teams were allowed to have different nations, there were three of these, and one of them won a gold medal (John Boland [GBR] and Friedrich Traun [GER] No Asian, African, or Pacific Island nations were invited to the event This was the first event in which Great Britain participated as an entire nation, rather than its constituent kingdoms John Boland and his partner Friedrich Traun Medals/Winners By modern IOC medal values, the Greece won, and the US came in second place Greece won the largest amount of medals (largely because it had a great amount of competitors)

The medal system was initially different, with the winners receiving silver medals, and the second place getting a copper medal The IOC has given a modern medal count to each nation (next page) First Place Silver Medal Runner Up Medal Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total United States 11 7

2 20 Greece 10 17 19 46 Germany 6 5

2 13 France 5 4 2 11 Great Britain 2 3 2

7 Hungary 2 1 3 6 Austria 2 1 2

5 Australia 2 0 0 2 Denmark 1 2 3 6

Switzerland 1 2 0 3 Sweden 0 0 0 0

Bulgaria 0 0 0 0 Chile 0 0 0 0 Italy

0 0 0 0 Works Cited "1896 Summer Olympics." Princeton University. N.p., n.d. Web. "Athens 1896 6th April - 15th April." Athens 1896 Summer Olympics. N.p., n.d. Web. "The Century; a Popular Quarterly Volume 0053 Issue 1 (Nov 1896)." The Century; a Popular Quarterly Volume 0053 Issue 1 (Nov 1896). N.p., n.d. Web. "Event Results." Olympic Games Medals, Results, Sports, Athletes|Mdailles, Rsultats, Sports Et Athltes Des Jeux Olympiques. N.p., n.d. Web. "Historical People." - Pierre De Coubertin. N.p., n.d. Web.

Works Cited "Latest History Articles:." Britain Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. Mallon, Bill, ed. The 1896 Olympic Games. Jefferson: McFarland &,, 1998. Print. "Olympic Games 1896 Athens." Participating Countries Olympic Games 1896. N.p., n.d. Web. "World Stadiums - Stadiums in Greece." World Stadiums - Stadiums in Greece. N.p., n.d. Web. Images All images not cited in the work cited used wikimedia commons files

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