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CHICAGO STYLE GUIDE (17TH ED.)NOTES & BIBLIOGRAPHY STYLETh i s g ui d e d e scr i be s th e hu m a n it i es s ty l e ( n ot e s & b i bl i ogr ap hy) t ha t i s pref err ed by ma ny in t h e ar t s,li t er a t ure , an d h is t or y . Th e “ a ut h or -d a te” s ty le is re serv ed f or t h e p hy si ca l , na t ura l an d so c ia l s c ie nc e s a n dis n o t cov ere d by th i s g u id e .Fo r m ore i nf orm a ti o n p l ea se r ef er to T he C h ic ag o M a nu al of S ty le ( C MO S) , l oc a te d be h in d th e l i braryr efer e nc e de sk ( Re f Z2 5 3. U6 9 20 17) . F or f ur th er i nf orma t i on o n el e ctr o n i c s o ur ce d oc um en t at i o n , v is i t th eC hi c ag o Ma n ua l of S ty le we bs i te: ww w .ch ic ag om an u alo f sty l e.o rg /to ol s cit ati on gu id e/ ci tati on -g u id e- 1.TABLE OF CONTENTSFORMATTING GUIDELINESF ON T, S P A CI NG , MA R GI NS , AL IG N MEN T , I N DEN T AT IO N , PAG E N UM BE RS3C OVE R PA GE3QU O TA TI O NS [ S H OR T AN D L O NG]4B I BLI O G RA P HY PA GE5HA NG I NG I ND E N T G UI DE6CREDITING SOURCESW HA T R E Q UI RE S A F O O T NO TE7H O W DO E S A C IT A T I ON AP PEA R IN T HE T E X T7S H O RTE NI N G F O O TN O TE S W HEN CI T IN G A S O UR C E M O RE T H AN O N CE8H O W T O I NS E R T A F O O T NO TE IN W O R D O R G O O G LE D O CS8SOURCE TYPESTW O AU T HO RS9T HRE E O R M O RE AU T H O R S9O RGA N I ZA TI O N OR G O VE RN ME NT AS AU T H O R10AUT H O R U NK NO W N10CLA S S I CA L PR I MA RY S O U R CES11S C RI P TU RAL RE FE RE N CE S11U.S . C ONS T IT UT I ON11S OU R CE QU O TE D IN AN O T HER SO UR CE11PE RS O NAL CO M MU NI C A TI O N12AUT H O R A N D E DI T O R OR TR ANS LA TO R12

TABLE OF CONTENTS CONTINUEDPERIODICALS – ONLINE & PRINTJO UR NAL AR T I CLE F OR M AT TI NG N O TES13JO UR NAL AR T I C LE – W IT H A D O I13JO UR NAL AR T I CLE – W IT H OU T A D O I14MA GA Z INE S O R NE W S PA PER – O NL IN E & PR I NT14BOOKS – ELECTRONIC & PRINTB O OK F OR MA T TI N G N O T E S15O RD E R O F E LE ME NTS W H E N CI T IN G A B O OK15PR I NT B O OK15E LE C T RO N I C B OO K16AR TI CL E OR C H AP TE R I N AN E D ITE D C OL LE CT I ON16E NT RY I N A RE FE RE N CE B O OK – O NL INE & P R IN T17AUDIOVISUAL MEDIAO RD E R O F E LE ME NTS F O R MUL TI ME D IA C I TAT I O NS18S TRE AM I NG V I DE O18FI LM / DV D19P OD C AS T19WEBSITES & SOCIAL MEDIAWE BS I TE F O RM AT T IN G N OT ES20WE BP AGE W I T H A N AU T H OR20WE BP AGE – O R GA NI ZA T I ON AS A UT H O R O R N O A UT H OR20BL O GP OS T21LI B RA RY O F C ON GR E S S D IG I T AL C OL LE CT I ON22LINK TO A SAMPLE PAPER IN CHICAGO STYLEScan to be linked to a sample paper in Chicago Style2

GENERAL FORMATTING GUIDELINESYo ur pr ofe ss or s wi l l exp ec t t o r e c eiv e pa p er s t h at ar e pr o per ly fo rma t te d. Un l es s o th erw i se r e q ue st e d byy o ur pr of e ss or , u s e t h e fo ll o w in g g u id el i ne s wh en se t t in g u p a pa per i n C hi c ag o S ty le . On e i nc h m ar g i ns o n si d es , to p , an d bo t t omTi me s N ew R om a n, 1 2 p t . f o ntD ou b le - sp a ce t he t ext (e xc ep t f or b lo ck q u ot es , f o ot n ot e s , a nd b ib l i ogr ap hy e n tr ie s) .Use a ½ in c h in de n t f or par agr ap h be g in n in gs , b l ock q u ot es , a nd h an gi n g i n de nt s .Lef t -a l ig n tex t so t h at i t ha s a r a gg ed r i gh t ed ge . D o no t u se ne w sp ap er j us t if ie d tex t .Num b er th e p ag e s i n t he t op r i gh t c