MONEY MANAGEMENTFOR FOREX s of Money Management03Using Money Management in a Forex Trading Plan06Conclusion08

MONEY MANAGEMENTFOR FOREX TRADERSDISCLAIMERThe information contained in this eBook is provided for information purposesonly. The information is not intended to be and does not constitute financialadvice, is general in nature and is not specific to you. Before using theinformation contained in this eBook to make an investment decision, youshould seek the advice of a qualified and registered securities professionaland undertake your own due diligence. None of the information contained inthis eBook is intended as investment advice, as an offer or solicitation of anoffer to buy or sell or as a recommendation, endorsement or sponsorship ofany security. Orbex is not responsible for any investment decision made byyou. You are responsible for your own investment research and investmentdecisions.RISK DISCLOSUREThere is a substantial amount of risk in trading currencies and CFDs and thepossibility exists that you can lose all, most or a portion of yourcapital. Orbex does not, cannot and will not assess or guarantee thesuitability or profitability of any particular investment or the potential valueof any investment or informational source.The securities mentioned in this eBook may not be suitable for allinvestors. The information provided by Orbex, including but notlimited to its opinion and analysis, is based on financial models believed tobe reliable but it is not guaranteed, represented orwarranted to be accurate or complete.Your use of any information from this eBook or Orbex site is at your own riskand without recourse against Orbex, its owners, directors, officers,employees or content providers.01

MONEY MANAGEMENTFOR FOREX TRADERSINTRODUCTIONSuccessful forex trading typically involves managing profits and losseswisely. Ideally, for most traders, these should be large profits and smalllosses. Having a sound money management component in a tradingplan helps ensure this is the case, and hence an understanding ofwell-established money management techniques is essential for most,if not all, successful forex traders.While having an effective trading plan may seem sufficient, a lack ofmoney management in forex trading can be catastrophic for a tradingaccount. A forex trader must be emotionally prepared to take losses,since if they are not taken sooner rather than later, they can result inthe complete loss of funds in an account. Once trading losses haveconsumed their account, a trader’s confidence tends to be shot as well.Exercising appropriate money management techniques when tradingon a forex account cannot be stressed enough. Basically, a forex traderthat pays no attention to money management is gambling and nottrading. The management of risk for each trade as well as the tradingaccount overall, helps lead a trader toward having a profitable tradingbusiness.While money management practices may limit some of the potentialprofits on a given trade, sound money management is one of the forextrader’s tools to being consistently profitable in the market. Trading ina volatile market such as the currency market requires the trader useall of the tools at their disposal in order to make profits and - above all- to limit losses.02

MONEY MANAGEMENTFOR FOREX TRADERSPRINCIPLES OF MONEY MANAGEMENTIncorporating a comprehensive set of important money managementprinciples into a trading plan is strongly recommended for any forextrader strategically approaching the often unforgiving forex market.Such well-established money management guidelines might include:Do not trade with money you cannot afford to lose.One of the basic rules of thumb of money management is that tradingcapital should not consist of grocery money, money for the mortgage orrent, or money intended for any other basic necessity of life that needsto be met financially. When trading, remember to only use risk capital,which are funds that can be safely put at risk of a complete loss.In essence, risking funds that would otherwise be used for basicnecessities could cause the trader to undergo undue emotional stresswhen facing a losing trade. Trading under such stress can severelyaffect a trader’s judgment and impede them from making soundtrading decisions.Determine optimal risk reward ratios.Knowing how much risk you are willing to take with each trade isanother basic principle of money management. A forex trader shouldbe able to assess how much they can risk and how much that risk isexpected to pay off. For example, some traders use a risk reward ratioof 1:2, in other words, they are willing to risk one unit in order to makean anticipated two units of profit. Other traders may wait for anopportunity to make three units by risking only one unit, which would bea risk reward ratio of 1:3.Looking for trades with a higher expected risk/reward ratio can help atrader filter out less attractive trading opportunities. The trader canthen concentrate their attention and capital on initiating trades underbetter trading circumstances. Also, depending on the level of marginand leverage the trader might have in their forex account, they canchoose to establish a larger position when a better opportunitypresents itself.03

