Division 1General Requirements1-01Definitions and Terms1-01.1GeneralThe following abbreviations and terms are defined here as they are used in any Contractdocuments and Specifications. When used in the Proposal Form to denote items of Workand units of measurements, abbreviations are defined to mean the full s and MiscellaneousThese abbreviations are used in Plans and Specifications as defined here:AAAAmerican Arbitration AssociationAARAssociation of American RailroadsAASHTOAmerican Association of State Highway and Transportation OfficialsACIAmerican Concrete InstituteAGAAmerican Gas AssociationAGCAssociated General Contractors of AmericaAIAsphalt InstituteAIAAmerican Institute of ArchitectsAISCAmerican Institute of Steel ConstructionAISIAmerican Iron and Steel InstituteAITCAmerican Institute of Timber ConstructionAMSAerospace Material SpecificationANLAAmerican Nursery and Landscape AssociationANSIAmerican National Standards InstituteAPAAmerican Plywood AssociationAPIAmerican Petroleum InstituteAPWAAmerican Public Works AssociationARAAmerican Railway AssociationAREMAAmerican Railway Engineering and Maintenance AssociationARTBAAmerican Road & Transportation Builders AssociationASAAmerican Standards AssociationASCEAmerican Society of Civil EngineersASLAAmerican Society of Landscape ArchitectsASMEAmerican Society of Mechanical EngineersASNTAmerican Society for Nondestructive TestingASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials InternationalAWPAAmerican Wood Protection Association2021 Standard SpecificationsM 41-10Page 1-1

1-01Page 1-2Definitions and TermsAWSAmerican Welding SocietyAWWAAmerican Water Works AssociationCFRCode of Federal RegulationsCLIChain Link InstituteCRABCounty Road Administration BoardCRSIConcrete Reinforcing Steel InstituteDIPRADuctile Iron Pipe Research AssociationECYWashington State Department of EcologyEEIEdison Electric InstituteEPAEnvironmental Protection AgencyESALEquivalent Single Axle LoadsFHWAFederal Highway AdministrationFOPField Operating ProcedureFSSFederal Specifications and Standards, General Services AdministrationHUDUnited States Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentICEAInsulated Cable Engineers AssociationIEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronics EngineersITEInstitute of Transportation EngineersIESIllumination Engineering SocietyIMSAInternational Municipal Signal AssociationLIDLocal Improvement DistrictLPILighting Protection InstituteMSHAMine Safety and Health ActMUTCDManual on Uniform Traffic Control DevicesNECNational Electrical CodeNEMANational Electrical Manufacturers’ AssociationNEPANational Environmental Policy ActNFPANational Fire Protection AssociationNISTNational Institute of Standards and TechnologyNRMCANational Ready Mix Concrete AssociationOMWBEOffice of Minority and Women’s Business EnterprisesOSHAOccupational Safety and Health AdministrationPCAPortland Cement AssociationPPIPlastic Pipe InstituteP/PCIPrecast/Prestressed Concrete InstituteQPLQualified Products ListRAMRequest for Approval of MaterialRCWRevised Code of Washington (Laws of the State)RIDRoad Improvement DistrictSAESociety of Automotive EngineersSEPAState Environmental Policy Act2021 Standard Specifications M 41-10

Definitions and Terms1-01.2(2)1-01SOPStandard Operating ProcedureSSPCSociety of Protective CoatingsTIBTransportation Improvement BoardULUnderwriters LaboratoriesULIDUtility Local Improvement DistrictUMTAUrban Mass Transit AdministrationWACWashington Administrative CodeWAQTCWestern Alliance for Quality Transportation ConstructionWCLIBWest Coast Lumber Inspection BureauWISHAWashington Industrial Safety and Health AdministrationWRIWire Reinforcement InstituteWSDOTWashington State Department of TransportationWWPAWestern Wood Products AssociationItems of Work and Units of MeasurementPlans and Specifications may include common engineering and constructionabbreviations. Many such abbreviations need no definition. But when the followingabbreviations are used, they will only mean:Agg.AggregateAl.AluminumBSTBituminous Surface TreatmentCl.ClassCfmCubic Feet per MinuteCfsCubic Feet per SecondComb.CombinationConc.ConcreteCPFComposite Pay FactorCrib.CribbingCulv.Culvertcy or cu yd. Cubic YardDiam.DiameterESALEquivalent Single Axle LoadsEst.Estimate or EstimatedExcl.ExcludingFFahrenheitgphGallon per HourgpmGallon per MinuteHund.HundredHMAHot Mix AsphaltIn.InchIncl.Including2021 Standard SpecificationsM 41-10Page 1-3