orn er of t he he ad er be gi n ni ng w i th t he fir s t p ag e of t ext ( no t th eti t le p ag e ) . S om e pr of es sor s al s o li k e y o ur la s t n ame i n cl u de d wi t h th e p age n um ber .Rem ov e e xtr a sp a ci ng b et we en p ar a gra p hs .COVER PAGES ho u ld y our p ap er r eq u i r e a t i tl e pa ge , us e th e f o ll o wi ng g ui de l i ne s.1.2.3.4.5.The tit le should be centered one-thi rd of the way down the page in ALL CAP S.If there is a sub -ti tle, end your t it le with a colon and enter the sub -title on a separate line .Your name, class information , and the date should fol low several lines late r.Double -space each line of the cover page.Do not put a page number on the cover page .NOT E : Whi le m os t f or m a l r e s ear c h p a per s r e q ui r e a t i tl e pa ge , no t a ll wr it i ng a ss ig nm en t s m ake us e ofth em . Wh e n i n d ou b t, a s k y o ur in s tr u c t or .The top portion of a sample Chicago style title page3

QUOTATIONSTh e C MO S re q uir es q u ot at i o n o f a l l wor d -f or -w o rd m at er ia l . Al l quoted material must be accompanied by afootnote.Footnotes are n ot es t ha t a p pe ar in t he f oo t erse c ti o n of th e pa ge . In C hi c ag o no t es a ndbi b li o gra p hy s ty le , fo o tn o te s ar e us ed t o t el l t her ea der t he s o urc e of i de as or l an gu ag e in t hetex t . T o ci t e a n o ut s id e so ur ce , a su per s cr ip tnu m b er is p la c ed af ter a qu o te , s um m ar y , o rpar ap hr as e . T he s up er sc r ip t n um b er c or r e s po n d st o a n um ber ed f oo t no t e c on ta i n in g s o ur cein f or ma t i on .Image source: Daria Nepriakhina/Stocksnap.io 1SHORT QUOTATIONSIf a q u o te i s l ess than five lines , in c or p or a te i t in t o a s en te n ce . E n cl o se t he q uo t e d ma te ri a l i n d ou b lequ o ta t i on mark s - “” . Pl ac e th e su per s cr ip t nu m ber a t th e e n d of th e se nt en c e or qu o ta t i on .Qu o t at i on ex am pl e:Kim a nd K oh ’ s inv es t ig at i on i nt o t he r e la t i on sh i p be t we en sm ar tp h on e o bs es s io n an d se lf - es te e msu gg es te d th a t “in d iv i d u al s wi t h lo w se lf - es te em may f e el mo re an xi o us , an d be i ng anx i o us c anin cr ea se o ne 's o bs es s i o n w i th sm ar tp h on e us e . ” 2LONG QUOTATIONSQu o t es of fiv e or m or e li ne s, o r 1 00 or m or e w or ds ar e c a ll e d b loc k quotes and a re f or ma t te d di f fere n tlyth a n t h eir s h ort er c ou n t er p ar ts . Wh en u si ng b l o ck qu o ta t i on s f o ll o w th e gu i de l in es b el o w: C ha ng e th e li ne s pa c i ng t o s in gle -spaced , and i nc lu d e a d d a n ext ra l in e b ef ore an d af ter t he b l o c kqu o te .B lo ck q u ot a ti o ns a pp ear o n a n ew l in e an d are i ndented half an inch .Wh e n b l o ck qu o ta t io n s i nc l ud e m u lt i p le par agr a ph s , n ew p ara gra p hs ar e fur th er i nd en t ed .B lo ck q u ot a ti o ns d o NOT make use of quotation marks .C ol o ns ar e fr eq u en t ly u s ed w he n in tr od u c in g a b l ock q u ot a ti o n. T he y ar e n ot re qu ir ed .Use b l o ck q u o ta t io n s s p ar i ng ly .E xam pl e of a bl o ck q uo t at i onTh e di s ti n ct i o n b e tw ee n sp ir i tu a li ty an d r e li gi o si ty is fur t her c l ari fi ed by Mi l ler a nd T h ore se n:Spir i t ua l ity i s m or e co n c er n e d w i th h ow a n in d iv id u al h as a per s on a l re l a ti o ns h ip t o l arg ertra n sc en d en t r ea l it i es , s uc h as t he u n iv er se or G od , w her ea s re l ig i os i ty i s m ore c o n cer ne d wi t h ho wan i nd iv id u al ex per i en c e s a tr an s ce n de nt b ei n g a nd h ow t h is i s e xpr es se d i n a c om mu n ity or s o ci a lorg an iz a ti o n . 14

