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!!!!!!!!!The Study PersonificationIdiomBy: Panicked Teacher 2011http://panickedteacher.typepad.com/blog/

!!!!!!!!!!!!What is figurative language?The Study PersonificationIdiom

What is Alliteration?Alliteration: Repeated consonantsounds at the beginning of words.Alliteration Examples:BBetsy bought bigger bottoms for baby Billy.SSamantha saw seven silly soldiers selling strawberries Saturday.MMaria made millions of marshmallow muffins for many mellow messengers.

What isOnomatopoeia?Onomatopoeia: Words whose soundsuggests its meaning.Onomatopoeia Examples:The bees buzzed by flying back to their hive.Click the button to take the picture.The pig squealed when it saw the dog coming.

!What is a Metaphor?Metaphor: A figure of speechstating two things are similar.Metaphor Examples:The strawberry was a fresh summer day.The rain came down in full cold buckets.The test was a long never-ending marathon.She read the book at a snail’s pace.

!What is a Simile?Simile: A comparison using “like” or “as.”Simile Examples:She wasas smart as an owl.The student wasas quiet as a mouse.My backpack waslike a bag of bricks.

What is a Hyperbole?Hyperbole: An extravagant exaggeration.Hyperbole Examples:The walk was a million miles long!I ate five-thousand pancakes for breakfast!The bag of gifts weighs a ton!

What is Personification?Personification: Giving human qualitiesto things and ideas.Personification Examples:The tree leaves danced in the wind.The chair stood up straight and tall.The car jumped to the finish line.

What is an Idiom?Idiom: A phrase that has a meaningdifferent from the dictionary definition.Idiom Examples:She didn’t want to open that can of worms.The test was a piece of cake!Don’t take the fall for your friend.The early bird gets the worm.!

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Examples of IdiomsApple of my eye-feeling affection for someoneA dime a dozen-something so common that it has little value, no needA taste of your own medicine-a lesson where other people treat you the same way you treatthem in order to teach you that you are acting badly .Back to the drawing board-figuring out a new solution to a problemBall is in your court-it is up to you to make a decisionBend over backwards-helping someoneBite your tongue-stopping yourself from saying something that will hurt someone's feelingsBlowing your top-becoming extremely angryBreak a leg-do a great jobBreaking news-important information that just happenedBreaking the ice-getting to know someoneCall the shots-tell people what to do, in chargeChanging your mind-deciding to do something elseClear the air-talk about a problemCome in handy-something that is usefulCracking up-thinking something is funny, laughingCup of Joe-cup of coffeeCut it out-stop doing somethingCutting corners-to take a shortcut, to find a cheaper or easier way of doing somethingDead as a doornail-lifeless

Examples of IdiomsDon't rock the boat-do not cause problemsGoing out on a limb-taking a riskHit the road-leaveHit the hay/sack-you are going to go to sleepI'm all ears-ready to listenLend someone a hand-help someone outThat is over her/his head-they don't understandPenny pincher-someone who does not spend a lot of money and likes to buy things cheapPiece of cake-easy or simpleState of the art-the bestStealing my thunder-taking the attention away from someone's accomplishments and achievementsTake a hike-telling someone to leaveTake a rain check-declining now, but suggesting you may say yes in the futureThe apple doesn't fall far from the tree-a child growing up to be very similar to theirparents with similar characteristicsThe drop of a hat-doing something instantly before anything else, stopping what you aredoing to do something elseThe early bird gets the worm-whoever arrives first has the best chance of successUnder the weather-ill or sickWake up and smell the coffee-Start paying attention to what is happening around youWalking on eggshells-being very careful because someone gets easily offended or angryWe are in the same boat-being in the same situation or having the same problem as othersZip your lip-be quiet