MONEY MANAGEMENTFOR FOREX TRADERSPRINCIPLES OF MONEY MANAGEMENTDetermine your optimal position size.Knowing what the proper trading unit size should be in relation to thesize of a trading account can help safeguard the remaining funds in theaccount. By keeping the trade unit size in a suitable relation to theamount of money in the forex account, only a certain percent of theaccount will be at risk at any given time.For example, many successful forex traders only put twenty percent oftheir account at risk at any given time. Even if the entire twenty percentis lost, the trader still stands a decent chance of recovering the lossquickly with the remaining funds in the account, versus if they typicallyput more at risk. Some forex traders will adjust their position sizebased on how high they calculate the probability of the trade beingprofitable. Such a trader will generally increase the size of a tradedepending on their estimated probability that the trade will be a winner.Enter a stop loss order on each trade.Once the size of each trade is determined, along with the percentage ofthe account that will be at risk at any given time, the trader can thenestablish a position in a currency pair based on their forex analysis.Before initiating the trade, it is strongly recommended that the traderdetermines an exchange rate level where the maximum tolerable lossshould be taken and the position liquidated.Many traders enter their stop loss orders immediately upon initiating aforex trading position to help them remain disciplined. By entering astop loss order, the trader automatically exits the position in the eventthat they are wrong on the direction of the market. Trading with stoploss orders is an important component of forex money managementthat can save the trader a considerable amount of money in the event ofan extreme adverse move in an exchange rate.Some traders will also use a trailing stop loss as the initial positionbecomes profitable. After the exchange rate has moved in a favorabledirection for the trading position, the original stop loss order is movedup in the case of a long position, or lower in the case of a short position.This trailing stop technique ensures that the trader does not ride aprofit into a loss in the event of a significant market reversal.04

MONEY MANAGEMENTFOR FOREX TRADERSPRINCIPLES OF MONEY MANAGEMENTEnter a take profit order on each trade.While this strategy may conflict with the “let your profits run” adage,having an idea of where to exit a trade is almost as important as whento initiate a trade. Once the trader has established an exchange rateposition, entering an order to exit the trade at a realistic (but stillattractive) level of profits, allows the trader to take a profit withouthaving to see their profit diminish or even turn into a loss.This strategy may seem to be counterproductive for some traders,especially in a strongly trending market. Nevertheless, often themarket will reach a certain level before hitting resistance or support,and then will, in many cases, react significantly in the opposite directionlike an overstretched rubber band snapping back into shape.A trader with a take profit order in the market can exit the trade at theirtarget level, and then seek to re-establish the position once the markethas corrected. The disadvantage of course, is that the market maycontinue to move in the direction of the trade without a pullback, leavingthe trader either sidelined out of the market or having to initiate a newposition at a level which might not be optimal.In addition to incorporating the basic principles of money managementcited above, a successful trader will often customize their moneymanagement techniques to fit their trading plan. An example of how atrader might develop their trading plan by incorporating sound moneymanagement techniques is illustrated in the section below.05

MONEY MANAGEMENTFOR FOREX TRADERSUSING MONEY MANAGEMENTIN A FOREX TRADING PLANTo employ money management, the first objective consists ofdeveloping a calculated approach in strategic forex trading and thenapplying the techniques detailed above to positions established usingthe trader’s analysis of current market conditions. Initially, the tradershould recognize that forex market is typically either trending in ageneral direction or trading within a limited range.Recognizing the trend, or making a determination of the limits of atrading range, gives the trader much better probabilities for beingprofitable by either following the trend or trading within the parametersof the trading range. Selecting the optimal entry and exit points could,for example, be determined by using technical forex analysis for thecurrency pair to be traded.For example, if the market is trending, a trader could plan on followingthe trend on a majority of their trades, generally about 80 percent. Inthis case, a risk reward ratio of 1:2 would be acceptable, with a stoploss order placed at a considerable distance from the initial trade,maybe 150 or more pips. The take profit in this instance would be twiceas much as the stop loss, or 300 or more pips.In the event that the forex trader decides to make a trade contrary to thetrend during a correction, then a risk reward ratio of 1:1 could be used,although a much tighter stop loss and a lower take profit objective ofaround 50 pips would be appropriate.06

MONEY MANAGEMENTFOR FOREX TRADERSUSING MONEY MANAGEMENTIN A FOREX TRADING PLANAlternatively, if the market is trading within a range, the trader wouldthen initiate positions at the extreme points of the range, perhapscovering short positions and going long at the low end of the range, ortaking profits and shorting the market at the high end of the range. Inthis type of market, the trader might use a risk reward ratio of 1:1.5,placing stop loss orders around 100 pips away and with a take profitlevel of 150 pips or so.Notice that in both types of market conditions, i.e. trending or rangingmarkets, the estimated risk reward ratio of trades taken is ideally keptto 1:1.5 or 1:2, with the exception of trading corrections. A trader thatmakes money more than half the time using the above model would beexceptional, but even if only half of these trades were ultimatelyprofitable, then the above model should give positive returns over time.In addition, adhering to this type of money management strategy helpseliminate some of the emotional problems that can arise when tradingand which can be extremely counterproductive to success.07

MONEY MANAGEMENTFOR FOREX TRADERSCONCLUSIONUnderstanding the basic money management principles and usingsound techniques for limiting risk in a forex trading account can makethe difference between being consistently profitable and having yourforex broker terminate your trading positions when your losses exceedmargin requirements.Basically, forex trading can be a serious long term business for a goodmoney manager or a temporary whirlwind that can completelyconsume a person’s risk capital quite quickly for those who do notmanage their money wisely. Maintaining a realistic handle on profitsand losses by using established money management principles, allowsa forex trader to be relatively impartial and not let their emotionalreactions sabotage their trading efforts.08

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