BIBLIOGRAPHY PAGEC hi c ag o S ty le r eq u ir e s a l is t of s our c es i n th e f o rm o f a b ib l i ogr ap hy . Th e i nf orm a ti o n o n t h is l is t a l l ow swr i t ers t o cre d i t s o ur ce s an d r ea de r s t o f i nd , ev a lu a te , an d m ake f urt he r us e of th o se s ou rc es .What to include E v ery s o ur ce y o u par a ph r as ed , su m m ariz e d, or q uo t ed i n th e tex t . D o no t i nc l ud e so ur ce s t ha t y o u co n su l te d bu t di d n o t c it e . D o no t i nc l ud e per s on a l c om m un i ca t i on s ( su c h a s e ma i ls or u np ub l is h ed in t erv i ew s) , st a nd ar drel ig i o us t ext s su c h as t he Q ur a n or B i bl e , c l as s i ca l pr ima ry s o ur ce s ( su c h a s Th e Il i ad ) o r w el l -k no w nrefer e nc e bo ok s ( su c h a s E n cyc l op ed ia Br i ta nn ic a or th e Ox fo rd E ng l is h D ic ti on ar y) .How to o rder the entries E ntr i es ar e a l ph a be ti ze d by th e f ir st l e tt er in t he en try , g e ner al ly a n a u th or ’s l as t na me . E ntr i es t ha t hav e n o a u t hor o r e d it or are a l ph ab et iz ed by t it l e. Wh e n a l ph ab e ti zi ng by t it l e, i gn or e a rt i cl e s t h at be gi n th e t it l e (A , A n , a nd T he ) . Wh e n a n en tr y s tar ts w i th a n um b er , a l ph a be t iz e t h e e n try ba se d on h o w t h e n um be r w o ul d ap pe arif wri t te n . Wh e n a n en tr y s tar ts w i th a y ear , a lp ha b et iz e th e e n try ba se d on h o w t h e ye ar wo u ld b e s p ok en .How to f o rmat the page Th e bi b li o gr a ph y b eg i ns on a ne w pa ge af t er th e c on c lu s io n . In c lu d e a c o ns e cu t iv e p a ge nu m b er in t he t o p -ri g ht - c orn er of t he h ea der . Th e pa ge ha s t he w or d B ib l i ogr ap hy ce n ter e d a t th e t op w it h ou t a ny s pe c ia l f orm a tt i ng ( n o b ol d ,lar ger f on t siz e , or un de r l in e) . Leav e tw o b la nk l in es b e tw ee n th e w ord B i bl i ogr ap hy an d y o ur f irs t en tr y. Use “ an d” n o t “& ” f or m ul t i -a u th or en tr ie s . Fo r o n e to t en a ut h or s i n a s in g le en try , wr it e o ut a l l n am es i n th e bi b li ogr ap hy (e nt ri es i n th efo o tn o te s ca n be s hor t e ne d) . Fo r o n l in e s o ur ce s , pr ov id e D O Is i ns te a d of U RL s wh e nev er p o ss i bl e . In t he 1 7 t h e di t i on of C M OS , u se of 3 - em da sh ( - - -) f or m u l ti p le w orks b y t he sa me a ut h or isdi s co ur ag ed ( CM OS 1 4. 6 7) . B iblio graphy entr ies are sin gle -spaced wit h on e e xtr a s pa c e be tw ee n en tr ie s . B ib l i ogr ap hy en tr ie s m a k e u se o f a han gin g indent (ins tru c t io n s f or a ha ng in g in de n t are o n th e nex tpa ge ) .S am pl e B ib l io gra p hy fr o m P ur d u e OW L :5