Find the similes. Highlight or underline them.1. The clock struck midnight and the sky was as black as ink.2. The new couch was as big as a bus and could hardly fit inside their small living room.3. She forgot her glasses and felt as blind as a bat, so she had difficulty reading.4. She forgot her homework four days in a row and felt as flaky as a snowstorm.5. After getting all the questions correct on her test, she felt as wise as an owl.6. The snobby and conceited girl treated everyone badly and was as cold as ice.7. I needed my sunglasses inside since the lights were as bright as day.8. The new baby looked as cute as a cupcake in his brand new giraffe sweater.9. Her brand new puppy was as cute as a button when he chased his tail in circles.10. The frog wasn’t moving because it was as dead as a doornail.11. When everyone is sleeping, the house is as quiet as a mouse.12. When she graduated from high school, her mom was as proud as a peacock.13. When the school bell rings at the end of the day I feel as free as a bird.14. She accidentally dropped the meatball and it was as flat as a pancake.15. She ate the huge pizza all by herself and felt as fat as a pig.16. She exercised and ate healthy things all week and felt as light as a feather.17. Finding the ring she lost was like finding a needle in a haystack.18. The girl walked as slow as a snail because she was so exhausted.19. The class was as quiet as a mouse because they didn’t want to get in trouble.20. She was so cozy in her bed she felt as snug as a bug in a rug.

Find the similes. Highlight or underline them.21. The teacher told him it is as solid as a rock, admiring his model airplane.22. He wouldn’t change his mind and was told he was as stubborn as a mule.23. She felt as sick as a dog when she had the flu and didn’t go to school yesterday.24. She didn’t care what others said about her because she was as tough as nails.25. The extraordinary girl was as sweet as honey and was voted class president.26. She was so scared that she turned as white as a ghost.27. The dog’s fur looked as fluffy and white as snow after getting his hair washed.28. The basketball players all looked as tall as giraffes to the people in the audience.29. The ants at the picnic were as welcome as a skunk at a lawn party.30. He stayed out in the sun all day and after his face looked as red as a tomato.31. He hadn’t eaten the entire day at school and felt as hungry as a bear.32. The class acted like busy bees getting ready for open house later that day.33. When she made her speech she felt like a bug under a magnifying glass.34. He disappeared as quick as a wink when his mom asked him to do chores.35. The girl acted as nutty as a fruitcake when she wouldn’t stop laughing.36. Someone stole all of the money in her wallet and she felt as poor as dirt.37. She felt as fit as a fiddle after completing the twelve week exercise program.38. Her dad looked like a bald badger because he lost all his hair.39. The play was not good and would last as long as balloons in a room of kittens.40. She was as pleased as punch after she got a letter from her Grandma.

Find the similes. Highlight or underline them.1. The clock struck midnight and the sky was as black as ink.2. The new couch was as big as a bus and could hardly fit inside their small living room.3. She forgot her glasses and felt as blind as a bat, so she had difficulty reading.4. She forgot her homework four days in a row and felt as flaky as a snowstorm.5. After getting all the questions correct on her test, she felt as wise as an owl.6. The snobby and conceited girl treated everyone badly and was as cold as ice.7. I needed my sunglasses inside since the lights were as bright as day.8. The new baby looked as cute as a cupcake in his brand new giraffe sweater.9. Her brand new puppy was as cute as a button when he chased his tail in circles.10. The frog wasn’t moving because it was as dead as a doornail.11. When everyone is sleeping, the house is as quiet as a mouse.12. When she graduated from high school, her mom was as proud as a peacock.13. When the school bell rings at the end of the day I feel as free as a bird.14. She accidentally dropped the meatball and it was as flat as a pancake.15. She ate the huge pizza all by herself and felt as fat as a pig.16. She exercised and ate healthy things all week and felt as light as a feather.17. Finding the ring she lost was like finding a needle in a haystack.18. The girl walked as slow as a snail because she was so exhausted.19. The class was as quiet as a mouse because they didn’t want to get in trouble.20. She was so cozy in her bed she felt as snug as a bug in a rug.

