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CHAPTER 6 LESSON 1 Vocab: recruit; mercenary 1. The British had four advantages what were they? 2. There were three groups of Americans, name them and explain their position regarding the war. 3. The Patriots had three advantages what were they? 4. There were two views on a national government what were they? See p 152 under sub-heading The Continental Army 5. The average Continental soldier signed up for how long and how long did Gen. Washington want them to sign up for? 6. In 1776 how many British troops were there in the colonies? How many Continental troops were there?

7. The Battle of Long Island occurred when and what were the results? What were the two reasons for the loss? CHAPTER 6 LESSON 1 8. By the winter of 1776 how many soldiers were in the Continental Army? 9. Explain the two sides to letting African Americans fight in the war. 10. How many Africans Americans were believed to have fought in the Revolutionary War and what were the three reasons they did fight? 11. Summarize the Battles of Trenton and Princeton.

12. What was the British Strategy in early 1777? 13. Summarize the Battle of Saratoga and why was it important? CHAPTER 6 LESSON 1 Mercenary hired soldier recruit- to enlist in the military 1. The British four advantages were: - largest navy - well trained army - wealth of the British empire - larger population 8 million to 2.5 million

2. There were the patriots who fought against the British; the loyalist who were loyal to the British and Quakers who were neutral because they did not believe in war CHAPTER 6 LESSON 1 3. The Patriots advantages were? - Fighting on their own ground; British had to go across the Atlantic with men and supplies - Americans had greater motivation their freedom - They had Gen. George Washington 4. The two sides were 1- for a strong national government which meant to turn over

some powers to a national government. 2- Strong belief in liberty and personal freedom and not willing to transfer any power to a national government 5. Most signed up for one year of service but Gen Washington wanted them to sign up for three years or until the war ended. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 1 6. There were 32,000 British troops and 20,000 Continental troops. 7. The Battle of Long Island occurred in late August 1776 and the Patriots suffered a bad defeat because of the larger and better equipped British army.

8. 5,000 9. Some wanted to free the African Americans but many mostly the southern colonies worried about giving guns and training to African Americans for fear of revolt. 10. As many as 5,000 fought in the war and the three reasons are - believed in the Patriots cause - a chance to earn money CHAPTER 6 LESSON 1 11. The British had troops at Princeton and Trenton for the winter.

The Americans under Gen Washington saw an opportunity. They crossed the Delaware River on Christmas Eve 1776 surprised the British troops at Trenton, then marched on Princeton and scattered the British troops there. 12. British wanted to seize Albany, New York and gain control of the Hudson River. This would allow them to cut off New England from the Middle Colonies. They first had to seize Philadelphia home of the Continental Congress and he did and settled in Philadelphia for the winter of 1777. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 1 13. British plan to capture Albany was in trouble. American

soldiers stopped St Leger and the British troops from Lake Ontario at Fort Stanwix, NY. Gen Burgoynes troops captured Fort Ticonderoga but was stopped from getting supplies at Bennington, Vermont by a local militia group called the Green Mountain Boys forcing British Gen Burgoyne to retreat to Saratoga, NY. He was now alone since St Leger from Lake Ontario was stopped and Gen Howe moving north up the Hudson was stopped. Gen Burgoyne was surrounded and surrendered Oct 1777. The importance of this battle was an enormous victory for the Continental Army and a turning point in the war. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 2

1. The French had provided what type of support to the Americans up to this point? 2. What was the reason the French declared war on England in February 1778? 3. What did Spain do in 1779? There were two specifics actions. Also what was the importance of Spains actions? 4. Summarize the Americans winter at Valley Forge. You must have a minimum of five facts. 4. Explain who Lafayette was? 5. Who was Frederick Von Steuben and what was his importance to the Americans?

CHAPTER 6 LESSON 2 6. Explain why Americans had problems paying for the war and what was the end result? 7. What were the two specific actions taken by states regarding the question of slavery? 8. Four specific actions occurred to the Loyalists in the United States what were they? CHAPTER 6 LESSON 2 1. The French had provided what type of support to the Americans up to this point?

Secretly provided money 2. What was the reason the French declared war on England in February 1778? The American victory at the Battle of Saratoga CHAPTER 6 LESSON 2 3. What did Spain do in 1779? There were two specifics actions They declared war on Britain and the fought against the British at Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida. The importance was that kept British forces in those areas. 4. Summarize the Americans winter at Valley Forge. You must have a minimum of five facts.

They did not have blankets, shoes or shirts. Supplies were slow because of the roads. Shelters were not decent. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 2 4. Explain who Lafayette was? He was a 19 year old volunteer who was excited about the ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence. He became an important aide to Gen. Washington. 5. Who was Frederick Von Steuben and what was his importance to the Americans? He was an officer in the Prussian army and he helped train American soldiers.

CHAPTER 6 LESSON 2 6. Explain why Americans had problems paying for the war and what was the end result? 7. What were the two specific actions taken by states regarding the question of slavery? 8. Four specific actions occurred to the Loyalists in the United States what were they? . CHAPTER 6 LESSON 2

6. Explain why Americans had problems paying for the war and what was the end result? Continental Congress did not have the ability to raise taxes They were getting money from the states and foreign countries They printed money but did not have enough gold and silver to back the money so inflation quickly occurred. Inflation caused the value of the money to become worthless Congress stopped printing money The problem still existed how to pay for the war 7. What were the two specific actions taken by states regarding the question of slavery? 8. Four specific actions occurred to the Loyalists in the United

CHAPTER 6 LESSON 2 7. What were the two specific actions taken by states regarding the question of slavery? New jersey asked the government to free all the slaves. The Governor wrote that slavery was not consistent with the principles of Christianity and humanity 8. Four specific actions occurred to the Loyalists in the United States what were they? 1) Fled to England 2) Neighbors shunned them 3) Some who were active Loyalists got arrested

4) In extreme cases they were executed CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3 Vocab: Blockade Privateer GUIDED READING QUESTIONS: 1. Why did the Native Americans help the British more than the Americans? 2. Summarize George Rogers Clarks expedition. You must have the two places he captured as well as the importance of his victories.

3. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3 Vocab: Blockade Privateer GUIDED READING QUESTIONS: 1. Why did the Native Americans help the British more than the Americans? 2. Summarize George Rogers Clarks expedition. You must have the two places he captured as well as the importance of his victories.

CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3 3. What was the British strategy for war at sea? 4. Summarize the American Navy in terms of numbers as well as effectiveness. 5. Summarize John Paul Jones victory. 6. Summarize early fighting in the south 7. What was the British strategy for the colonies in 1778? 8. After the British change in strategy to concentrate in the south what were the immediate results for the British? CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3

9. Summarize hit and run tactics. 10. What three important ways did the Spanish in Louisiana help the Americans? 11. Summarize the three significant battles the Americans fought under the subheading American Successes 12. Why did Gen Cornwallis retreat to Yorktown? CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3 1. The Native Americans helped Great Britain out more because they saw the Americans as the ones taking their land and killing them.

2. Summarize George Rogers Clarks expedition. You must have the two places he captured as well as the importance of his victories. He captured the British outpost at Kaskaskia and twice had to take the town of Vincennes. The importance was his victories strengthened the American position in the west. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3 3. What was the British strategy for war at sea? British ships maintained a blockade to prevent ships from entering or leaving the harbors which limited delivery of supplies and troops to American forces.

4. Summarize the American Navy in terms of numbers as well as effectiveness. The American Navy had 13 ships but only two made it to sea. The American Navy was not at all effective. 5. The privateers were captured more British ships than the American Navy. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3 5. Summarize John Paul Jones victory. He sailed to the British coast and raided ports successfully. The British ship Serapis attacked the Bonhomme Richard off the British coast. They fought for hours and the British captain

asked Capt Jones if he wished to surrender. Capt Jones replied I have not yet begun to fight and actually won forcing ther Serapis to surrender. 6. Summarize early fighting in the south. The Americans won victories at Moores Creek; key port of Charles Town, South Carolina as well as Saratoga. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3 7. The British decided the war would be one in the south because there was a large number of loyalists in the south. The hoped their superior sea power with Loyalist support would win the war.

8. After the British change in strategy to concentrate in the south what were the immediate results for the British? The British captured Savannah and then Charles Town, South Carolina. The won a battle at Camden. 9. Summarize hit and run tactics. The American forces would suddenly appear, fire their weapons CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3 10. What three important ways did the Spanish in Louisiana help the Americans? - They shipped supplies and ammunition up the Mississippi River to help George Rogers Clark avoiding the blockade

- Raised an army to fight the British - Drove the British out of the Gulf of Mexico CHAPTER 6 LESSON 3 11. Summarize the three significant battles the Americans fought under the subheading American Successes - The were victorious at Kings Mountain - The Americans won a second battle at Cowpens - At Guilford Courthouse the Americans had to retreat but inflicted heavy losses on the British. 12. Why did Gen Cornwallis retreat to Yorktown? Trying to win the war quickly because of the French troops

coming as well as Americans holding Virginia and moving south, Gen Cornwallis took shelter at Yorktown. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 4 1. The French were to join the Americans north of New York and attack New York. Why did they not attack New York and where instead did they attack? 2. What three military forces surrounded Gen Cornwallis at Yorktown? 3. What was the American strategy to fight Gen Cornwallis at Yorktown and what was the result? 4. Create a T-Chart of the Treaty of Paris of 1783.

British American CHAPTER 6 LESSON 4 5. There were five major reasons for American victory name them. 6. The ideas being fought for in American had started to spread to other countries. Provide an example. CHAPTER 6 LESSON 4

1. The French were to join the Americans north of New York and attack New York. Why did they not attack New York and where instead did they attack? Gen Rochambeaus army joined Gen Washingtons army north of New York. Gen Lafayettes army never arrived and was sent to Virginia to stop Gen. Cornwallis. They decided to meet Gen Lafayettes army at Yorktown and fight Gen. Cornwallis instead of attacking New York. 2. What three military forces surrounded Gen Cornwallis at Yorktown? Gen Washington, Gen Lafayette and Gen Rochambeau CHAPTER 6 LESSON 4

3. What was the American strategy to fight Gen Cornwallis at Yorktown and what was the result? They laid siege - which is to block movement of people and goods - on Yorktown. It worked and on Oct 19, Gen Cornwallis surrendered. . CHAPTER 6 LESSON 4 4. Create a T-chart of Treaty of Paris British

Americans Recognized United States as an independent country Promised to pay British merchants what they owe They withdraw all troops from American territory Congress would advise the new states to return property taken

from the Loyalists Gave Americans fishing rights off the coast of nearby Canada CHAPTER 6 LESSON 4 5. Five reasons were: - The Americans knew the land - British had to move troops and supplies across the Atlantic Ocean causing delays such as Yorktown - Rural people like at the Battle of Kings Mountain did not like being told what to do

-Help from other countries notably France and Spain - Peoples movement the Americans were more motivated 6. The French colony of Saint Domingue saw enslaved Africans rise up against shook off French rule because of American ideas of freedom

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