HANGING INDENTHOW TO CREATE A HANGING INDENT IN MICROSOFT WORD1. Sel e ct t he t ex t th a t y ou wo u ld l ik e t o i nd e nt .2. On t h e H ome tab, c l ick t he ar r ow i n th e b ot t om rig h t of th ePar agr ap h gr ou p .3. In t he P ar a gr a p h d i al o g bo x, u nd er In d en t at i on , in t he Sp e ci a lli s t, s el e ct Han gin g .4. Th e m ea su r em en t s ho u l d a u t om a t i ca l ly s e t to 0 . 5 under B y .5. C li ck O K.*N o te : T h e Sp a ci n g b ef o r e a n d a ft er par agr a ph s sh o ul d be s et t o 0p t .Ti p! T he key b oar d sh or t cu t C t r l T als o cr ea te s a h a ng in g in de n t in W or d.S te ps 3 & 4S te p 2HOW TO CREATE A HANGING INDENT IN GOOGLE DOCS:1. C li ck “V i ew ” a n d m ak e s ur e “S ho w Ru l er” i s ch ec ked .2. Sel e ct t he t ex t th a t y ou wo u ld l ik e t o i nd e nt .3. On t h e r u l er , dr ag t he l i gh t bl ue i nv e rt ed tr i an gl e (L ef t In de n t m arker ) t o th e r ig h t u n ti l i t isa h a lf in c h fr om t he m ar gi n ( 0. 5 0) . ( Th e li gh t b lu e re c ta ng l e w i l l m ov e w i th i t .)4. Dr ag th e l ig ht b l ue r e ct a ng le (F ir st L in e In de n t m arker ) b a ck to t he l ef t m arg in (0 . 00) .St ep 3St ep 46

CREDITING SOURCESTO CRE D I T C ON TR I BU T O RS , C HI CA G O MA NUAL O F S TYLE ( CM OS ) RE Q UI R ES (1) A SU PE RS CR I PT N UM BE R FO RALL S OU R CE D IN F OR MA T I ON , ( 2) F OR E A C H SU PE RS CR I PT NU M BE R, A F O OT N OT E C ON TA IN IN G FU LL ( FI RS TUS E ) OR A B BR EV IA TE D ( S UBS E Q UE N T US E ) S OU R CE IN F O RM AT I ON , A N D ( 3) A FU LL L IS T OF S OU RC ES I N T HEF OR M O F A N EN D - O F -TE X T B IB LI O G RA PH Y .FOOTNOTESOVERVIEWWHAT REQUIRES A FOOTNOTEPar ap hr as es , su mm ar i es an d qu o t at i on s al l r e qu i re t h e u s e o f f o ot n o te c i ta t i on s . A paraphrase r est at es t h e s o ur ce m a ter i al i n ne w l a ng ua ge . A p ara p hra s e u se s ap pr ox im at e ly th esam e nu mb er of w or d s a s t h e or i gi n al .A summary con de n se s t h e s o ur ce m a ter i al t o r ef l ec t i ts ma i n i d ea( s) . A s umm ary us es s ig n ifi c an t lyle ss w or ds t ha n th e or ig in a l.A quotat ion r esta te s th e s our c e m at er ia l us i ng t he ex ac t l an gu ag e of th a t m at er ia l .HOW DOES CITATION INFORMATION APPEAR IN THE TEXTTo cr e di t t he wr it er s a n d th i nk er s w h os e i de as a re p ar ap hra s ed , su mmar ize d an d qu o te d , C M OS sty l ewr i t in g m ake s us e of b ot h s i gnal phrases and supersc ript re ference numbers that co rrespond to a footnote .S ignal ph rases (als o k n o wn as a t tr i b ut iv e ta gs or narr a t iv e c it a ti o n ) s ig n al t he re ad er th a t th e id ea orla ng u age b ei n g u se d is f r om an o u ts i de s our c e . Sig na l p hra se s g e ner al ly us e th e au t ho r(s ) n am e (s) an d av er b t o d o t h is . Th ey ap pe ar in t he s am e s en t en ce a s t h e s o ur ce ma ter i a l, e i th er dir e ct ly b ef ore or af terth a t m at er ia l . Se e th e S I GNA L PH RAS E G UI DE LI N ES ha n d ou t f or gu i de l in e s a n d a l is t of s ig na l p hr as e v er b s.Footnote ci tations m ak e us e of su per s cr ip t nu mb ers t ha t are p la c ed a s cl os e t o t h e ci t ed ma ter i a l a spo s si b le (n orm a lly a t th e e nd o f th e s e nt en c e) . Th e su per s cri p t nu mb er c orre sp o nd s t o a f oo t n o te e ntry a tth e bo t t om of t he p age . If y o u ar e c it i ng a so ur c e m ore t ha n o nc e , y ou c an s hor t en t he s ub se q ue ntfo o tn o te s. Ex amp l e s b el ow :In a n e ff ort t o ex pl a in t he c ul t ur a l v ar ia t io n s in sam e -f am ily re in c arn a ti on c l ai ms , Ma s ayuk ith e ori ze d th a t “ c ul t ur a l l y pr e s cr ib ed i de a s a b ou t rei n ca rn at i o n w o ul d be carr i ed i n to d ea t h a n dwo u ld i nf lu e nc e de c is i