1-01Definitions and TermsJMCIFJob Mix Compliance Incentive FactorJMFJob Mix FormulalbPound(s)LF or Lin. Ft. Linear Foot (Feet)LSLump SumMThousandMBMThousand Feet Board MeasureMUTSMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthPCPSPrecast PrestressedPres.PressurepsfPounds per Square FootpsiPounds per Square inchPVCPolyvinyl ChlorideRAPRecycled Asphalt PavementReg.RegulatorReinf.Reinforced, ReinforcingSec.SectionSt.SteelStr.Structuralsy or sq. yd. Square Yard(s)1-01.3Th.Thick or ThicknessTr.TreatmentVaAir VoidsVCVitrified ClayVFAVoids Filled with AsphaltVMAVoids in Mineral AggregateDefinitionsAddendum – A written or graphic document, issued to all Bidders and identified as anAddendum prior to Bid opening, which modifies or supplements the Bid Documents andbecomes a part of the Contract.Auxiliary Lane – The part of the Roadway next to Traveled Ways for parking, speedchanges, turning, weaving, truck climbing, or for anything that adds to through trafficmovement.Award – The formal decision of the Contracting Agency to accept the lowest responsibleand responsive Bidder for the Work.Bid, Proposal – The offer of a Bidder on a properly completed Proposal Form to performthe Contract.Page 1-42021 Standard Specifications M 41-10

Definitions and Terms1-01Bidder – An individual, partnership, firm, corporation, or joint venture, submitting aProposal or Bid. When required by law or otherwise the individual, partnership, firm,corporation, or joint venture shall be prequalified.Bid Documents – The component parts of the proposed Contract which may include,but are not limited to, the Proposal Form, the proposed Contract Provisions, theproposed Contract Plans, Addenda, and for projects with Contracting Agency subsurfaceinvestigations; the Summary of Geotechnical Conditions and subsurface boring logs (ifany).Bridge Approach Embankments – An embankment beneath a Structure and extending100 feet beyond a Structure’s end (at Subgrade elevation for the full embankmentwidth) plus an access ramp on a 10:1 slope to the original ground elevation. Also, anyembankment that replaces unsuitable foundation soil beneath the Bridge ApproachEmbankment.Call for Bids (Advertisement for Bids) – The published public notice soliciting Proposalsor Bids for Work stating, among other things, the time, place, and date for receiving andopening the Bids.Cold Weather Protection Period – A period of time 7 days from the day of concreteplacement or the duration of the cure period, whichever is longer.Commission, Washington State Transportation Commission – The appointive bodyhaving authority over state transportation matters as provided by law.Completion Dates – Substantial Completion Date is the day the Engineer determines theContracting Agency has full and unrestricted use and benefit of the facilities, both fromthe operational and safety standpoint, all the initial plantings are completed and onlyminor incidental work, replacement of temporary substitute facilities, plant establishmentperiods, or correction or repair remains for the Physical Completion of the total Contract.Physical Completion Date is the day all of the Work is physically completed on theproject. All documentation required by the Contract and required by law does notnecessarily need to be furnished by the Contractor by this date.Completion Date is the day all the Work specified in the Contract is completed and allthe obligations of the Contractor under the Contract are fulfilled by the Contractor. Alldocumentation required by the Contract and required by law must be furnished by theContractor before establishment of this date.Contract – The written agreement between the Contracting Agency and the Contractor.It describes, among other things:1.What work will be done, and by when;2.Who provides labor and materials; and3.How Contractors will be paid.2021 Standard SpecificationsM 41-10Page 1-5