Find the similes. Highlight or underline them.21. The teacher told him it is as solid as a rock, admiring his model airplane.22. He wouldn’t change his mind and was told he was as stubborn as a mule.23. She felt as sick as a dog when she had the flu and didn’t go to school yesterday.24. She didn’t care what others said about her because she was as tough as nails.25. The extraordinary girl was as sweet as honey and was voted class president.26. She was so scared that she turned as white as a ghost.27. The dog’s fur looked as fluffy and white as snow after getting his hair washed.28. The basketball players all looked as tall as giraffes to the people in the audience.29. The ants at the picnic were as welcome as a skunk at a lawn party.30. He stayed out in the sun all day and after his face looked as red as a tomato.31. He hadn’t eaten the entire day at school and felt as hungry as a bear.32. The class acted like busy bees getting ready for open house later that day.33. When she made her speech she felt like a bug under a magnifying glass.34. He disappeared as quick as a wink when his mom asked him to do chores.35. The girl acted as nutty as a fruitcake when she wouldn’t stop laughing.36. Someone stole all of the money in her wallet and she felt as poor as dirt.37. She felt as fit as a fiddle after completing the twelve week exercise program.38. Her dad looked like a bald badger because he lost all his hair.39. The play was not good and would last as long as balloons in a room of kittens.40. She was as pleased as punch after she got a letter from her Grandma.

Metaphor ExamplesHighlight or underline the 2 things being compared in each metaphor.Their mom was the rock of the family.The ship was a tiger roaring through the water.The airplane was an elephant running on the runway.The girl was a kitten to the new baby.Time was a thief to me this year.Her memory is cloudy since she can never remember anything.Her life was a rainbow of experiences.Her birthday was a storm of happiness.Her smile was sunshine when her baby was born.The history test was a train wreck.The dinner was an ocean of flavors.The teacher was an encyclopedia of information.

Metaphor ExamplesHighlight or underline the 2 things being compared in each metaphor.Their mom was the rock of the family.The ship was a tiger roaring through the water.The airplane was an elephant running on the runway.The girl was a kitten to the new baby.Time was a thief to me this year.Her memory is cloudy since she can never remember anything.Her life was a rainbow of experiences.Her birthday was a storm of happiness.Her smile was sunshine when her baby was born.The history test was a train wreck.The dinner was an ocean of flavors.The teacher was an encyclopedia of information.

Hyperbole ExamplesHighlight or underline the hyperbole example in each sentence.My backpack weighed a ton with all of my books in it.The homework list was miles long.The alarm clock could be heard around the world it was so loud.I felt like I hadn't seen you in years.I could eat every hamburger on this planet, I was so hungry.She thought she was the best tennis player on this planet.The class was never ending.Her brain was the size of a pea.I will die if I have to read one more page, I am so tired.I have told him a million times to get his chores done.The family had to wait for centuries to get seated at the restaurant.The pile of garbage reached the sky.I'll never reach the end of the race.

Hyperbole ExamplesHighlight or underline the hyperbole example in each sentence.My backpack weighed a ton with all of my books in it.The homework list was miles long.The alarm clock could be heard around the world it was so loud.I felt like I hadn't seen you in years.I could eat every hamburger on this planet, I was so hungry.She thought she was the best tennis player on this planet.The class was never ending.Her brain was the size of a pea.I will die if I have to read one more page, I am so tired.I have told him a million times to get his chores done.The family had to wait for centuries to get seated at the restaurant.The pile of garbage reached the sky.I'll never reach the end of the race.

Personification ExamplesHighlight or underline the personification example in each sentence.The stars danced in the night sky.The old and tattered house looked depressed.The wind howled during the rainstorm.Time flies when you are having a great time.Her life passed by so quickly.The phone blurted out a loud ring.The popular toy flew off the shelves during the holidays.The fire ran wild and spread really quickly putting the homes in danger.The year raced by and before we knew it, summer was here.The thunder growled in the night.The girl's heart skipped down the street when she got nervous.The boy's shirt yelled my name since it was so bright.The snow wrapped the trees in white, fluffy blankets.The cookies screamed, "I'm done!" from the oven.The city streets whispered quietly during the night.The river ran through the