1-01Definitions and TermsThe Contract includes the Contract (agreement) Form, Bidder’s completed Proposal Form,Contract Provisions, Contract Plans, Standard Specifications, Standard Plans, Addenda,various certifications and affidavits, supplemental agreements, change orders, andsubsurface boring logs (if any).Contract Bond – The approved form of security furnished by the Contractor and theContractor’s Surety as required by the Contract, that guarantees performance of all theWork required by the Contract and payment to anyone who provides supplies or labor forthe performance of the Work.Contract Form (Agreement Form) – The form provided by the Contracting Agency thatrequires the authorized signatures of the Contractor and the Contracting Agency to resultin formal execution of the Contract.Contracting Agency – Agency of Government that is responsible for the execution andadministration of the Contract.Contractor – The individual, partnership, firm, corporation, or joint venture, Contractingwith the Contracting Agency to do prescribed Work.Contract Plans – A publication addressing the Work required for an individual project. Atthe time of the call for Bids, the Contract Plans may include, but are not limited to, thefollowing: a vicinity map, a summary of quantities, structure notes, signing information,traffic control plans, and detailed drawings; all for a specific individual project. At the timeof the Contract execution date, the Contract Plans include any Addenda.Contract Provisions – A publication addressing the Work required for an individualproject. At the time of the call for Bids, the Contract Provisions may include, for a specificindividual project, the Special Provisions, a listing of the applicable Standard Plans, theprevailing minimum hourly wage rates, and an informational Proposal Form with thelisting of Bid items. The proposed Contract Provisions may also include, for a specificindividual project, the Required Contract Provisions Federal-aid Construction Contracts,and various required certifications or declarations. At the time of the Contract executiondate, the Contract Provisions include the proposed Contract Provisions and include anyAddenda, a copy of the Contract Form, and a copy of the Proposal Form with the Contractprices and extensions.Department, Department of Transportation – The State Agency authorized by law toadminister transportation-related work.Engineer – The Contracting Agency’s representative who directly supervises theengineering and administration of a construction Contract.Federal Highway Administration – The Federal Agency authorized to approve plans andcontracts for Federal-Aid Highway projects. They also inspect such projects to ensureContract compliance.Frontage Road – A local street or road usually next to an arterial Highway that servesabutting property and adjacent areas and controls access.Page 1-62021 Standard Specifications M 41-10

Definitions and Terms1-01Highway – A public way for vehicles, including the entire Right of Way.Inspector – The Engineer’s representative who inspects Contract performance in detail.Laboratory – The laboratories of the Contracting Agency, or other laboratories theContracting Agency authorizes to test Work, soils, and materials.Plans – The Contract Plans or Standard Plans which show location, character, anddimensions of prescribed Work including layouts, profiles, cross-sections, and otherdetails.Project Engineer – Same as Engineer.Proposal Form – The form provided to Bidders by the Contracting Agency for submittalof a Proposal or Bid to the Contracting Agency for a specific project. The form includesthe item number, estimated plan quantity, and item description of the Bid items alongwith blank spaces to be completed by the Bidder for the unit prices, extensions, the totalBid amount, signatures, date, acknowledgment of Addenda, and the Bidder’s address. Therequired certifications and declarations are part of the form.Reference Information – Information provided to the Contractor by the ContractingAgency that is not part of the Contract.Right of Way – Land, property, or property interest, usually in a strip, acquired for ordevoted to transportation purposes.Roadbed – The graded part of the Roadway within top and side slopes, prepared as afoundation for the pavement structure and Shoulders.Roadside – The area outside the traveled way.Roadway – The portion of the Right of Way within the outside limits of the side slopes.Secretary, Secretary of Transportation – The chief executive officer of the Departmentand other authorized representatives.Shoulder – The part of the Roadway next to the Traveled Way or Auxiliary Lanes. Itprovides lateral support of base and surface courses and is an emergency stopping areafor vehicles.Sensitive Area – Natural features, which may be previously altered by human activity, thatare present on or adjacent to the project location and protected, managed, or regulatedby local, tribal, state, or federal agencies.Special Provisions – Supplemental Specifications and modifications to the StandardSpecifications that apply to an individual project.Specifications – Provisions and requirements for the prescribed Work.Standard Plans – A manual of specific plans or drawings adopted by the ContractingAgency which show frequently recurring components of Work that have beenstandardized for use.2021 Standard SpecificationsM 41-10Page 1-7

1-01Definitions and TermsState – The state of Washington acting through its representatives.Structures – Bridges, culverts, catch basins, drop inlets, retaining walls, cribbing,manholes, endwalls, buildings, service pipes, se